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of operations against the neighboring Morgan ever made against any town in upon the city of Puerto del Principe in the island of Cuba, with a mere handful which has never been outdone by any of a like nature-not even the famous atreturned to their boats in the very face of the whole island of Cuba, aroused and determined upon their extermination. Not only did they make good their escape, but they brought away with puted at three hundred thousand pieces of eight, besides five hundred head of cattle and many prisoners held for ran
and every evil, however trifling, should ment that can be attained, and that be as carefully avoided. The moral which secures the highest possible derecititude of men must be determined gree of happiness to the soul in its by the law of God where ever that law
spiritual and eternal life. S. W. R. has been revealed.
It implies free agency-the power to do or not to do
Don't do it-The mean act that is that which shall be in full accord with prompted by selfishness and encouraged the divine-the highest spiritual develop- ' by expediency.
A BOLD BUCCANEER. And now we come to the greatest of
som. But when the division of all this all the buccaneers of the Spanish main, wealth came to be made, lo! there were he who stands pre-eminent amongst
only fifty thousand pieces of eight to be them, ļand whose name even to this day is
found. What had become of the rest a charm to call up his deeds of daring,
no man could tell but Captain Henry his dauntless
courage, his truculent Morgan himself. Honesty among thieves cruelty, and his insatiate and unappeas
was never an axiom with him. able lust for gold-Captain Henry Mor Rude, truculent, and dishonest as Capgan, the bold Welshman, who brought
tain Morgan was, he seems to have had buccaneering to the height and flower of
a wonderful power of persuading the Having sold himself, after wild buccaneers under him to submit the manner of the times, for his passage
everything to his judgment, and to rely across the seas, he worked out his time
entirely upon his word. In spite of the of servitude at the Barbadoes. As soon
vast sum of money that he had very evias he had regained his liberty he entered
dently made away with, recruits poured in upon the trade of piracy, wherein he
upon him, until his band was larger and
better equipped than ever. And now it position of considerable prominence.
He was associated with was determined that the plunder harvest Mansvelt at the time of the latter's des
was ripe at Porto Bello, and that city's cent upon Saint Catherine's Isle, the
doom was sealed. The town was deimportance of which spot, as a centre
fended by two strong castles thoroughly
manned, and officered by as gallant a coasts, Morgan never lost sight of.
soldier as ever carried Toledo steel at The first attempt that Captain Henry
his side. But strong castles and gallant
soldiers weighed not a barley-corn with the Spanish Indies was the bold descent
the buccaneers, when their blood was stirred by the lust of gold.
Landing at Puerto Naos, a town some It was a deed the boldness of ten leagues westward of Porto Bello,
they marched to the latter town, and
coming before the castle boldly deThence they manded its surrender. It was refused,
whereupon Morgan threatened that no quarter should be given. Still surrender was refused; and then the castle was attacked, and after a bitter struggle was
captured. Morgan was as good as his them a vast amount of plunder, com
word: every man in the castle was shut in the guard-room, the match was set to the powder-magazine, and soldiers, castle, and all were blown into the air,
soon reached a
tack upon Panama itself.
whilst through all the smoke and the logs of wood in montera caps and sailor dust the buccaneers poured into the jackets, and filled with brimstone, pitch, town. Still the governor held out in and palm leaves soaked in oil. Then the other castle, and might have made out of the lake the pirates sailed to good his defence, but that he was be meet the Spaniards, the fire-ship leading trayed by the soldiers under him. Into the way, and bearing down directly upon the castle poured the howling bucca the admiral's vessel. At the helm stood
But still the governor fought on, volunteers, the most desperate and the with his wife and daughter clinging to bravest of all the pirate gang, and at the his knees and beseeching him to sur ports stood the logs of wood in montera render, and the blood from his wounded caps. So they came up with the admiral, forehead trickling down over his white and grappled with his ship in spite of collar, until a merciful bullet put an end the thunder of all his great guns, and to the vain struggle.
then the Spaniard saw, all too late, Here were enacted the old scenes. what his opponent really was. Everything plundered that could be He tried to swing loose, but clouds of taken, and then a ransom set upon the smoke and almost instantly a mass of town itself. This time an honest, or an roaring flames enveloped both vessels, apparently honest, division was made of and the admiral was lost. The second the spoils, which amounted to two hun vessel, not wishing to wait for the comdred and fifty thousand pieces of eight. ing of the pirates, bore down upon the besides merchandise and jewels.
fort, under the guns of which the cowThe next towns to suffer were poor ardly crew sunk her, and made the best Maracaybo and Gibraltar, now just be of their way to the shore. The third ginning to recover from the desolation vessel, not having an opportunity to wrought by L'Olonoise.
escape, was taken by the pirates withboth towns were plundered of every out the slightest resistance, and the bale of menchandise and of every piastre, passage from the lake was cleared. So and once more both were ransomed, the buccaneers sailed away, leaving until everything was squeezed from the Maracaybo and Gibraltar prostrate a wretched inhabitants. Here affairs second time. were like to have taken a turn, for when And now Captain Morgan determined Captain Morgan came up from Gibraltar, to undertake another venture, the like he found three great men-of-war lying of which had never been equalled in all in the entrance to the lake awaiting his of the annals of buccaneering. This coming. Seeing that he was hemmed was nothing less than the descent upon in, in the narrow sheet of water. Captain and the capture of Panama, which was, Morgan was inclined to compromise next to Cartagena, perhaps, the most matters, even offering to relinquish all powerful and the most strongly fortified the plunder he had gained if he were city in the West Indies. In preparation allowed to depart in peace. But no; the for this venture he obtained letters of Spanish admiral would hear nothing of marque from the Governor of Jamaica, by this. Having the pirates, as he thought, virtue of which elastic commission he besecurely in his grasp, he would relinquish gan immediately to gather around him all nothing, but would sweep them from material necessary for the undertaking. the face of the sea once and forever.
When it became known abroad that That was an unlucky determination the great Captain Morgan was about for the Spaniards to reach, for instead of undertaking an adventure that was to paralyzing the pirates with fear, as he eclipse all that was ever done before, expected it would do, it simply turned great numbers came flocking to his their mad courage into as mad despera standard, until he had gathered together tion. A great vessel that they had an army of two thousand or more des. taken with the town of Maracaybo was peradoes and pirates wherewith to proconverted into a fire-ship, manned with secute his adventure, albeit the venture
itself was kept a total secret from every and desperate. Again and again the
Port Couillon, in the island of buccaneers assaulted, and again and Hispaniola, over against the Ile de la again they were beaten back. · So the Vache, was the place of muster, and morning came, and it seemed as though thither the motley band gathered from the pirates had been baffled this time. all quarters.
Provisions had been But just at this juncture the thatch of plundered from the main-land wherever palm leaves on the roofs of some of the they could be obtained, and by the 24th buildings inside the fortifications took of October, 1670 (O. S.), everything was fire, a conflagration followed, which in readiness.
caused the explosion of one of the magaThe island of Saint Catharine, as it zines, and in the paralysis of terror that may be remembered, was at one time followed, the pirates forced their way captured by Mansvelt, Morgan's master into the fortifications, and the castle was in his trade of piracy. It had been won. Most of the Spaniards flung themretaken by the Spaniards, and was now selves from the castle walls into the river thoroughly fortified by them. Almost the or upon the rocks beneath, preferring first aitempt that Morgan had made as a death to capture and possible torture; master-pirate was the retaking of Saint many who were left were put to the Catharine's Isle.
In that undertaking | sword, and some few were spared and he had failed ; but now, as there was an held as prisoners. So sell the castle of absolute need of some such place as a Chagres, and nothing now lay between base of operations, he determined that the buccaneers and the city of Panama the place must be taken. And it was but the intervening and trackless forests. taken. The Spaniards, during the time And now the name of the town whose of their possession, had fortified it most doom was sealed was no secret. Up thoroughly and completely, and had the the river of Chagres went Captain governor thereof been as brave as he Henry Morgan and twelve hundred men, who met his death in the castle of Porto packed closely in their canoes; they Bello, there might have been a different never stopped, saving now and then to tale to tell. As it was, he surrendered rest their stiffened legs, until they had it in a most cowardly fashion, merely come to a place known as Cruz de San stipulating that there should be a sham Juan Gallego, where they were comattack by the buccaneers, whereby his pelled to leave their boats on account of credit might be saved. And so Saint the shallowness of the water. Leaving Catharine was won.
a guard of one hundred and sixty men The next step to be taken was the to protect their boats as a place of refuge capture of the castle of Chagres, which in case they should be worsted before guarded the mouth of the river of that Panama, they turned and plunged into name, up which river the buccaneers the wilderness before them. would be compelled to transport their There a more powerful foe awaited troops and provisions for the attack upon them than a host of Spaniards with the city of Panama. This adventure was match, powder, and lead-starvation. undertaken by four hundred picked men They met but little or no opposition in under the command of Captain Morgan their progress; but wherever they turned himself. The castle of Chagres, known they found every fibre of meat, every as San Lorenzo by the Spaniards, stood grain of maize, every ounce of bread or upon the top of an abrupt rock at the meal, swept away or destroyed utterly mouth of the river, and was one of the before them. Even when the buccaneers strongest fortresses for its size in all the had successfully overcome an ambusWest Indies. This stronghold Morgan cade or an attack, and had sent the must have if he ever hoped to win Spaniards flying, the fugitives took the Panama.
time to strip their dead comrades of every The attack of the castle and the de grain of food in their leathern sacks, fence of it were equally fierce, bloody, leaving nothing but the empty bags:
Says the narrator of these events, him breast of the great buccaneer himself. self one of the expedition, “They after For three weeks Morgan and his men ward fell to eating those leathern bags, abided in this dreadful place; then they as affording something to the ferment of marched away with one hundred and their stomachs.”
seventy-five beasts of burden loaded Ten days they struggled through this with treasures of gold and silver and bitter privation, doggedly forcing their jewels, besides great quantities of merway onward, faint with hunger and hag chandise, and six hundred prisoners held gard with weakness and fever. Then,
Whatever became of all from the high hill and over the tops of that vast wealth, and what it amounted the forest trees, they saw the steeples of to no man but Morgan ever knew, for Panania, and nothing remained between when a division was made it was found them and their goal but the fighting of that there was only two hundred pieces four Spainards to every one of them-a of eight to each man. simple thing which they had done over When this dividend was declared, a and over again. Down they poured howl of execration went up, under which upon Panama, and
the even Captain Henry Morgan quailed. Spaniards to meet them; four hundred At night he and four other commanders horse, two thousand five hundred foot, slipped their cables and ran out to sea, and two thousand wild bulls which had and it was said that these divided the been herded together to be driven over greater part of the booty amongst themthe buccaneers so that their ranks might selves. But the wealth plundered at be disordered and broken. The bucca Panama could hardly have fallen short neers were only eight hundred strong; of a million and a half of dollars. Comthe others had either fallen in battle or puting it at this reasonable figure, the had dropped along the dreary pathway various prizes won by Henry Morgan through the wilderness; but in the space in the West Indies would stand as of two hours the Spaniards were flying follows: Panama, one million five hunmadly over the plain, minus six hundred dred thousand dollars, Porto Bello, eight who lay dead or dying behind them. As hundred thousand dollars, Puerto del for the bulls, as many of them as were Principe,
hundred thousand shot served as food there and then for dollars, Maracaybo and Gibraltar, four the half-famished pirates, for the bucca hundred thousand dollars, various piracneers were never more at home than in ies, two hundred and fifty thousandthe slaughter of cattle.
making a grand total of three million six Then they marched toward the city. hundred and fifty thousand dollars as Three hours more fighting and they the vast harvest of plunder. With this were in the streets, howling, yelling fabulous wealth, wrenched from the plundering, gorging, dram-drinking, and Spaniards by means of the rack and the giving full vent to all the vile and name cord, and pilfered from his companions less lusts that burned in their hearts like by the meanest of thieving, Captain a hell of fire. And now followed the Henry Morgan retired from business, usual sequence of events-rapine, cru honored of all, rendered famous by his elty, and extortion; only this time there deeds, knighted by the good King was no town to ransom, for Morgan had Charles II, and finally appointed govergiven orders that it should be destroyed. nor of the rich island of Jamaica. The torch was set to it, and Panama, one Other buccaneers followed him. Cam. of the greatest cities in the New World, peche was taken and sacked, and even was swept from the face of the earth. Cartagena itself fell; but with Henry Why the deed was done, no man but Morgan culminated the glory of the bucMorgan could tell. Perhaps it was that caneers, and from that time they declined all the secret hidingplaces for treasure in power and wealth and wickedness might be brought to light; but whatever until they were finally swept away. the reason was, it lay hidden in the
Howard Pyle in Harpers.