« הקודםהמשך »
cavity of the belly, by means of wbich . This species of locuit, upon magy a confidarable sound is produced, accounts, is an object of attention to whenever the wings are moved, fimi. the lover of natural hiftory. Its belar that of a tree toad, though fainter, ing peculiar to America, its being fo soiter and much more agreeable. The long in a fate of seclusion, and the female, being deftitute of these aper. various changes it may pass through tures, is entirely flent. But the is in this retirement, in a special manaer provided with a surprising apparatus, call for his notice and enquiry. for penetrating solid ruhilances, and "The firft mention, and indeed the forming a safe rereplacle for her eggs. only one which I have happened to This auger, or piercer, is better than find of this inledt, is in tbe New Eng. half an inch long,ora glossy blackoers, land's mimorial, the author of bich and round till towards the earl, where observes, that in the spring of the it Aars into the hape of an unbarbed year 1633" there was a numerous arrow. It arises from the belly where company of lies which were like for that begins to taper, refting upon a bigoels unto wasps and bumble bees, kind of a hard cartilaginous plate, they came out of little holes in the and bedding itself in the y el ding ground, and did eat up the green parts, runs in a curve-like direction, things, and made such a constant yeilto the end of the tail. This the erects ing ooise as made the woods ring of at pleasure, and with it furrows the them, and ready to dealen the hear. bark of the sender branches of trees, ers; they were not any of them heard confining herself moftly to the oak, or seen by the English in the country more especially the wh te oak (apling. before this time : but the lodians She then, in an oblique direction, told them that fickness would follow, pierces the woody parts to the very and so it did very hot." This By centre, driving the intrument home muft undoubtedly be what we now to her belly, where the scoops out a call the locuft, though their eating up cavity, and with the same inftrument the green things, molt be a mifake; depolts her eggs. She receives the and perhaps also, the author has mir male at a small opening dire&tly above took the year; for calculating from the cartilaginous plate, uniting with the time he (peaks of, the locuft year, such firmness, as not to be reparated as it is commonly called, would fall without difficulty, and even injury to in 1786, inftead of the present year. one or both the parties.. This amour. I have talked with many old people ous intercourse proves fatal, at least on the subject, who all agree that 2pparently, to many of the females. none were to be seen, but on every
In the fall of the year, before the seventeenth year, and that this bas frofts set in; the worms, proceeding regularly taken place from as far from these eggs, leave their habitati. back as their memory serves, to the on,and bury themselves in the ground present year 1784 till the seventeenth year from that Whether they now, in the opini. time, when they rise from their sepul- on of the common people, presage cbres, and ascend the firft tree they sickness, I know got; but I observe can find : they then split open the case that their wings are made to be prowhich infolds them, and, leaving that phetic: A black zig zag line near behind,soon commerce inhabitacts of the extremity of the outward wings the air, and make the woods resound is said to look sometimes like a P, then with their mulick, reeming to enjoy, peace will ensue; sometimes like a with the most exquifite delight, their , then waris denounced; but what new ftate of existence.
is still more terrific, when all the let. They usually appear about the mid. ters of the Alphabet have been loc. dle of June, sooner or later as the sea. cellively impresled on their wings, fon is mild or revere, and continue the end of the world would take five or six weekm, when they fall to place---and the last impression was aa the ground, and afford a delicious repaft for hogs. They are not to be If the humour of (çribling holds seen in plenty, except in a light and out, and the above is iolerted, you dry soil covered with wood.
may perhaps hear from me again. R.
A Description of the Mand of ers, as lark-fpurs, ballams, nature
tiums, jeflamine, the flower three Madeira, with an Account
times as large as ours, and stronger of the Manners and Customs perfumed, &c. &c. grow spontane.
ously in the hedges, and yet they take of its Inhabitants.
Ters care of them (vines excepted)
than we do of quickset hedges, scarco • (Continued from Page 510.)
rowing, or senting them, or if they do, HE women, when they walk the after that never pruning, or training
fireers, have moftly a veil, them up, or beftowing any culture or which only thews about one third of attendance on them. Yet with all these the face ; but I have seen many ei natural advantages, they have the most ther quite without, or loosely hang- miserable contrived mince pye garing over the shoulders : the lower dens you can imagine, their whole at. class of women have no stays, and are tention being to dispose little Atreams very bitternly, and loosely clad: all of water (of which an infinite number wear their gowns and petticoats trail- descend from the highest mountains) ing on the ground, and the more they into small barons, and cifteros, to trail, the greater the distinction : che squirt out of a parcel of wretchedly fame of the cloaks of the rich, and of carved fione figures. the gowns of all the ecclefiaftics, and Again, as every inch of ground here nudents (which two classes are al is either part of a hill, they, inftead of ways in black) and they a&ually consulting the natural form of the sweep the street. The women (young ground, and adapting their improveespecially) even the mof ordinary, ments to it, go up ten fone fteps, have their hair, which is generally then walk filteen yards quite on a very long, black, and fine, tied be- flat, to go up as many more, and in hind, well curled, and a little pow. like manner all over their gardens: dered, like fage dancers. The houses so that what with the walls to supof the better fort of people have the port there forced levels, and what garrets open on all fides, like a gal with those that form ciferns to relery, the roof supported by stone pil tain water, either for real use, or the lars ; and there the women fit to supply of some fountain, there is look out, to see and be seen, wearing more mortar, and fione, in the garno veil, nor quitting the windows on den, than earth, or trees; and, with ever so much looking at them,or kifl these disadvantages, you would yet ing your hands, or making love in be charmed to fee, between there dumb Mew.
walls, each spot crouded with most With all this filth, &c. that I have of the trees I have meptioned; and described to you, they might be the round, and through all the vacant happiest people on earth ; most of the spaces, grapes or jeflanine spontane. rich having a villa (or, in Portuguese, ously climbing among the branches, a quinta) about two or three mea. chequering and totally closing the sured miles from bence ; those they roof of their own formiog: and might retire to, enjoying in perfec where the eye breaks through there tion all rural delights ; for there is fragrant arbours, it catches either neither American, nor European the sea, town, and shipping, or some tree, or plant, or fruit, that does not part of this mountainous country, or may not grow here: it would be beautiful from its fingular form, and endless to mention all, rome take as much more so from the variety follows į oranges, lemons, citrons, of its trees : yei, negligent of these sweet chelnuts, peach, apricot, nec lovely scenes, they beltow more tarine, tigs, palm-tree, cypress, ap. money in rudely carving all sorts of ples, pears, melons, grapes, bananas, figures on the lone work of the guavas, pine apples, mulberies, wal. walls, than would make the spot a nuts, plantain, water melons, and true earthly Paradise. water lemons; every produce of an As wine is the chief commodity, English kitchen garden, and others and all the preserved citron, oranges, peculiar to this climate; all their flow and lemons, used in Europe, comes A aa a
from hence and Portugal ; there plants are equally cultivated in tbe fields, as in the gardens; which are thereíore much alike in their appear; ance, with this difference in favour of the latter, that they are not disfigured with the addition of walls. At a little distance there are Tome corn fields, but of them lew and small,juft enough to make a variety, and cover the parts they find will not produce rich wine. The lower lot of people, who are 100 poor to be able to diftort their grounds, by attempting to make a garden of it, have each from two to ten acres of laad ; his whole fortune confiting in his grapes for wine, and the above named fruits, with which be supplies the town, and Thip', at a very low rate indued; they live in such amity, that I walked into hours through them all, from one to another : between them a very small running Aream is the oniy boundary, unless next the roads, and each has a berceau of grapes, jeflamine, or of the water lemois, up to his door, round his cottage, and to the capital parts of his little demerne. Their cortages are ihatched, cleaner much than the houses of their betiers ; and they, selling their wines to the merchanl3 in town, and keeping only preserved citrons, plunbs, dried pears, quince, marinalade, and such things, and liv. ing in the midst of their gardens, co joy a profusion of (weers, to which the rich, who refide in the town, are utier frangers,
After walking round them, as I told you, I was much pleased with the remarkable neatnels of one we were then in, wlicre many of the 'buttoms of the berceau walks were pitched with pebbles, as we do our grottos, and (oine in forms, fome with 1 itin sentences, composed in differ. ent coloured finnes. As myi:ll, and two oiner Eugl Mhmen, one of the factory here (who understood a lilele of the language) were reading them, the dame of the place, in appearance a farmer's wife, came, aud very cour. teously deared we would walk in, and Sit down, and he would have any fruit gathered for us ; which we accordingly did ; and soon a fat prielt, her lan, came in with great good-bymour, and brought us wine, marma.
lade, and all the forts of frost fier ripe (but it is yet rather too arty for the beft) and as our friend iber terpreter informed us, and as we plainly raw, was very bearty id de firing us 10.partake of them; but the prie seemed to be very particular is his civilities, and talked to me a great deal (much more than our terpie ler's koowledge reached) whict I not comprehending, was obliged to altempt a conversation in Lalin, and by endeavouring to model my prenounciation to what the Dolch dom and debring him at first to speak fon, we became very tolerable companji and I received very Atrong invitati. ous to use thal garden, boule, fruit, &c, as my own while I fiaid, acd alfuring me it would be a pleasate to him if I did lo; and indeed the cool. nels and neatness of it will induce me to pay it another evening's wals.
They have the advantage bere of its never being very hot, as in the Woft Indies ; dor (carce any viatel, and chat very mild ; bot on the tops of their highest mouotains they have Snow, which lies lometimes a good while: they allo excel moft parts of Europe, in having neitier frogs, toads, serpents, adders, beeiles, &e. nor have they any of those gaple sant crawling things, which are lo great an alla; to most warn climates, lizards excepted, which are very small, and only in the old volls, burk without mortar about the felds, and not more (requent than toats in Eng. iand: (piders they have, as we have in unrequeored places; but I bare, with the utmoi atieation, searched the orange, citron, and lemon trees (being willing, from my own expe bience, to confirm or refue tbe received opinion of that icini's partialty to, and confint rehdence among ther leaves and fowers) and I have not yet found one among them ; though I have been two evenings and one morning about tbe gardens, ke
I omitted in place telling you, tha: on Sunday evening, immediately after our landing, there was a wedding in a chapel not far from where I lodged. From the bride's door to the chapel the fireet was quite covered with myrtle, piaks, roles, orange-blofiords and all sorts of Powers, for her, and
the company to walk on : as I was larger, but I could not reach to mes. informed of it time enough, I mixed sure it there. Close by the tree was with the attending crowd, and accom a plain shed, like a common green panied the couple to the chapel; on house, designed as a banquetting entering which, the bride and throng, room ; and its situation was certainly whereof I made one, received thowers to be envied. of flowers thrown from the neigh. There was plenty of myrtle, some bouring windows, and leads of the orange trees, and arbours of grapes charel. The ceremony being over in and jessamines, and a West India ten minutes, of which, except kiling plant called a water-lemon, running the cross, I knew nothing, the return. like a vine, with as large a leaf as an ed through fresh thowers of flowers orange leal, is an ever-green, and home. Yefterday in the eveoing I bears the passion power. At the back went about a mile and a half out of of one of these arbours, where you town, to one of the beit villas here ; also saw the view, was one of those the owner died after having begun to channels, or cataracts, do vn which improve it better than any other I the water of the mountains fall 10 have yet feen, as he had carefully gain the rea : as there are Springs endeavoured to conceal the walls, by without end there, :hese channels are planting jessamine againft them, of frequent, and in winter, or on the which there are two Corts, each as snow in the mountains suddenly dirlarge again as ours, and much sweet. solving, they are terrible water-falls ; er ; and one called here the Arabian their beds or channels being so torin, jessamine, whose green leaves are as as to be only ledges of rocks, or loose broad as common ivy, and very Foogle fiones of an enormous size, and thick. .
the water falling ro perpendicularly To mention houses to you would down, forms thore cataracts you to be abfurd, as here are none that are much defire to see ; at present there better, and very few indeed so good, is a stream of water about as big as a as common English farm houses. man's thigh, which, although loo This gentleman's garden was fituated inconfiderable to be a beauty to the partly up the grand ridge of hills, eye, funk as it was in its hollow bed, between two lesser and very rocky was very agreeable in its round. This ones, which opened, to make the small quantity was owing to the spos his stood co, quite down the rea Aream being diverted into the thore, a steep banging valley ; his grounds and gardens of the owner of view was the rea, over the kind of the place, and into those of his neighbeautiful country I have already de- bours. The springs, as I before told fcribed, and the town of Fonchall, you, are numerous, and very large ; and craggy mountains surrounding these are under proper officers direc. behind. He had two uncommon tions, who turn them at stated hours, fine trees, one called iron wood, and for a limited time, into every larger and taller than most oaks ; it man's grounds ; the owner after. is so like a laurel in its leaf, as not to wards, by little furrows, diftributing be diftinguished from it ; and when them to the parts of his garden as lie bruised imells like a nutmeg : the pleases : by this means no Spot is other a sweet chelnut, in a square without watering. kind of paterre, from under which This island is amazingly populous, you had the very best of the view ; containing, according to the calcu. irs hade was in. appearance as thick lation of the inhabitants, one hundred as a clipped yew could be, very and twenty thousand souls ; tbis ocround, and so covered with its blor. cafions, in general, the diftribution of soms as to look quite white from the the lands to be in very small parcels; town; I measured the body of the and as the lower class live chiefly on tree ; it was twenty four feet four bread, banana fruit, chelnuts, apples, inches and a half round, and the yaums, gourds, and pompkins, and ground it covered also measured some fith ; each person has rome. pinety fix feet and a half across : the thing of every kind in his own tree at its branching off was much grounds ; by which means the dir
tributing and cheqoering of the plants with a red blollom, as you have seen all over the face of the country, is by io green houses. The orange, lemon, accident beautiful beyond what the auj citron trees, are commonly of most comprenenfive taste, or exten- the size of apple trees, but many ftit five purse, could coptrive and exe-. much larger, and grow with an eale cute. The yaum,and another fpeces in their branching, that we, who are of it called an edder, are food of wet, accustomed to see them only in tubs, and run on the ground like gourds, are not acquainted with. Myrtle I bearing verythick large broad have seen as high as very tall lilacs, leaves, like the water lily : the na- but that is above the usual ftandard; lives, therefore, if they have ever so they allo clip it into pillars, and small a spot, inclining to be wet and make flower border edgings of it, as Julhy, plant there there, and on the is done with box. edge of the surrows that convey the They have two or three sorts of water ; and by this means cover, and bay trees, all larger leaved, taller keep concealed, what else would be much, and of a brighter green than dilgufting.
our (orts. The fig trees are uocomTheir little hovels in which they mooly large, I saw one as tall as any live, and prels the wine, have grapes, horse.chelnut whatever, braoching melons, gourds, &c. ruoning all over about five feet from the ground into them, lo as not to be seen : and on three capital limbs, each of which the south side two or three orange were as large as a man's body, and trees, bay trees, lemons, or such like. those branching out again in others: If they plant peale, or kidvey beans, altbough this is the largest limbed one iofead of traiding them up, as we do, I have yet seen, its height is not la. 0.) dry Nichs, they plant with them perior to many others ; the chesout Indian wheat, and another fort like trees, pear here especially, are pot so millet, round which the pulse twines, tall, or large (the one excep:ed I beserving to support, and affords at the fore-named) as some I have seen in fame time grain for their mules, of England; but are rounder, and more which each has perhaps two or more; beautiful, like oaks that were cropthese, and their litrie cows, one or ped very young. I have seen very two a piece in number, are all led in little, or indeed no timber : no oaks, to:be m ddie of the garden, tied to a limes, nor elms, but of the latter I fake, and fed with the prunings of am informed there are some : this is the vines chiefly ; so that you would partly owing to real want, and partly at a distance wonder what could in. to their fhade proving prejudicial to duce peuple to let cattle break into the vicies. So that witbin four,or even the gardens.
fix miles from hence, I have not seen Their vines run all on a frame, (exclusive of the iron, or, as it is also ahout two feet or rather more from called, teel tree) any but srait trees the ground, made of fakes drove , (among which I rank the walnut and own, and wild (ugar canes in cross cherout) and odoriferous Arubs, as hare at top; which covers therefore the bays, &c. Most of what we call the ground, that in general is cx flowering shrubs I have seen a few ol, rrémely rocky, and the soil thallow; and a greater plenty would be, if they the larger ftoves, and rocks uifiog bad not ruch (mail gardens, and 611. Obrough, and above the vines, the ed them with things that were more froir trees, two or three together in beautiful, and at the same time bore rel'perred, and little iults of sugar some useful fruit. It is excellively canes left to meod che frames of the agreeable to see a vine, or jeliamine, villes, are by no means an inconfi. or even gourd, find its own way up derah'e addition. Among, and over an orange tree, and entwining among the very rocky, and quite easterly all its branches, droop down again alplaces, whicre they cannot plant any molt to the ground, like the most mins, gourds or melon run, al. luxuriant honey suckle (or rather though fown at a conhderable dir. vervain) and mixiog its fruit, or lowtince, and in other parts, in the ers, with those of the free. clefts of the rocks, grows wild Mrub.
(To be continued.) by myrule, and Indian prickle pear,