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eth nothing, the grounds of which he the moft beautiful Aru&ures, in of cannot perfe&tly understand. Why der to build themselves a reputation then muft he be a Chriftiao? no man out of the ruins. A superior genius, is now compelled to come in, nor though he seems to kindle a wide more obliged to be a Chriftian,than a horizon of light all about him, and Free-maron; the belief of it is not ne- is admired by the underftanding part cessary to his advancement in life, of mankind, yet he moft exped to be for his progress in any profeffion; the occasion of a great many absurdiwe know, that he may be a lawyer ; ties, with which the unknowing and a phyfician, or even a DIVINE with onvious will strive to satyrize him : out it. If, on an impartial eaquiry As the sun scatters day through a he is a religious and moral deift, why whole frame of worlds, but yet may, not own it? Such were Socrates, Pla« in some particular spots, raise a fog, to and Cicero ; and it is ftill a charac. or hatch a neft of vermin. To conter by no means disgraceful to a vir clude, the science of correct writing tuous man. I blame no one for want having been a subject exhausted by of faith, but for want of fincerity ; so many able hands, and seeing all nor for being no chriftian, but for the rabble of scriblers are such indir pretending to be one, without believ. putable proficients in it; not to ing. The professed Deift gives Chrif. mention my own incapacity for such tianity fair play; if the cannot defend an undertaking ; I thall not be so herseif, let her fall ; but the rational vain as to offer my tboughts upon it: Chriftian affallinates her in the dark; But I shall apply my labours at this the first attacks Christ, as did the time, to an ornament of a contrary multitude, with swords and staves; nature, which is a theme entirely the latter, like Judas, betrays him new, namely, The art of writing in with a kiss.
This, I take it, is a Work that I Clamorem immenfum tollit, quo am excellently well qualified for,and pontus et omnes
I doubt not but to convince the Intremuere undæ, penitusque ex world that I am a perfect master of territa tellus
my subje&t. lo the prosecution of Italiæ, curvisque immugiit Ætna this useful design, I shall Mow the cavernis,
excellency of incorrect writing in Virg. Æneid. general; fall lay open the several HERE have been innumer. artifices, by which a man of compeable authors, from Arifto tent abilities, may, with proper aptle's Rhetorick to Longi- plication, attain to a tolerable degree
nus's Treatise of the Su. of perfection in it ; I shall produce bl'me, and from thence down to the pertinent examples from writers, of compiler of our modern Horn book, undoubted eminence in that improvwho have written introductions to the ing Science: And in the last place, I art of polite writing. Every one that may possibly address the world with can just diftingu th his twenty four a very pathetick exhortation, to folletters sets up for a judge of it; as all low the instructions which I Thall who are able to Aourish a goose's give them, in order to accomplish quill, pretend to be masters of that themselves in the art of incorrect secret,' The noblest productions have writing. In fhort, I intend to entergiven birth to many a supercilious tain the publick, with a regular crie caveller; criticks of all sizes and de- ticism upon Nonsense. mensions have nibled round the di.
(To be continued.) vineft pages ; and ignorance and conceit have endeavoured to shake down
Ellay ex she SPLEEN. certain university, who, by the long
ftudy of sounds, came to fancy him. THE (pleen is atyrannical diftem- self a bell; and claiming kindred to I per, which, in defance of rea. all brass pots and kettles, ftruck three foo, rules os by fancy ; for it is evi- of his maid's teeth down her throat, deot, that though the painful folly of for 'aming a little swarthy cousin of this pertubation of mind be obvious his called a Saucepan. I thall never to commoa senre, yet the greatest forget an ingenious doctor of phyfic, reale cannot cure it. It makes us who was so ealous of the honor of his fick wuthout disease, and angry with whiskers, which he was pleased to out provocation ; we feel tortures 'chriften, 'Theemblems of his virility," where there is no pain, and see terrors that he resolutely made the sun shine where there is no danger. To pre- through every unhappy cat that ilt tend to remove it by argument and fate threw in bis way. He magnancoadderation, is, by the remedy, to imously professed, that his spirit increase the disease; it is fed by re- could not brook it, that any cat in fection, and serious thoughts are fu. Christendom, noble or ignoble, should el to it. It is therefore to reafon, what rival the reputation of his upper lip. the gout is to physicians, the bane In every other respect our physician and disgrace of it.
i was a well bred person, and, which When one is under the frong in is as wonderful, underftood Latin, Apeace of this malady, I know not But we see the deepest learning is no waether a rigorous application to re- charm against the spleen. ligion be advisable ; fince it is the As the ladies rival the men in moft Bature of it to fill the head with fana. things, and out shine them in all, they tidím, or the mind with despair ; lor, have run away with an elder brother's as I believe, the spleen will, upon fair part, even of the spleen. It seems to trial, be found answerable for most have taken a liking to their conftituof the self-murders that have been tions, and even kills them with its committed, so I doubt not, but all company and kindness ; for this hardevotional ravings, wild vifions, and py has a nice ftomach, and loves to idle prophecies, may be honestly laid prey upon female feth. It is thereto the same parent. How many tomes fore no wonder that so many of them of divinity have been begotten by the look wan and withered, when they vapours? Such systems are the gloo. are forced to give suck and nourishmy dreams of melancholy minds, who ment to a glutton, that is ever feed. cloath religion with the blackness, ing, but never full. giddiness, and anguish of their own But they hear this diftemper, not solitary spirits.
only with contentment but triumph: La consututions where this humor. for it is the mode ; and a queen's oas difiernper prevails, it is surprizing handkerchief, a monkey, and a pretty how Irifiog a matter will endame it. fellow, are not more fashionable. I have koown a gentleman of the There's the swimming Mrs. Armful, foeft understanding more difturbed who has cheeks like a pair of globes, by filliog of a spider, than he would and eats two pounds of pudding at a have been at the death of a coach- meal, besides roz'l beef and custard, Lorse. There was a melancholy old and yet is so bewitched with an une fellow, who being a great smoaker, natural love of the spleen, that neibad ser his heart so much upon to ther her bulk por her ftomach can bacco-pipes, that to have broken one Mame her out of it. It is not much in his presence would certainly have other wife with Mirs Biddy, her coll you a broken head. He is said daughter, who romps, and laughs, to base consulted a civilian, whether and leaps over Rools, and then cries, he could not be divorced from his Oh, the vapeurs ! I freely grant there wife, because die had been the der are many fashionable females, who trusion of half a dozen of there his need not be at thrleaft pains to conbeloved tube hy fitting down upon vince us, that they are troubled with there. And I could likewise menti- spleen and peevithoers; or, if they on a professor of mathematics, in a please, with the vapours. That mo
din merchant's wife must have been etry into my ear ; for it alvöays turi over head and ears in the fashion,who my homach, and puts me into a na going one morning to church, and perverle humour. I know he canni perceiving a drop at the poor reader's help it; for by long obiervation nore, went home and miscarries, and find, that as soon as the heat of a god never went to church fince. My la coal fire in fpires his pofteriors, his w dy Pepper is a very fond wife, but and verses rise forcibly from belo very apt not to sleep at nights, and and bubble in great profusion out to wonder that Thomas will not keep his mouth.
I bimself awake, and divert her; but To conclude with a piece of advi Thomas is not always in the humour: and a moral, I cannot but think however, nadam never fails by seve- opposite to good-nature to be ang ral arts and motions, to interrupt his at a splenetic ; his rearon is surper quiet and snoring. He being in years, ed by his distemper ; and while loves reft better than he should do ; bires his lips and nails' he punifi and, to obtain it, is grown cunning himself upon himself. and spiteful;for, when he would avoid there nocturnal hints and persecutions, he always picks a quarrel with Thoughts on Patience. my lady's parror; and one cross word to that favourite fowl is sure to enti- MALL errors in first principi tle him to sleep in lazyness and recu- lead to astonishing differences rity for a fortnight together. In the remote consequences. No two c begigning of May lall, the politicold rafters can be more unequal in nat fellow had a piod to live a lingle life and value, than the man who p for some time; and, to procure it,told ently bears only the evils which madam, one day, as he was discours- cannot remove or remedy, and put ing to Poll, "Damn yonr parrot ! through them into manly and sa he's as hoarse as a raven.” It was duties; and the rolitary Anchor enough! The baronet had his bed to or the Hermit,' who bear's and himself all rummer long; but I ani nies himself, until he is totally usel told, that he had the goodness, in the in hopes of being rewarded in E rog.day's, to be friends with his wise ven. and the parrot. Who does not pity What God designs fhould beci the gentle counters? By the tragical of us after death; whether the p Mutting of a door, her monkey lofta and principles, of which we are so joint of bis tail, and the an heir to the ed, are to be re-united with a carl's estate. ;
sciousues of former exiftence, So easy is it to put these puny crea! with a design to carry on the tuies into spieen, that is, into the provements we have made here fathion, I am apt to think their hur. to be diffipated among the com bands, and their servants, would pass stock of materials, which are cc their time of vartalage with much nually made use of by his Almis incre peace and resignation, if there power, and infinite wisdom ; are ivorouga-bred ladies were not quite the present state of things, quef so mod:11.
of great importance, because Ii Iinay speak of myself towards affeat the very nature and princ iberear of this essay, I must own, of man's morality. The virtues inat as good a paturēd civil person as effentially different, which pro I am, the spleen is now and then too from a disposition to be happy i hiid for me ; nothing is ro apt to and those which refer their effe& *fting me into it as harth noises and another world. 'vacouth sounds; a low-gelder's horr, We may instance in patience, w or a poe:'s repeating his own verses, a Heathen philosopher would derc Lever mises to rer my fpirit and my thus: teeth ou edge. Let this warn a little" To support ill with patienc gentleman with a great voice, who ge. not only consonant to reason, bu nerally stands with his back to ile leviates the ills for the present, Lre, lict to pour any more of his po. entirely heals them for the du
The fick man, who is vexed at his Shakspeare, whore poetic genius condition, does but increase his dif- always selected the best reasons which order. A man, whose lot ispoverty, had been assigned for the moral he and who bears it with patience, is inculcated, but had no philosophic not only exempt from grief and me- talents to investigate and to find out lancholy, but finds in it some conso- better, gives to Hamlet the best realation ; for, on the one hand, his un fons he knew of, for that patience derftanding and good sense not being which would prevent suicide. disordered or perplexed by his afflic- “ .. . To die ; to sleep tion, he will find means to gain his To sleep! perchance to dream.--ay, bread hopeftly; and, on the other
there's the rub; hand, his neighbours, ftruck with For in that seep of death, what admiration at his patience, so full of dreams may come, . reason and prudence, will contribute When we have muffled off this morwhat they can to comfort him. But
tal coil, be who repines, and dies into a paffi- Muft give us pause-- there's the reop, adds wilful grief and melancholy
fpet, to bis misfortune ; and, by keeping That makes calamity of so long life. his mind bent on mifery, and by de- For who would bear the whips and ploring it without ceafing, grows in
scorns of time, capable of procuring himself the least Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud relief, and puts himself out of con
man's contumely, dition to receive comfort from his The pangs of despis'd love, the law's friends, unless it be that charity,
delay, which is much less honorable and sa The insolence of office, and the tisfactory,than the relief and support
fpuros . which every man should receive from That patient merit of the unworthy his owo virtue, and his own conftan
takes, cy. This patience is the effect of a When he himself might his quietus knowledge of our duties; of a con
make fciousness that we are able to perform With a bare bodkin 3 Who would them ; and none but great and good
fardels bear, minds can pofsess it.
To groan and sweat under a weary The other virtue seems to have life, arisen from conditions of misery, But that the dread of something after which were thought to be hopelers death, in this world. It is accompanied with That uodiscovered country, from weakness, indolence and difpair ; it, whose bouro prevails moft in indolent and wretcha- No traveller returns.--puzzles the ed societies, and it is gradually leff
will, ened in more enlightened and happy And makes us rather bear the ills enes. The language of it is, "fub
we have, mit; for it is in vain to firuggle ; fub- Than Ay to others that we know not mit to every thing, for evil is the . of; portion of humanity here. Rejoice Thus conscience does make cowards in misery, and be exceeding glad, of us all, for on this very account, great will And thus the native hue of resolu. be your reward in Heaven. Tile
tion highest perfection of your virtue is Is fickled o'er with the pale cast of to be indifferent to the events of this thaoght ; world, and to what becomes of you And enterprizes of great pith and here ; and to reserve your good qual
moment, ities and enjoyments for a better with this regard, the's currentsturn ftate."
away, In that difpofition which induces us And lose the name of aftion ?”. to bear life atself, when it becomes a The very principle that runs thro' matter of patience fo to do, there the tvliole of rois celebrated paffuse, virtues are extremely different. is as mean and daftardly', as it is Ull
philosophical philosophical and untrue ; for none ries. They will enable him to diftin but a malignant and implacable Be- guith between those difficulties whic ing, soch as the devil has been ima are ever in the way of great vode gined to be, could place men in a takiogs; and which traio us gradu world overwhelmed with misery, ally into a capacity to perform them which they muft not quit, on pain of the defects with which nature ha being conveyed to one, infinitely chara&erized us, and the miseries w jnore miserable ; and yet the whole receive from others; and they wi of Shakespeare's reasoning amounts give him patience, which will carr only to this ; that the evils of this him through difficulties, and enab life are too great to be remedied, and him to bear the misfortuges which too great to be borne; and that Ham cannot avoid. By these means, to Jet would kill himself, if he were not will mark that period, where life afraid that God would rend him into retrogade , in which the parts of ma a world ftill more wretched." begin to discompose ; and he will o
This reason for patience, as I have der i ro, that bis desires all gradt observed before, arose from wretch ally weaken and difeogage themselve edoels, united with extreme igoo. He will therefore go down the deci tance; which would have laid wake vity of life, as he would a gentle de the earth by despair and suicide, if cept ; bear the decay and extinétic it had noi generated spectres and of his powers, as he fds his pathoi scenes of wretchedners beyond the subsiding and extingu thing ; aod grave, to frighten men into patience will sink into his grave, as he would
But all this apparatus to oblige à on his bed, after the honeft difchar man to bear harm, by fear of greater of these duties; and with that pleat harm, would be, like the contrivances weariness and that calm conten of children, to impose on each other, which ever attend the consciousne to a person who really understood of having spent an active, useful ar The general principles of the divine happy day! government, (aw tile intentions of na. ture, and felt himself capable of obey. ing them. He would reason thus; saman ought never to abandon life An Elay on Patriotism. on any account ; for it is vobecom, ing hiin to defert his fation, or that THE love of our country is : his departure Mould look like a fight; 1 inflexible determination of mir if he quits it because he suffers for his to promote, by all justifiable mear errors and vices, he attempts to re. the happiness of that society of whi medy his firft folly by a greater ; if it we are members; to attend to it wi be because fortune persecutes him, a warm and a&tive zeal ; to viegled, he deserts his principles, which teach opportunity by which we may, wit him that there can be no evils in life, out violating the great law of unive but what are contrary to that virtue fal benevolence, advance her hono and honesty which are guided by pru. and intereft ; end generoully to sacı deuce ; that there is no other good fice to this governing principle but what is virtuous and honeft; and inferior regards and less extenft that virtue and honesty are in his own claims of what nature foever. power."
This is that elevated paffion of These principles lead a man dire&. others the most necessary, as well Jy to the fountains of 'calamities, molt becoming to mankind ; a1 where alone they are to be correded, yet, if we believe the common cor They will firft reach him not to bear plaints, of all others the leat vifible the consequences of his own faults, The world. It lives, we are to but to remove the occasions of them; rather in discription than reality, ad they will give him a kind of knowi is now represented as an antiquat jedge, which will be apt to allow for and forgotten virtue. Wretched pi the faults of others, and will take off ture of the human race ! If this be that rancor and indignation, with just representation, we are degeneral which ignorance always receives inju. indeed, insensible to the beauty of a