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Anno 1576.


The names of them that were called were these.
Sir Thomas Palmer, the el- Henry Gosford, of Stansted
der, knt.

Lodge, gent.
409 William Shelly, of Michel Jasper Gunter, gent.
Grove, esq.

John Navye, of Racten, yeo-
Rich. Shelley, late of Worm-
inghurst, gent.

John Bickley, gent.
Thomas Lewknor, of Selsey, John Riman, gent.

One Hare, of Mr. Carrell's
Wm. Dawtre, of Moor, esq. house.
Richard Ernly, esq.

Scot, of Iden.
Jeffrey Pole.

One Tichbourn, of Durford,
Edw. Gage, of Rentley, esq.
John Gage, of Firles, esq.

Cryer, parson of Westmeston.
Tho. Gage, of Firles, esq.

Gray, parson of Withian. Edward Gage, of Firles, esq. The curate of Shepley. George Gage, of Firles, esq. John Taylor, parson. And J. Shelley, of Pateham, esq. Dr. Bayley. With others.

But for summoning so many, he seemed to have some reprimand from above. For which he made his vindication afterwards, as we shall see.


The articles were these. I. How often have you been at common prayer in your parish church, since the first of January, 1575, last ?

II. How often have you been partaker of the sacrament,
otherwise cæna dominica, since the same time?
III. How

sermons have

you heard since the same
IV. Whether do


letters or money, or receive any letters, from such as be fled beyond seas ?

V. Whether have you any of the books of Harding, Stapleton, Rastal, Saunders, Marshal, or of such others as be supposed to be beyond the seas, and answered by the learned father, bishop Jewel, or some other learned men of the religion; or of such as they have answered, printed without their answers ? VI. Whether do you keep in your house any

that come


not at all to common prayer: or, whether do you

dwell in CHAP. the house of any that do not come; or doth receive any books or pictures from such as be beyond the seas, since the Anno 1576. first of January, 1575 ?

This visitation was the more carefully managed by the His method bishop aforesaid, by diligent inquisition after the disaffected of proceedin religion ; because of certain letters sent from the privy them. Pa

per-office. council, and some orders of the ecclesiastical commission. The proceedings and effects whereof, with the discreet method used, the bishop thought fit, the next month, to acquaint the lords withal, to this tenor: “ That it might please their “ honours to understand the true circumstances of his late “ proceedings in the matters of religion. That in his late “ visitation, the ministers, and others of that country, com

plained to him, that divers had come out of Kent, Surrey, " and Hampshire, not sound in religion. And that of late 410

some of them in that country waxed worse and worse. “ Whereupon he thought it his duty to deal with them. “ And for the better countenancing and strengthening his “ ordinary jurisdiction, he mentioned their lordships' let

ters, and the authority of the high commission : yet using “ his own ordinary authority. And thinking with himself “ that he might be both blamed and charged, if he called

some, and left out others, he thought good to cite them “all: yet with these cautions and promises, (which in his

opinion might satisfy all reasonable persons,) first, that if “ any knew himself clear, he might certify him (the bishop) “ under the hand of the curate and churchwarden of the “ parish ; and then he should not need to appear. Se“ condly, if any hereafter meant to conform themselves,

notwithstanding any thing past, if they did but write to “ him, he released them also from appearance. Thirdly, if

any were not yet satisfied, and would be content to admit 6 charitable and learned conference; if they would but “ come to him the day before, they should have that time “ and respite which they could reasonably desire. As di“ vers did, and had it accordingly granted. And such only " to appear, who refused all these. And that for such as



date April



BOOK “refused them all, and appeared otherwise than they need

“ed, he granted them both copies of the articles, and what Appo 1576. “ else either for time or manner they themselves desired.

“ Concluding, thus in most humble and hearty wise he be“ seeched the Almighty long to preserve their honours, to “ the maintenance of the gospel, Ri. Cicestren.” It bore

1577. Public ma But popery was discovered yet nearer the court; mass at the ambassador of being publicly said in the Portugal ambassador's house, at Portugal's the Charter-house, many English, the queen's subjects,

being present at it, the Spanish ambassador being there. Fleetwood, the recorder of the city, hearing thereof, and by order, as it seems, of the lord treasurer Burghley, fro court, interrupted them, while they were at their ceremony. Upon complaint whereof made by the said ambassador to the queen, she was so complaisant as to command the recorder to be committed ; and ordered the lords of her privy council to inquire more particularly into the matter, that so she might the better and more fully understand it, and be able to give the ambassador (who made a great clamour) a more absolute answer. Whereupon the lords of the council appointed the lord keeper, the lord treasurer, and sir

Walter Mildmay, chancellor of the exchequer, to take the The privy examination of this matter: writing thus to them; “ After council's letter about

our hearty commendations to your good lordships. Her the said am-“ majesty being given to understand, that the ambassador bassador's complaint

“ of Portugal doth not rest satisfied with the punishment for being “ extended by her highness' order upon the recorder; indisturbed.

sisting greatly upon the outrage committed by the said “recorder, in the manner of his proceeding, in the late "search made by him of the said ambassador's house; as, “ the beating the porter, the entering in with naked swords, “ the laying violent hands upon the lady his wife, the tak

“ ing of the host and chalice, and the breaking open of 411 “ certain doors; and such other like violences; wherewith

“ the said ambassador hath acquainted you, the lord trea

surer: she thinketh it very convenient, lest happily he might aggravate the matter more than there is cause, that


“ due examination be made by you of the said particularities, CHAP.

by calling before you, as well such strangers as you can “ learn were there, (not being of the ambassador's family,) Anno 1576.

as also such others as accompanied the said recorder, “ whom you shall think fit to be examined in that matter. “ Which examination being by you taken, her pleasure is, you shall send hither with all speed; to the end, that

thereupon her majesty may be the better able to answer, “ in case he shall urge any further satisfaction. And so “ we bid your lordships heartily farewell. From Hampton “ Court, the 7th of November, 1576.

« E. Lincoln. T. Sussex. Arundel.
“A. Warwyke. R. Leycester. Fra. Walsingham.”

The more regard was now given to this ambassador, be- The recorcause he was ready to depart, having concluded upon a liffs sent to traffick between both nations. So that the sheriffs and the the Fleet. recorder were sent for before the council; before whom they spake for themselves. And the lords made a true report thereof to her majesty. And at their return they said to them, that they had done but according to law: yet notwithstanding, for honour's sake, and that now seigneur Giraldo was upon his despatch; and for that by his good means there was an honourable conclusion of traffick brought to pass: therefore it was thought meet by her majesty that they should go to the Fleet. And thereupon, at the board, they received their warrant to Mr. Warden of the Fleet, to receive them. All this the recorder writ out of the Fleet the same day, (November 7,) wherein they were committed, to the lord treasurer: and lastly, thanking him for his great care for their well doing; and that he would thank the lords, who did as much at that present as possibly they could. But the queen's will must stand.

The lord treasurer had, by a postscript to the council's order, advised the recorder to give a just and true relation of this whole matter in writing. And accordingly so he did, accompanied with bis letter: which letter, with his declara


BOOK tion at large of his proceedings, I will set down from the

very original, that the merits of the cause may more fully Anno 1576. appear: together with other passages, not unworthy our

taking notice of.
The recor- In his letter he shewed the treasurer, together with the
der's vindi-
cation of lord keeper, and the chancellor of the exchequer, “ That
what he had “ he had required Mr. Spinola, [a merchant in London,]

“ in time past, to give seignior Giraldie (that was the am-
“ bassador's name) counsel to amend divers things that
“ were amiss; and especially touching the repair of these

“ lewd people, the queen's subjects, that came to his mass.
412“ That seignior Giraldie said to his friends, that he [the

“ recorder] bare him malice, and that he did this for malice.
“ Upon which occasion he used these words: My lord, I
“refer that to God and your lordship's own conscience, I
“ never said we heard that your lordship ever touched any
“ man for malice; and I thank God even from my heart,
“ that I never used any man living with any malicious deal-
“ings. He added, that seignior Giraldie's faults were such,
“ that he did not only malice, but did abhor. Our Lord
“ make him a virtuous man. And then he beseeched his

lordship to thank Mr. Warden [of the Fleet] for his most
“ friendly and courteous using of him. And he thanked
“ God for it, that he was quiet, and lacked nothing that he

his bedfellow were able to do for him; and that it was a place where a man might quietly be acquainted with “ God. And so prayed the Lord God to bless his good lordship, the lord keeper, and sir Walter Mildmay. It

dated the 9th of November." His infor- Then he began his information touching his proceedings mation of

in the Portugal ambassador's house, with this preface, that done at the he had, according to the lord treasurer's postscript, writ dor's house,

with his own hand, set down (and sure he was thereof) the

very truth, without adding or informing any thing more or saying. less than the simplicity of the matter was in action.

“ Upon Sunday last, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, “ Mr. Sheriff Kimpton and Mr. Sheriff Barnes, and I, the “ recorder, did repair unto the Charter-house; and knock



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