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villages. They loved nature, too, and, and of thy life is at hand!” Whatever next to war, their favorite occupation Drusus thought of this apparition, true was hunting. Among them, as a Roman it is that he did not advance farther, but writer has said, “no one smiled at vice;'' soon after, while retreating, fell from his and it was not “fashionable" to do wrong, horse and died. It is said that on his as it was at Rome.

retreat, wolves howled around his camp, Another great difference that Hermann the wild screams of women were heard, noticed between his people and those and the stars raced about the sky. To around him at Rome was in the treat the minds of superstitious people these ment that the women received. Mar were frightful omens. He was succeeded riage with the Germans was a holy thing. by his artful and arrogant brother. The men loved their wives and children; Tiberius, who afterwards became emhome was a place sacred to the sweet peror of Rome. enjoyments that have made it so beauti Under Tiberius the condition of the ful among their descendants ever since. Germans did not grow much worse. When they were married, the man made When he returned to Rome, a general presents to the bride, and any wrong named Varus was sent to take his place. done to her roused in the husband's He had been among the conquered heart the direct desire for vengeance. people of Syria, and thought that he Already the Roman generals had treated could govern the Germans as he govthe German's wives and daughters in a

erned them. But there was none of the way that stung their husbands and German love of liberty among the Syrians, fathers to the quick. The lines of one of and Varus soon found that he had made the great English writers express his feel a mistake. Under Tiberius the Gerings well. He says, (altering but a word), mans had been comparatively quiet, "Leave to the poor barbarian his single tie to life, waiting, as it proved, a leader to rise The sweet, sweet love of daughter, of sister and and give them freedom. Now they of wife,

were irritated and ready, and now too a The gentle speech, the balm for all that his vexed

leader was ready to show them the way soul endures,

to throw off the galling yoke. The kiss in which he half forgets even such a

You are ready to say that it was Heryoke as yours.

mann who was to do the heroic deed. Spare us the inexpiable wrong, the unutterable

He had been trained by the Romans to shame, That turns the coward's heart to steel, the slug

lead his own countrymen in wars for gard's blood to flame;

their conquerors, but he could not be Lest when our latest hope is fled ye taste of our

made to forget the interest of the Gerdespair,

man people. He showed them that by And learn by proof, in some wild hour, how uniting their forces they might resist a much the wretched dare."

people even so powerful as the Romans. It was when Hermann was about six He found they were prepared to strike years old that the Romans had made a great blow for deliverance. Hermann their first inroads upon the territory of knew that if he were to attack the wellthe Germans, led by a general named armed and carefully drilled soldiers of Drusus, and it may be that the little Rome in the open field, he would have fellow had been taken to Rome at that little chance of success. He determined time. Drusus built many forts on the to lead Varus into the wild forests, where Rhine,and, I suppose, thought that he had numbers and strength of body would be conquered the people. It is said that a match for skill and arms. He thereonce while he was there, a supernatural fore caused the people of a distant place figure appeared to him, and with a to open the war by revolting against the lofty, threatening air, said, “How much invaders, and made his plans to attack farther wilt thou advance, insatiable Varus when he should have marched Drusus? The Fates forbid thee to ad beyond his forts, in some thick woods vance! Away! The term of thy deeds

among the mountains.

Varus was as confident of success as that the Romans were tired out, and the Romans generally had been, and were leaving their heavy wagons, and fearlessly marched to his ruin. If you getting into such confusion that they will look on a map of Germany, you will could not even hear the commands of see a town named Detmold, about fifty their officers. Then he ordered his men miles southwest of Hanover. It is to charge upon the worn-out foreigners. among the rugged mountains known as With shouts and fury the Germans the Teutoburger Alps. The country is sprang through the gloomy woods, firing full of narrow valleys, surrounded by their terrible arrows at the men, but lofty hills, which at the time we are especially at the horses of the Roman speaking of were covered with great cavalry. trees. It was to this region that Her We pitied the Germans at first, but mann enticed Varus, and at a point near now we pity the poor lost Romans. They the town of Detmold the Romans met were not fighting for their homes but the Germans. Varus had with him only because their general told them to about fourteen thousand infantry from do it. Varus soon saw that there was Rome, nearly a thousand Roman horse no possibility of his getting ahead, and men, and a large number of soldiers that ordered his men to start back. They he had gathered from the provinces. did as they were told, but still they These were well organized. They had fought. They were separated one from brave and skilful officers, and the heavy another. The Germans surrounded the armor that you have seen in the pictures small bands and slaughtered them. They of Roman soldiers.

were lost in the swamps. Their eagles There were

no roads through the were taken. All hope left them, and woods, and Varus was obliged to cut they saw that there was no escape. One down trees and fill up swampy places in little body of veterans formed themorder to get his army along. Then, selves in a ring on a mound, and deteralmost before he knew it, he found him mined to sell life as dearly as they could; self in a trap. The valleys were large but it was of no use. They tried to raise enough, but they were entered by nar a protecting earth-work and to make a row defiles, through which but few could ditch, but they were worn out by fatigue pass at a time. Hermann and his army and pained by their wounds. Inch by knew the way about the region, and they inch they were obliged to give way, and were there before the Romans, cutting the Germans charged on them, killing down trees to impede their progress, and all that they did not reserve to be offered harassing them from the tops of the as sacrifices. Very few of the proud hills. Heavy rains had fallen, and it army of Rome escaped to tell the story kept raining, until Varus thought it of the fight in the German woods. would never stop. This made his pro Varus cast himself upon his sword and gress in any direction very difficult, even died. But the news was taken to Rome, when he had no enemy striking his men and the emperor and all his people redown with arrows that seemed to come ceived it with terror. Tiberius, who had from the clouds, or to be shot out of the called himself Augustus, “the majestic,”' very hills themselves. He had also made tore his clothes in his agony, and pitiathe mistake of carrying into the woods bly cried out: his heavy baggage wagons, and of let “Give me my legions, Varus!" ting a great rabble of camp-followers But the legions could never be given go along, just as if he were traveling him. The horrified Romans declared that through a friendly country, or taking an summits of the Alps fell at this time, and excursion to exercise his men.

that columns of fire blazed from Hermann would not let his brave des that the temple of the God of Wakas perate Germans go out to meet the Ro struck by a thunderbolt; that the heavens mans in any open place, but held to his glowed as if on fire; that comets blazed plan of secrecy and artifice until he saw forth, and meteors like spears shot from


the north into the Roman camp; that
the statue of victory, which had been
erected on the frontier, pointing towards
Germany, had of its own accord turned
around and pointed towards Rome.

It sounds very much like what we read
in Shakspeare's play of Julius Cæsar:
"Graves have yawned and yielded up their dead;
Fierce fiery warriors fought upon the clouds,
In ranks and squadrons and right form of war,
Which drizzled blood upon the capitol;
The noise of battle hurtled in the air,
Horses did neigh and dying men did groan,
And ghosts did shriek and squeal about the

It was believed that the victorious
Germans would march upon Rome, and
there was consternation on this account.
A great force was raised by draft, for no
one of military age was willing to en-

list to face a foe so terrible as the Germans were represented to be, by the frightened refugees who had brought the news to the city. But the Germans did not march to Rome. Hermann fought for freedom, not for conquest as the Romans did. He obtained what he fought for. If you look at a map of the ancient Roman Empire, you will see that it did not extend beyond the Rhine. Hermann put a stop to Roman progress in that direction for all time. He won freedom for the Germans and their descendants, and put that spirit into them which caused them, on the Meadow of Counsel, to force King John to sign the Magna Charta; and which caused the Patriots at Philadelphia, in 1776, to sign the Declaration of Independence.--Selected.

THE SINGER. Let your light so shine before men that they may see your good works, and glorify your father which is in heaven.- Matthew v, 16. God gave to the world a singer,

Sing new songs of joy intrinsic, A warbler of strange, sweet songs,

Or let cease thy light to shine. And bade her in brightness linger

But with holy trust the singer Where thickest were found earth's throngs.

From her child-like soul looked up, And deep in her heart the vision

And remembered that Christ, the bringer Of glorious brightness lay,

Of joy, drank scorn's black cup. And she sang sweet strains elysian

And in orisons pure and tender, As she walked the lighted way.

Her thankful heart swelled high, For her soul was bathed in brightness,

For the light her soul might render At the fount of light she drank,

In a world where all must die. But the sheen of her spirit's whiteness

And though humble, meek and lowly From the touch of earth ne'er shrank.

Were the songs of praise she sang, A song of strength to the drooping,

Pure angels called them holy, A song of joy to the sad

In heaven their sweet tones rang. God's angels ne'er deemed her stooping,

For in love she obeyed the master That she made earth's children glad.

Who commanded the light to shine, And ever she sang of beauty,

And in faith toiled on the faster, And justice and love and truth,

Believing the call divine. And the thorniest path of duty

And no one knew but the angels Grew bright to her trusting youth.

Of the beauty still unexpressed But the world said in cold scorning

The love, the light, the gladness Sweet songs have been sung before,

That lingered within her breast. We've no need of new adorning

And so like a babe in sweetness With the poems of thy lore.

On the Savior's breast she lay, Give us grander, sweeter music,

For her joy was in life's completeness Give us strains yet more divine,

Truly found in God's own way.

Ruby Lamont.

THE CONTRIBUTOR. by Mr. John Held, who has learned the

by Mr. John Held, who has learned the art of wood engraving at home, and is

rapidly attaining great proficiency in his JUNICS F. WELLS, EDITOR. chosen profession; of which the origin

ality of design and superior workmanship PUBLISHED BY THE CONTRIBUTOR COMPANY. of our new title page affords the strong

est proof. Terms: Two Dollars a Year, in advance,

The photo-engravings of scenes in and

about Nauvoo, which will accompany the SALT LAKE City, NOVEMBER, 1886. leading historical series are made by

the Photo-Engraving Company of New VOLUME EIGHT.

York, from photographs taken by Elder IN announcing the eighth volume of B. H. Roberts, while visiting those THE CONTRIBUTOR, we desire to thank its scenes in search of information, expatrons and those who have contributed pressly for the articles which he is writof their talent to make its pages interest ing for The CONTRIBUTOR. The scenes ing, for the prosperity and success which all have a historical interest, which our has thus far attended the publication of people will fully appreciate. Each numour Magazine. While we have had ber will be adorned with a full page many difficulties to surmount in endeav engraving. oring to issue a first class publication,

The field in which THE CONTRIBUTOR that should, in all respects, be represen

circulates is one that is distinct from all tative of the education, faith and pur others, and is broad enough for it to pose of the young men and women of be well supported and to do a vast Zion, our effort has been met with a cor amount of good in promoting the gendial sentiment of good will and with eral welfare of the community. The substantial endorsement that has encour following are some of the reasons which aged us, and makes it possible to an have been put forth to the public, why nounce the beginning of another volume THE CONTRIBUTOR should be subscribed under favorable prospects for its future. for and read by the people: Owing to a disappointment in some type It is the Organ of the Mutual Improvement which had been provided for the new

Associations, one of the best organizations ever volume, we were compelled to delay the

formed for the cultivation and welfare of our issue of the first number until now, in

young people. stead of commencing the volume with

It is the only authorized monthly periodical the October number as heretofore; and

published among us, having an educational mis

sion to perform which should be encouraged. while we might have issued a few days

It is representative of our home literature, earlier, and called it the October number,

containing the best original prose and poetry it was deemed advisable, in the interest of

that our people write. the Magazine, to commence the volumes It supplies, in concise form, literature that is hereafter with the November number. pure in tone, elevated in thought, instructive

We have arranged for some improve and interesting in matter; such as you wish ments which we doubt not will be greatly yourself and family to read. appreciated by our readers. The letter It is regularly written for and read by the press is as good as it is possible to ob

brightest minds among us.

You cannot afford tain in Utah. Our paper is of the best

to be ignorant of their thoughts or indifferent to

their public expressions. quality that is made in the Territory and

It encourages home art; its illustrations being the type used is all new, while the press

original, from designs and views prepared especwork, by the Deseret News Company's

ially for it; and its letter-press and typography new two revolution steam press, is in are the best. advance of any in the past.

It is a model volume when bound, containing We take pleasure in directing atten nearly five hundred pages worth preserving, and tion to the title page of this number, engravings that are of interest now and for a which has been prepared for the volume hundred years to come.


It is improving every year. The prospectus the highest pile of masonry in the world, indicates that the new volume will be more is a moving if not living thing. It apinteresting than any previous one.

pears, from observations of the habits of It is the cheapest magazine published west of

the monument, that the great obelisk has the Missouri River. No other contains so great

a regular swaying motion when the sun a variety of original matter for the price.

is shining upon it. On every bright day It will be sent to your address, every month, for a year, and be bound, at the end of the year,

the apex of the monument moves at least in fine half leather binding, to be preserved

one inch westward in the morning, when forever. The cost of subscription, including

the sun's rays first fall upon it, and eastbinding, is only two dollars and twenty-five cents. ward again in the afternoon when the sun

Exception has been taken to the second reaches the western side. The heat of paragraph, above, as it appeared origi the sun's rays has an expansive effect nally, slightly changed from this. We upon the masonry, and the plummet that wish, however, to say that there has is suspended in the interior of the monubeen no intention on our part to dep ment registers this amount from day to recate or disparage any publication of day. merit that is issued in this Territory, especially by our people. On the con In 1844 Joseph Smith, who was trary, they have the warmest welcome independent candidate for the Presidency and support of The CONTRIBUTOR; for of the United States, proposed, in the we believe that the more good reading platform of principles upon which he matter there is circulated among the went before his countrymen for their people, the more rapidly will taste be cul support, that the slaves of the South be tivated for such, and in the development liberated and their owners paid a fair of such taste, we confidently expect to find compensation for the loss they would increased support for our Magazine. suffer through the enfranchisement of

the black men. Instead of his counsel, When The CONTRIBUTOR was first pro which would have settled the slavery iected it was with a view to its becoming question in peace, being followed, the the active organ and representative of war of the Rebellion ensued and wasted the Young Men's and Young Ladies' millions of treasure and hundreds of Associations. So far, except to the ex thousands of lives. According to Gentent that its columns have been freely eral Drun the aggregate of deaths in the open to contributions from the Young Union army reached 359,496, out of two Ladies' Associations, it has not, perhaps, and a half millions of men, who were called accomplished much as their organ. We from the various States into the service, regret the necessity of making this state during the period of the bloody conflict. ment, and hope that the Magazine will There were more slain in the ranks of hereafter be of more service to them. We the Southern armies, and according to cordially solicit the co-operation of the the best calculations, in round numbers, officers of the Y.L.M.I.A. in making the a million men lost their lives to liberate Magazine all that profitable and interest the slaves and save the union. ing organization can desire its official organ to become. We shall be glad to Among the curiosities of natural hisdevote as much space to reporting im tory none have excited more wonder portant meetings of the Young Ladies' than the white gorilla, which is now on Associations, making announcements view at the Royal Aquarium in London. thereof, and aiding the general officers Whether this animal is a true species of the organization in their work among or a highly developed cross-bred is a the daughters of Zion, as is occupied in question for the naturalists. Its height these respects for the benefit of the is about twenty-six inches, and its age Young Men's Associations.

probably three or four years. The whole

of its body and limbs, both arms and The Washington monument, which is legs, are almost free from hair, and it has

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