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It is a good thing to own something The Deseret Sunday School Union rethat is growing while you sleep, and ported 425 Sunday schools. Male teachScience has made a discovery that helps ers 4981. Female teachers 3368. Total everybody to do so. It has found out officers and teachers 8.349. Male children that fruit trees slumber in the daytime in attendance 26.152, female children and work at night. This modern idea 25.428. Total children 51.580. Grand-total is that fruit trees acquire most of their of officers and pupils in the Sunday growth at night.
Dr. Krauss has schools 59.929. There are 363 Theobserved and calculated that the fruit of ological classes, 859 Bible and Testament the cherry laurel increases in the night classes, 490
Book of Mormon, 232 at the rate of ninety per cent. and only Doctrine and Covenants, 158 Juvenile ten per cent. by day, while apples Instructor, 293 Catechism, 2,234 misincrease eighty per cent. at night and cellaneous, making a total of 4.929 twenty per cent. in the daytime.
classes taught. The libraries contain 40.
844 books. At the late annual conference of the The report of the Y. M. M. I. AssociaChurch some very interesting statistics tions was read at the semi-annual conwere presented in the various reports ference held on the evening of April 8th read. There were reported thirty Stakes in the Provo Tabernacle. While it was of Zion, embracing the Territory of Utah very incomplete, some of the largest and parts of Arizona, Idaho, Wyoming, Stakes failing to report, the exhibit it Nevada, Colorado and New Mexico. makes of the Associations reporting is Within these stakes are eleven Apostles, most creditable. Twenty Stakes resixty-five Patriarchs, six thousand seven ported showing 179 associations and hundred and forty-four Seventies, three
7749 members, an increase of 716 in thousand one hundred and twenty-three six months; average attendance at High Priests, twelve thousand four hun meetings, 4755, or over sixty per cent. dred and forty-one Elders, two thousand Meetings were held as follows: Stake four hundred and twenty-three Priests, conferences, 61; regular weekly meettwo thousand four hundred and ninety-ings, 2783; conjoint sessions, 771; extra seven Teachers, six thousand eight meetings, 119. Total, 3734. Missionary hundred and fifty-four Deacons, 81,228 | appointments filled, 612. Visits of genmembers making a total of officers and eral and Stake officers, 266. Number of members of 115,699. There are children members on missions, 116. Libraries, under eight years of age 46,684. Total 73, volumes, 5294. Manuscript papers souls 162,383.
Essays, 782. Testimonies The Relief Society reported 235 socie borne, 3615. Questions answered, 1462. ties with 18,000 members, having assets Declamations, 661. Musical exercises, $9,166 cash, $21,032 property, $6,479 real estate, 66,409 bushels of wheat. Receipts Subjective lectures were as follows: for the year were $6,172 cash, $6,032 Bible, 1975. Book of Mormon, 1146. property, 4,074 bushels wheat. Dis Doctrine and Covenants, 1132. Church bursements for relief $4, 126 cash, $4,369 History, 544. Doctrinal, 650. Historiproperty, besides various contributions to cal, 238. Scientific, 85. Biographical, hospitals and other charities.
165. Political, 38. Travel, 40. MiscelThe Young Ladies Mutual Improve laneous, 1585. Total, 7598. ment Association reported a member Of all these totals fifty per cent. may ship of 7,744, average attendance at be added for an approximation of the meetings 4,119, meetings held 3742. true status and condition of the associaChapters in Church works read by mem tions, as the above represents only twenty bers 12,959. Miscellaneous papers 258, out of the thirty Stakes. This addition and original essays 1,010. They have in would make the total of associations 268 libraries 2,476 volumes and cash on and of members 11623, which we believe hand $745.
is about correct.
“THE WAYSIDE INN.” The village of Sudbury is, as every
Howe, who always kept aloof from the New Englander knows, in Middlesex ordinary guests of the inn, being a youn county, Mass., not far from Concord
woman of superior culture.
She had town, of Revolutionary fame.
been educated at a city boarding-school, One afternoon, about sixty years ago, and was, therefore, looked upon as a the rattling stage-coach which ran on the prodigy of learning and accomplishments. high-road between Boston and the Con The inn-parlor was her especial domain; necticut Valley, was making its usual it was a large, low-raftered room, with stop three miles from the village, at the wainscotted walls and tiled chimneyRed Horse Inn.
piece, and for decoration, the Howe coatAs ancient is this hostelry
of-arms in brilliant colors. Opposite the As any in the land may be.
fire-place hung a picture of Princess Among the passengers who alighted Mary, daughter of King George the here, was a young man lately graduated Third, and on another wall was a double from Maine's renowned college, Old oval frame containing the portraits of a Bowdoin, and now on his way to foreign man and woman, with beneath them lands. Glancing around him with all the rather startling assertion: "We are the glad eagerness of youth, he stood for one!" These were Jerusha's great-granda minute in the shadow of the great oak parents. And the crowning glory of the trees before the door. The red glow of room was the new spinet—the object of sunset suffused meadow and woodland, the neighbors' awe and admiration, being painting in brilliant hues the time-worn the first article of the kind seen in those and weather-stained inn, its tiny wood parts. Happy and envied was she who bine-curtained windows, and gayly could say to her sister-gossips, “I've seen prancing horse depicted upon the sign- | Jurusha's pianny, and I heerd her play on board. In the yard below was a busy
it, tew!” scene; a noisy gathering of teamsters, Yielding to the solicitations of her fatravelers, market - women, peddlers,
ther, brother and visitors, the young strolling players, beggars and inn ser lady seated herself at the instrument, vants: the Red Horse tavern was a far opened her music-book, and discoursed famed place of refreshment for man and sweet melodies and thrilling fantasias, beast.
and, notably, the noisy "battle of In the door-way stood the smiling | Prague,” to the great delectation of her host, welcoming his guests. When they listeners. Thus was the evening passed. had entered the house, and were doing and then the guests climbed the creakjustice to a generous meal, he informed ing staircase to the tiny sloping them (as was his wont) that the Red above. At break of day they were in Horse had been kept by his father in their places in the coach again, and as King George's time, when Massachusetts the driver started his strong horses and was a colony. He recounted how his set off toward the brightening east, the parent had led a body of volunteers youthful traveler turned his gaze back down to Concord, to help protect the to the quaint old inn, and kept the memistores of ammunition from the king's ory of it in his poet heart. The name of troops. The sword which the gallant this young man was Henry Wadsworth Colonel Howe had worn on that mem Longfellow. orable day now hung over the wide fireplace, and all were free to examine and Time brought many changes in Sudadmire it.
bury and the county round; a railroad When they had finished supper, the superseded the stage-coach and turned travelers were ushered into the presence the tide of travel away from the old of their host's daughter, Miss Jerusha | highway and the Red Horse Inn. The
gallant steed on the sign-board grew Howe, the youngest member of the more and more indistinct, until he seem family whom Longfellow had met, and ed but the shadow of his former self; the only one left in Sudbury. He was still, he held his head erect and pranced nominally the landlord of the inn, and as gaily as of yore, although his reign though he had long since delegated his was over. The house became known as authority and domiciled himself in a Howe's Tavern, its glory a thing of the cottage near by, the greater part of his past, and its guests comparatively few. time was spent in his childhood's home.
In 1848–about twenty-five years after His chief delight was to descant to newLongfellow's visit--a professor from comers on the antiquity of the family Harvard College, Daniel Treadwell by name, to point to the Howe coat-of-arms name, chanced to pass a night at the and the Revolutionary sword of his wayside inn, and, appreciating the rural grandsire, and to wonder what Lord beauty and seclusion of the spot, deter Howe would say if his American cousin mined to make it his home during the should cross the sea and visit him. Belong vacation. Accordingly, he busied ing a justice of the peace, he was known himself in securing some congenial spir as “Squire," and having picked up a its, who agreed to join him in his sum great variety of learning, was looked mer retreat. Among these chosen ones upon as an oracle by his neighbors. With was Dr. T. W. Parsons, a gifted and these he was wont to be lofty and pompromising writer of classical poems; pous in his bearing, but in the presence Luigi Monti, a Sicilian youth of ardent of his more intellectual city-bred actemperament and versatile talent; and quaintances, he was merely a delighted Henry Washington Wales, of graver listener. bearing, a great student, traveler and His parents and his sister Jerusha were linguist.
dead, his brother had married and reProfessor Treadwell himself was moved to a distance, but the fair spinlearned man of science and an inventor, ster's parlor was unchanged, and when and at the same time a theologian of landlord and guests gathered round the broad views and far-reaching philan- fire, its fitful flame still lighted the picthropy. He was a man of somewhat tured face of Princess Mary, the rustygruff exterior, but one whose kindliness, sword and the Howe coat-of-arms, and extending even to the brute creation, danced on the spinet's yellow, rattling would prompt him to turn his horse keys. rather than crush a worm, that lay wriggling in the path; or to feed assiduously Such is the prose version of the “Tales a nestful of bereaved young robins, of a Wayside Inn." The reader will ostensibly for the purpose of seeing how have already recognized the originals of much the birdlings would eat.
the Poet, Theologian, Student, Young The summer days were passed peace
Sicilian and Landlord who are so graphfully and pleasantly by the party at the ically described in the prelude of the quiet old inn. Musical was the murmur poem. With the exception of the landof the trout-stream in the woods hard lord, all these characters were personal by, soft and brilliant were the sunset friends of Mr. Longfellow's, and from skies, calm and bright the moonlight
them he received the details of their reevenings. And when the summer deep peated summerings at the Sudbury inn, ened into autumn, and the afternoons as well as the description of Lyman grew chill, a fire of logs was lighted in Howe, who was a very young man at the parlor, and many an hour passed in the time of the poet's visit. music and merriment that made the The Musician and the Jew of the rafters ring.
poem, though never actually in Howe's An appreciative listener, though a Tavern, were not creatures of the poet's somewhat timid conversationalist at brain, as has been said of all seven these evening gatherings, was Lyman characters, and even of the inn itself;
they were men personally known to Mr. Longfellow, and their characters introduced to give variety to the tales. The Spanish Jew, Edrehi, whose
eyes seemed gazing far away,
And saw the Jewish maidens dance, lived and died in Boston, where he was indeed a “vender of silks and fabrics rare," and other costly articles of oriental make. The fair-haired, blue-eyed Musician of the North, who is represented as interluding wild Scandinavian legends with the inspired strains of his violin, was no other than Ole Bull:
His figure tall and straight and lithe,
race. The charming descriptions of inn, landlord and guests, with the first seven tales, were first published in 1863. These comprised the inspiriting account of Paul Revere's Ride; the sad story of Ser Federigo's falcon; the triumph of Rabbi Ben Levi over the death-angel; the beautiful legend of King Robert of Sicily; the saga of the fierce bold Norse king, Olaf; the dreary, horrible Torquemada, and the pretty and musical Birds of Killingworth.
Nine years later appeared the seven tales supposed to have been told on the “Second Day," the rainy one. These
The Bell of Atri, that touching appeal in behalf of the brute creation; the Eastern tale of the Miser of Kambalu; the Cobbler of Hagenau; the ghostly Ballad of Carmilhan; Lady Wentworth; the Baron of St. Castine; and the justly named Legend Beautiful.
The “Aftermath,” or Third Part, soon followed. This included Azrael, another legend of the death-angel; the story of Emma and Eginhard; the Quaker-Colonial sketch, Elizabeth; the Monk of Casal-Maggiore; the warlike Scanderberg; Charlemagne; the quaint little ballad of Mother's Ghost; and the Rhyme of Sir Christopher.
Shortly after the completion of the poem, Longfellow made his second and last visit to the wayside inn. He found, alas, that the scene was changed and the
shrine desecrated. Lyman Howe had been gathered to his illustrious fathers, and as he had died a bachelor and the house had been sold at public auction, Miss Jerusha's parlor had been invaded by a vulgar throng, whose ruthless grasp appropriated and scattered its once revered contents. The finest of the old oaks before the door had disappeared, having been destroyed by a stroke of lightning; and the distinguished visitor, saddened, turned away.
It has been noticed that at the close of the poem there are five, not seven members of the inn party accounted for:
Two are beyond the salt sea-waves,
And three already in their graves. Ole Bull and Edrehi are omitted. The three who died before Longfellow's death were the Theologian, the Student and the Landlord. The first of these, Professor Treadwell, left a name renowned for scientific inventions, and to those who knew him well, the memory of his unaffected kindness. Henry W. Wales, the youth
.. of quiet ways, A student of old books and days, To whom all tongues and lands were known,
And yet a lover of his own— had lived in Rome for many years, where he became known as the “Prince of Wales," on account of the elegance of his establishment. At his death he bequeathed to Harvard College the valuable collections of books which had been “his pastime and delight."
The two characters who survived Longfellow are still living. One of these is Dr. Parsons, the Poet
whose verse Was tender, musical and terse, in Longfellow's estimation, and who has become famous by his metrical translation of Dante and other works.
The other, the Sicilian, Mr. Luigi Monti
In sight of Etna born and bred, is now a pale, white-haired gentleman, with intellectual face and genial manners. It is to his faithful memory that we are indebted for these details.
The wayside inn is still standing, but,
sad to teli, the immortalized Red Horse Tavern has been carefully renovated and regenerated into a show-place, where for a small consideration the tourist is ush
ered into the cheaply modernized and extremely unpicturesque parlor, and is told that here Longfellow sat while writing the poem.
THE ISLAND OF MALTA. It has been s:ated that the island of levied of ny kind, nor any insurance, Barbados, with an area of one hundred for the bui icings are absolutely fireproof; and sixty-six square miles, contains a there is no fire department to support. population of over one hundred and The buildings are of the soft Malta stone, seventy-five thousand souls, that is to and the builder scarcely needs any other say, an average of one thousand and tool than a hatchet and a square, for fifty-four people to the square mile, and the material is worked almost as easily that therefore the Barbados is the most as cheese. The island has no debt; per densely populated part of the earth. contra, it has upward of two hundred Permit me to present the claims of this and fifty thousand pounds invested in historic island of Malta for the peculiar | English funds. Honesty and economy dishonor of being even more densely popu tinguish the administration of this model lated than Barbados. The total extent little government. It is a so-called free of the land (or, more properly, rock), port, but its custom house receipts are surface of Malta is about ninety-five upwards of one hundred and forty thousquare miles, and the proportion of the sand pounds annually, and fifty or sixty population (exclusive of the British war thousand pounds of that total is derived forces and of the visitors or non-resi from the import duties on wheat, and dents) is, as near as can be estimated at
forty thousand pounds from the duties this date, one thousand five hundred to on wines and spirits. The laboring the square mile.
classes pay these duties, but they don't The city of Valetta contains the greatest
seem to know it! plethora of population-its area being Malta is one of the busiest and most about three-tenths of one square mile
important ports in the Mediterranean, and its population twenty-four thousand and in one year six thousand six hundred eight hundred and fifty-four, a propor
and seventy-five vessels were known to tion of seventy-eight thousand one hun arrive in the harbor. The following dred and fifty-seven persons to the
countries are represented in Malta by square mile. There is one specially
Consuls or Consuls-General: United populous quarter of Valetta known as the Manderaggio, whose area two and a
States, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Denhalf acres, wherein dwell two thousand
mark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, five hundred and forty-four persons-a
Morocco, Netherlands, Persia, Portugal,
Roumania, Russia, Spain, Sweden and proportion of six hundred and thirtysix thousand souls to the square mile.
Norway, Turkey and Tunis.
The real property of the island is, as Excluding the one-third of the island which is unsuitable for cultivation, and
near as possible, thus owned: one-third
by the church and her priests, one-third the area occupied by buildings, and the population of Malta reaches the enor
by the wealthier inhabitants, and one-third mous number of two thousand persons
by the British government, the latter suc
ceeding to the property formerly owned per square mile.
by the Knights of Malta. about one-third of its inhabitants. Never
The franchise has lately been extended, theless, the people are content and fairly
so that now about ten thousand of the prosperous. There are no direct taxes
inhabitants are privileged to vote for members of the council. The franchise
The island raises enough to support