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beautiful and very large islands at the beginning of the St. Lawrence. It is supposed that some French explorers, who went up the river about 1650, gave the region its present name, "Milles papers relating to De Conceile's and De Tracy's expeditions against the Mohawk Indians in 1666, the islands are complained of as obstructing navigation Troquois pilots. In the year 1620 a Captai n Ponchot described the region someafterwards published in Switzerland, and and descriptions of it, written and published from that time to the present. upon French artists, as one of the finest paintings that greet the eye of an American, on entering the Picture Gallery at Versailles, presents a view of these atWe find them occasionally in the
disaical in their beauty. Landscapes The "Canadian Boat Song,” by the great are the most varied and charming, the Isish poet, Thomas Moore, commencwater of the vast flowing river the ing: clearest and most placid, and the sky, "Faintly as tolls the evening chime the very azure vault of perfection, whose Our voices keep tune and our oars keep time," horizon encompasses one of the most was written in 1804, it is said, on Hart's delightful localities of earth. Let us
Island, in Alexandria Bay. During their learn something of its history and passage down the river James Fennimore romance, and sport awhile in this won Cooper and Washington Irving visited drous labyrinth of land and water. the Thousand Islands, and were faci
The region has a history which is full nated by them. Cooper makes them the of romantic interest. When it was first scene of some of the most interesting discovered by Europeans, they found it incidents of “The Pathfinder." a favorite resort of the red men, who During the past few years wherein the called it Manatoana, or garden of the Thousand Islands have suddenly become Great Spirit, because of the abundant one of the leading resorts for summer fish and game. Their tents were seen recreation, they have been prominent in dotting the islands and shores, and the current literature and pictorial illustheir canoes darting to and fro along the trations of the country. Newspapers
and magazines have made them the subThe river was discovered August 10, ject of many long and interesting articles; 1535, by Jacques Cartier, who named it reporters, essayists, romancers, poets St. Lawrence in honor of the saint whose and humorists have seemed to vie with feast is celebrated on that day. The each other in calling the attention of the first European who visited Lake Ontario public to this place of enchantment; and was Samuel Champlain, in 1615; and in his the consequence is that a vast and anmeagre descriptions he mentions some nually swelling tide of humanity flows
that way, and many linger there from early June until late October.
The first military post on Lake Ontario and the upper St. Lawrence was Fort
Frontenac, which was established by the or Thousand Islands. In the French, under the direction of Count
de Frontenac, in 1673, on the spot where Kingston now stands. During the French war in 1758 this post was captured by an
English army, commanded by Colonel mystifying the most experienced John Bradstreet, who crossed over from
Oswego. It then remained in British
possession until surrendered again to what minutely in his journal, which was the French, in whose possession it re
mained until a short time before the have been frequent allusions to, Revolution. Fort Carleton, the ruins of
which are seen upon the upper end of
Carleton Island, just below Cape VinPicturesque scenery of this spot also cent, was built under the direction of seems to have made a lasting impression General Carleton, as a British post, in
1777. During the Revolutionary war, and for some time afterwards, it was the principal military station on the lake. It was finally abandoned as a place of military defense in 1808. It remained in nominal
possession of the British until the beginpoetry and fiction of this latter period. ning of the war of 1812. The boundary
line between Canada and the United The lower portion is separated into two States was definitely settled in 1822. parts by the “Lake of the Island," which
The first steamboat appeared on Lake is connected with the river on the AmeriOntario and the St. Lawrence in 1817, can and Canadian sides by two narrow causing great excitement and demonstra channels. This quiet lake, three or tion among the people along the shores. four miles long, is fringed with rich Its name was the Oneida. In 1823 all foliage and occasional bold rocks, and is the islands in the state between Ogdens a favorite fishing and hunting resort. burg, on the St. Lawrence, and Grind Upon this island are the Methodist stone Island, in Lake Ontario, were camping grounds, and the large hotel, granted to Elisha Camp of Sacketts Har erected to accommodate the thousands bor, and all titles within these limits are who attend the annual camp meetings traced to this proprietor. The Patriot held there. Round Island near by War, which led to exciting military affords similar accommodations for the scenes and adventures on the St. Law Baptists who meet every year. rence, occurred in 1837-39. The British Many islands of lesser note are occusteamer “Sir Robert Peel” was fired and pied by their owners, who have in some burnt on the south side of Wells Island, instances spent fortunes in their improveon the night of May 29-30, 1838, and the ment. Cottages, of modern fantastic "Battle of the Windmill" occurred at architecture, are the rule, and upon the Prescott in November of the same year. grounds and outbuildings an endless
There are nearly two thousand of variety of taste is displayed in making these St. Lawrence islands, and perhaps them picturesque and beautiful. Island one thousand within six miles of Alex Royal, Warner Island, Pullman's Island, andria Bay, this being the central part owned by the palace car builder, and of by far the most beautiful and wonder occupied by luxurious buildings in which ful section of the river. They are nearly General Grant and family were enterall small, usually varying in size from a tained, Nobby, Rye, St. Elmo, Plantafew square yards of surface to several genet, Sport, Devil's Oven and scores of
Many of them are separated others are scenes of resplendent summer only by narrow channels, which are life, where the rich while away the hot generally deep, but sometimes shallow. days of July and August in the most Quiet and inviting little bays are found luxurious style of life to be imagined. here and there. All the islands are Summer evenings the islands are illumthickly studded with trees of rich foliage, inated with thousands of Chinese lanbut generally of moderate or stunted terns, festoons of colored lights stretchgrowth, many of which stand close to the ing across the channels, from island to water's edge, and afford cooling shade island, and when the soft silver glimmerto passing boatmen. In the bays and ing of the moonbeams illuminate the by the sides of the islands are excellent waters or cast deep shades of banks and fishing, bass and pickerel being the prin trees upon their surface, the ideal land cipal fish.
But the famous muskallonge of enchantment is discovered. Excuris sufficiently numerous to warrant the sions upon small steamboats, threading fishermen in expecting an electric bite the narrow channels, darting into picfrom him at any moment, which will put turesque bays, rounding jutting capes his strength and skill to their utmost and silently floating upon the open test.
breast of the wider channels are most Wells Islands is the largest of the facinating, and are made the delight of group. It is eight miles long, and from fairyland, by the sweet strains of the a few feet to four miles wide. Portions stringed bands secluded between decks. of it have been cultivated as farms for Dancing, feasting, boating and fishing the last half century. Other parts are are the occupation of tourists, and as charmingly wooded, and some of its they indulge in these the bracing air and rock features are exceedingly picturesque. the rest from care and labor restore ex
have read a good book, to sit down and and Gibbon and Daniel Webster did. would take a pen and write roughly what questions they expected to find answered in it, what difficulties solved, what kind of information imparted. Such practices keep us from reading with the eye only, gliding vaguely over the page, and they with theology, either in dignity or importance, it justly claims to be the favorite study of every person endowed with true taste and solid judgment. From the time religion has employed pens without numlaying down true and wholesome doctrines, which would be a safe guide to
hausted nerves, build up broken constitui- ¡ help us to place our new acquisitions in tions and lure back to health and energy relation with what we knew before. It the tired laborers in all the vocations of is almost always worth while to read a life, who seek this famous resort which thing twice over, to make sure that nothnature has so lavishly prepared for their ing has been missed or dropped on the enjoyment and repose.
way, or wrongly conceived or inter"The Thousand Isles, The Thousand Isles, preted. And if the subject be serious, it Dimpled the wave around them smiles. is often well to let an interval elapse. Kissed by a thousand red-lipped flowers, Ideas, relations, statements of fact are Gemmed by a thousand emerald bowers, not to be taken by storm. We have to A thousand birds their praises wake,
steep them in the mind, in the hope of Ry rocky glade and plumy brake,
thus extracting their inmost essence and A thousand cedars' fragrant shade
significance. If one lets an interval Falls where the Indians' children played, And fancy's dream my heart beguiles
pass, and then returns, it is surprising
how clear and ripe that has become, While singing thee, The Thousand Isles."
which, when we left it, seemed crude, De Pallibus.
obscure, full of perplexity. All this takes
trouble, no doubt; but then it will not HOW TO READ.-John Morley says: do to deal with ideas that we find in "Nobody can be sure that he has got
books and elsewhere as a certain bird clear ideas on a subject unless he has does with its eggs-leave them in the tried to put them down on a piece of sand for the sun to hatch and chance to paper, in independent words of his own.
rear. People who follow this plan posIt is an excellent plan, too, when you sess nothing better than ideas half
hatched and convictions reared by acciwrite a short abstract of what you can dent. They are like a man who should remember of it. It is a still better plan,
pace up and down the world in the if you can make up your minds to a slight delusion that he is clad in sumptuous extra labor, to do what Lord Stafford
robes of purple and velvet, when in truth
he is only half-covered by the rags and over the title, subject, or tatters of other people's cast-off clothes." design of a book, these eminent men
Nature will nurse what we plant with care,
And so will time what we do or say,
And we to know it some future day;
Or only weeds, to be cast away?
a Deity. That task is far above my abilities. I propose only a slight and imperfect sketch, which I shall glory in,
however imperfect, if it excite any one Writing was invented, the subject of of superior talents to handle the subject
more clearly. And yet how many have failed in That there are beings, one or many,
powersul above man, has been generally
believed among the various tribes of men; Student in even the first of these notwithstanding what is reported of some
gross savages, and the increasing growth of infidelity in our day. The belief in superior powers, in every country where there are words in the language to express it, is well vouched. Eve the grossest idolators afford evidence of such belief. No nation can be so brutish as to worship a stone, merely as such. The visible object is always supposed to be connected with some invisible power. The ancient Egyptians were not idiots, to worship a bull or a cat merely as such; the divine honors were paid to a deity supposed to reside in these animals. In the same manner the sun-worship of some savage tribes is not properly the sun that is worshiped, but some deity supposed to dwell in that luminary. Taking it, then, for granted that belief in superior powers has been long universal, the question arises, "From what cause does this belief come?" A belief so universal and so permanent in different ages cannot proceed from chance, but must have causes operating constantly and invariably upon all men in all ages. Philosophers centuries ago, who believed the world to be self-existent, and imagined it and its natural laws to be the Deity, though without intelligence, endeavored to account for the belief in superior powers, from the terrors that thunder and other elementary convulsions raise in savages; and thence conclude that such a belief is no evidence of a Deity. Thus Lucretius writes: "When dread convulsions rocked the lab'ring
earth, And livid clouds first gave the thunder birth, Instinctive fear within the human breast
The first ideas of God impressed." If the author quoted means that such perceptions proceed from fear solely, I wish to be informed from what source is derived the belief we have of a superior Benevolent Being Fear cannot be the
The student of history knows that though malevolent deities might first have been recognized among savages, yet in the progress of society, the existence of benevolent deities was universally believed.
If the belief were founded solely on fear, it would die away gradually as men improved in the know
ledge of causes and effects.
In proportion, as the human understanding ripens, the belief of a deity turns more and more firm and authoritative. Those whose views have been enlarged and made more penetrating by proper influence and observation would say that the operations of nature and the perfect government of this world, which loudly proclaims a Deity, is sufficient to open the eyes of the grossest savage, and convince him that there is a Deity. To prove the argument, I might relate a conversation between a Greenlander and a Danish Missionary,recorded in an old history of Greenland of more than a hundred years ago:
"It is true," said the Greenlander, "we were ignorant heathens, and knew little of a God till you came. But you must not imagine that no Greenlander thinks about these things. A kajak (a Greenlander's boat) with all its tackle and implements cannot exist but by the labor of man, and one who does not understand it would spoil it; but the meanest bird requires more skill than a kajak, and no man can make a bird. There is a little more skill required to make a man; by whom, then, was he made? He proceeded from his parents, and they from their parents. But some must have been the first parents—whence did they proceed? Reports say that they grew out of the earth. If so, why do not men still grow out of the earth? And from where came the earth itself, the sun, the moon, the stars? Certainly there must be some Being who made all these things, a Being more wise than the wisest man.
The reasoning here from cause to effect is stated with simplicity and precision; and, were all men equally penetrating, such reasoning might be sufficient. There are moments in the lives of even those who are prone to be skeptical and infidel, that prove to us their fears of the vengeance of a Supreme Being. Alphonso, King of Naples, was a cruel and tyrannical prince. He drove his people to despair with oppres. sive taxes, treacherously assassinated several of his nobles, and loaded others with chains. During prosperity his con
science gave him little disquiet; but in night, and say if you can, “There is no adversity his crimes stared him in the God.” Allow that fearful blasphemy to face, and made him believe that his dis escape from you, and the glittering of tresses came from the hand of God as a each bright orb above will cause your just punishment. He was terrified to conscience to reproach you. Every flutdistraction when Charles VIII of France ter of the wind will lament over you. approached with a numerous army; he Only man, the proud lord of creation, deserted his kingdom, and fled to hide has dared to ignore the source from himself from the face of God and man. which he came, and by whom he lives
The theory of infidels is that the world, and moves. Yet, look how "fearfully composed of animals, vegetation and and how wonderfully is he made." brute matter, is self-existent, and that all Every muscle, tendon and part performevents happen by a necessary chain of ing their proper functions-surpassing causes and effects. Though infinite the most perfect mechanism. The eternal wisdom and benevolence are conspicu truth is plainly written on every page of ous in every part of the creation, yet the the whole creation, in unmistakable great work of planning and executing language. There is a Being, whose the whole is understood by these so wisdom is without limit, who reigns over called "Free Thinkers" to have been all, and from whom all life, light and done blindly, without intelligence or con blessings flow.
C. F. Olson. trivance. How highly improbable and absurd is the theory, assumed at pleas
Purity is the feminine, truth the masure, and left naked to the world without
culine of honor.-Ilare. the least cover or support.
Van alone has said, “There is no God;" A great man is he indeed whose heart all nature proclaims, "There is a God.” is large, but with no room in it to hold Go out beneath the azure canopy of the memory of a wrong.
A BEAR STORY. I had been employed by an eastern peace, and the wild beasts seemed to millionaire to gather a cabinet of mineral avoid us entirely. There had been a specimens, and on the twenty-first day of light snow fall on the sixteenth of the October, was ready to break camp at month, and on the eighteenth, ice formed Long's Peak, Colorado. A hunter and
in our water pail.
The nineteenth, mountaineer named Abraham Skinner twentieth and twenty-first were beautiful and I had been hidden away in that wild warm days, however, something like the and dismal locality for two months. We Indian summers of the east, and we had had been splendidly outfitted, having no fear of not being able to reach Denver, each a horse and pack mule, the best of which was only sixty miles away. Owing firearms, and plenty of provisions, and to the roughness of the country, this our mission had been a success.
We distance would consume at least three had discovered many rich and rare spec
days. imens, and before turning in on the night
We had continued our camp in one of the twenty-first, the packs were made place, having built a pretty substantial up ready for the animals on the morrow. log house, and provided it with a fireWe had been pasturing our horses in a place. As the pasturage around the long and narrow valley, which furnished place was gradually eaten up, we moved an abundance of grass, and was watered the horses and mules farther and farther by several springs, and nothing whatever away, and on this, which we felt was our had disturbed them or us. We had little last night, they were at least half a mile fear of the Indians, who were then at up the valley. But for the immunity