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to cling to the butterfly, and extract its life whose apparent appropriations are quite as juices. Thus it is plain that these pests must likely to be unconscious as intentional. As become a terrible drain on the butterfly's sys- Stevenson very happily puts it : “We authors tem, and it is in self-defence driven to this all rearrange that matter of observed life with most effectual, though apparently very un. which our memories are charged, and the most natural, procedure of taking a bath—for tak. we can mean by the word invention is some ing to the water is about the last thing that happy congruity or surprise in the manner of most of us would expect of so fragile a crea- arranging it." ture as a butterfly.- Pittsburgh Leader.

There are few topics or even ideas which

can be termed truly original, and writers of LITERARY RESEMBLANCES.-It has been as the present day can do little more than imserted by a famous author that we all come prove the diction of older authors. And of into the world too late to produce anything those older writers, Emerson says : “ The new-that nature and life are preoccupied, originals are not original. There is an imitaand that description and sentiment have long tion model, and suggestions to the very arch. since been exhausted. To the same intent an angels, if we knew their history." Bourdil. eloquent lecturer has said : “Many of the lon, at Oxford, was familiar with Latin literagems of Shakespeare are older than all his- ture, and made himself famous by his eight tory, while Bulwer borrowed the incidents of lines, beginning : his Roman stories from legends of a thousand

“ The night has a thousand eyes, years before. In the nations of modern Eu

The day but one ; rope there have been less than 300 distinct

Yet the light of the bright world dies stories, most of which may be traced before With the dying sun." Christianity to the other side of the Black But not in Greek or Roman imagery can be Sea. Even our newspaper jokes are enjoying found so probable a source for this beautiful a very respectable old age. A popular anec. thought as exists in the works of the Swedish dote is from · Don Quixote,' and is Spanish, poet, Tegner, who, in the early part of our but Cervantes borrowed it from the Greeks in century, wrote these words : the fourth century, and the Greeks stole it from the Egyptians hundreds of years back.”

“ Honor the King ; let one man rule with But not to mention plagiarism or literary

might,

Day has but one eye, many has the night." theft at all, there is frequently a marked resemblance between the writings of our most One of the most singular instances of the famous authors that is as accidental as it is expression of the same idea by authors of ununavoidable. Even Stevenson, who has been doubted originality is perhaps the following: held up as a model of originality, states that Shakespeare, in Henry V., says, “ If he be he was surprised to find in Irving's “ Tales of not fellow with the best king, thou shalt find a Traveller" the very prototype of one of his him the best king of good fellows.” Pope, in own most striking characters, “ his very voice, his “ Dunciad,” embodies a similar idea in manner, talk, sabre cut, and sea-chest.” He this line : "A wit with dunces, and a dunce had read Irving years before, and had appar. with wits." Samuel Johnson strikes out as ently forgotten him, but in writing" Treasure follows : “ This man I thought had been a Island” unconsciously revived, in the person lord among wits, but I find he is only a wit of Billy Bales, an old creation of Washington among lords.” Cowper has it : “A fool with Irving's. In another instance the same writer judges, among fools a judge." Of Napoleon, says, regarding a certain scene which he Walter Scott said : “Although too much of a fondly imagined he had invented, that he was soldier among sovereigns, no one could claim informed the outlines of the scene, even to with better right to be a sovereiga among the names of the three principal characters, soldiers ;" while Macaulay, in his “Life of were to be found in Pitcairn's " Criminal Addison," says : "He was a rake among scholTrials,” which he had doubtless read years ars and a scholar among rakes." before. It is the frequency of such instances A striking but undoubtedly accidental reas these that leads to many of the charges of semblance has been noted between Mrs. plagiarism preferred against our most reputa- Browning and Edgar A. Poe, which extends, ble authors, whose minds are necessarily however, to but one line. In one of her stored with the results of wide reading, and poems the former says :

“ With a rashing stir uncertain, in the air, Whittier, writing also of the sea, says: the purple curtain."

“They kneel upon the sloping sand, While in " The Raven” Poe has it :

As bends the human knee,

A beautiful and tireless band, And of the silken, sad uncertain, rustling of

The priesthood of the sea, each purple curtain."

They pour their glittering treasures out

Which in the deep have birth." George Herbert wrote: “No sooner is a temple built to God, but the devil builds a Tennyson gave expression to a thought that chapel hard by.” Burton, a contemporary, the world welcomed when he wrote : in his “ Anatomy of Melancholy," says :

" 'Tis better to have loved and lost " Where God hath a temple, the devil will

Than never to have loved at all." have a chapel.” Nathaniel Drummond, a Scottish poet, pat the idea in a poetic form : But prior to the appearance of “In Memori.

am," the late Lord Houghton had written a « God never had a church but there, men say, short poem, which concludes as follows :

The devil a chapel bath raised by some wiles.

“ He who for love has undergone I doubted of this saw, till on a day

The worst that can befall,
I westward spied great Edinburgh's Saint Is happier thousandfold than one
Giles."

Who never loved at all." Half a century later Defoe expressed the idea Again, Tennyson sadly sang : in the form in which it is now generally

“ That a sorrow's crown of sorrows quoted :

Is remembering happier things." " Wherever God erects a house of prayer The devil always builds a chapel there."

But Dante had long before expressed this

thought in A somewhat singular literary coincidence has been pointed out as existing between Mrs.

“No greater grief than to remember days

Of joy, when misery is at hand." Burnett's “Little Lord Fauntleroy” and a story called “ The Red Rose Knights," which Attention was called to the strange coinci. was published in Chatterbox in the year 1883. dence of thought in the final stanza of poems In both stories titled boys come from foreign by Whittier and Tennyson, each comparing countries to ancestral homes situated in large his own death to a summons to set sail upon parks. Each arrived unaccompanied by his the sea of eternity. Whittier wrote: parents. The fathers are dead. One boy is

" I know the solemn monotone called Lord Fauntleroy, the other Sir Flor.

Of waters calling unto me; ence. In each home a guardian only is pro I know from whence the airs have blown vided -no lady appears. The boys are pic That whisper of the eternal sea. tured as wearing flowing curly hair, dressing As low my fires of driftwood burn, in black velvet and lace collars, and as straight

I hear that sea's deep sounds increase,

And, fair in sunset light, discern and handsome. This is in all probability a Its mirage lifted isles of peace.” mere accidental resemblance, but sufficiently odd to deserve mention.

And Tennyson, in his exquisite "Crossing Many years ago attention was called to the the Bar” : resemblance in many respects between Whit. “Twilight and evening bell, tier's " Worship of Nature," and an old poem And, after that-the dark ! called “The Temple of Nature,” which he

And may there be po sadness of farewell

When I embark ; had undoubtedly read and re-read in his early

For tho' from out our bourne of time and days. In “The Temple of Nature'' we have : place

The floods may bear me far, " The ocean heaves resistlessly,

I hope to see my pilot face to face
And pours his glittering treasures forth, When I have crossed the bar."
His waves - the priesthood of the sea,
Kneel on the shell gemmed earth—"

- Detroil Free Press.

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CONTENTS.
I. Constantinople as an IIistoric City. By FREDERIC
HARRISON...

... Fortnightly Review....... 721 II. Modern Habits and Customs. By LADY Cook, . Westminster Review 735 III. Religion and Morality. By COUNT LEO TOLSTOI... ..Contemporary Review.. ... 748 IV. Early Social Self-Government. By Sir John SIMON... Nineteenth Century.... 760

V. Emerson's Meeting with De Quincey. By P. L. ....... Blackwood's Magazine.... 768
VI. The Evolution of the Daughters. By Mrs. SHELDON
Amos.....

. Contemporary Review..... 777 VII. Quotation.....

.. Temple Bar'.....

781 VIII. The Origin of Cultivation. By GRANT ALLEN. ..... ....Fortnightly Revier.. 788 IX. Modern Surgery. By Hugu PERCY DUNN, F.R.C.S....Nineteenth Century... 798 X. The Shadow of Death. By C. STEIN...

Blackwood's Magazine, ... 812 | XI. Hachisch Eating...,

Cornhill Magazine.. 821 XII. When Life Stirs. By “A SON OF THE MARSHES.". .. National Review..

825 XIII. The Sweet Tioth..

. Cornhill Magazine. .. 827 XIV. And One Unknown...

Temple Bar....

834 XV. Green : Its Symbolism..

..Chambers's Journal.. 838 XVI. Some Skylark Poems. By JAMES ASHCROFT NOBLE. ... Leisure Hour....

840 XVII. Life in the Sage-Brush Lands of Southern California. By GEORGE H. 'BAILEY..

.Gentleman's Magazine.... 844 XVIII. Begging Letters and their Writers..

Macmillan's Magazine. . 851 XIX. FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES...

858 XX. MISCELLANY

859

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