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eredt inferior lances to yours; and according to the sacred account, was. I dare say, the htitude of your cor.' created. But their pretensions are refpondeats wilt. Je such, that you idle and wain. Thus it is as to the will have no caucto repent of your pretensions of the Chinese. Even care of therin Suppore you were their Fohi, for whom they claim such to ere, on the North side of the great antiquity, was most probably Market, a large BI. E ÉDING HEART, Noah: and, from some documents, as the Guardian' did his LION, for that have been produced, it appears the reception of your correspondent's moft highly probable, that he was so. letters.-- would not that be very pro Some fanciful gentlemen, not per? But I leave the inanagement of knowing how to account for the dire the affair to yourselves, you will ferent colours or complexions among know better how to transact it than mankind, have fancied, that the AlI can direct you. I had almost for mighty Creator origioaily created got to tell you, that I myself want a'three Adams and Eves; one white, wife ; but when your Heart is erect. the other of the mahogony, and the ed, I will be more explicit.

third of a black complexion. h , H. J.

It does not appear, that the descen

dants from Adam, before the flood, I be following comes from a were of different complexions: And,

as there is not the lean appearance, Gentleman well known for

that they were lo; we may reasonhis Lave of Ancient Learn ably conclude, that there was then

no such thing existing. - ing, and researches into An

When all Aeth had corrupted their Liquity, s . r . ways, and the earth was filled with

violence through them ; God then

faw fit to defroy them all from the and their aifferent Colours, earth, exceptthe believing and righten, mSizes, &.c. which are propo

ous Noah and his family.

As then all the rest of the world fed to Consideration in your were obliterated; a new world was, zidast Magazine, you may 7€.

taking place ; and all this world has

its origin from the family of Noah; sceive, and, if you please, and the people of the various comcommunicate the following plexions mus hence be derived from

one or other of the Cons of Noah. Sentiments concerning them. After the Aood, there were sons TT is received as an undoubted born to Shem, Japheth and Ham : Itruth, by the wiser and better part and as their pollerity were soon great, of mankind, that all the human race Ty increased, there was a neceffity for originally descended from Adam and their fair and convenient separation ; Eve; he therefore, and Me are to be and it accordingly took place : and taken as the father and mother of all hence, by there rons of Noah and, the living in the world: so that all their pofterity, the nations after the the nations of the earth, are to be flood were divided in the earth. acknowleged as made of one fieth and There is not any discovery, that blood.

they were casually or accidently die There was a learned man named vided. But it looks as if it was by Le Paerere, who wrote a book enti: the special direction of Jehovah to tled, Men before Adam, But bis Noah, that his posterity were to set. prooss of the thing were not satisfac tle in such and such different places ; tory to the learned in general. And and so the whole earth was to be indeed he himself afterwards printed overspread and settled by thein. It à retraction of his error.

was in the days of Peleg, that the And there are some nations, who earth was divided : and, as Noah have pretended, that their original lived three hundred and fifty years wa6 before the time that the earth, after the food; he therefore lived to

As to the Origin of Mankind,

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524 Anficer to Philosophical Questions in Auguft. Mag. see the divine order for the distribu. Do other way but ato i ccount for tion of the nalions put iu execution. it.

There is not now but one authen. But then, as įythe other com. tic accoopt in the world, of the rise, plexions, ftatures, &c. imeeg man. propagation and settlement of the kind; there may more eafly be acnations descended from the fons or coupled for from the climates, wbtreNoab: and this is to be found in :he in they inhabit ; or from the foods, tenth chapter of Genesis. And they, which they use ; or from their bewho are favoured with the Divine (nearing themselves with fat of va. revelation, may from this learn and rious kinds; or from their mixtures under ftand the places, where they with others of different complexions fat down : for the lands were called and Gzes. after the names of the firft settlers of . It is not easy, we must confefs, to them. But, as to the rest of the give reasons, that will be satisfactory world, who are not acquainted with 10 every minute inquirer, for the the scriptural discoverica, i bey are as various ftatures and complexions that ignorapt as horses and alies of their obtain in the world. However it is Teal dercept and original.

oot volikely, but the genuine reason * Now then, taking the tenth chap may be taken from one or other of ter'or Genefis for our inftru&or and the particulars above mentioned. guide, we may note the following . And now, alter mentioning these things, which have been illuftrated things for giving some amulog, if not and proved by a number of very fatisfa&ory thoughts to curious and learned and judicious persons. inquifitive persons, it will be allow.

First then, the family of Shen had ed to take leave of the readers, by re. Alid, and all the Alaric islands ar. commending two paslages, that bave signed them for their thare.

accasionally come to view, to the atThen, ine poñerity of Japheth had tentive notice and confideration of all Europe, and all the islands around them all, and especially the more it for their portion ; and it is highly curious and inquisitive among them. probable, that this elder brother of The first is, ihe family, Japheth, had enlarge.. ment by America's falling to his por. Nefcire velle, quæMagifter maximus reflion : for the Americans seem to Te (cire non vult, erudita inscitia eft. have originally descended from Ma. gog one of the sons of japheth.

Thus translated for the Ecglif And, in the laft place, we come to reader, Ham. Now his roos were retiled in Arabia, usually called Cush in the The things our greater Maler bas original from its first founder ; and not taught, Egypt, or Mizraim as it is usually They, willing not to know, bave called in the Hebrew ; and Africa learo'ng got: called Phut; and Canaan, the place 'Tis learned ignorance, to which where the Israelites resided, after they're brought. the expulsion of the Canna inites.

It is recorded and well kuown, that And the other pallage is, and it is Ham,'hy reeion of his undutiful, dir., a very important one, respectful and bare bebaviour to.' wards his father in an unhappy fitus Disce mori mundo; vivere disce DEO. ation sell under his displeasure: and it is thought by some, that, as a mark

Thus in our tongue. of the divine difpleasure again at him Learn thou to quit the present world. for his impiety to his parent, he was, by death ; by an immediate indiction from Hea- And learn to live to God, while you ven, made black for his pun ihment : have breath. and so his pofterity, descending from Phut in the way of natural generati. It is of more consequence and im011, have received their blackness portance to us faithfully to learn (och from himn. And indeed we know of useful lessons as there, ihan to know

idieu !

il the curiosities of nature and art, this is not always the consequence, hat the world presents before us, as hath generally been believed when

stocks accidentally unite themselves; Bolton, Sept. 1734.

or when they are kept in colonies,

that is, raised boxes. In proof of this An Elay on the Management

assertion, I will relate a circumstance

that happened in my own a piary. of Bees : vberein is bewn, in the winter of 1777, I had three from long practice, the most single fraw-hives of bees, Aanding

he reparately, in an inclosed Med; thele easy and profitable Method

happened to be blown down by a vioof treating those useful In- lent wind; the weather being frody,

and very cold, prevented the bees feels.

from flying much abroad, but from Of the Queen Bee. the position in which they fell, they HÅRE are three forts of Bees all accidentally united themselves in1 diftinguished in every hive ; to one hive, without even the loss of viz. The queen, or female bee; the cne bee that I could perceive. I had irooc, or male ; and the common the curiosity to examine this hive af. working bee.

terwards, and saw the three queens The queen is very different from living, to appearance, very amicably the reft both in thape aod colour; together. Timmediately raised them her body is longer than the drone, on a large fat topred hive, in order Deater made, and tapers to a point. to give them room, thinking that the She has very thort wings in propor. most likely method to promote their tion to her size, and her beily and friend thip. This proceeding has anlegs are of a brighter yellow,than the swered beyond my moft languine ex. other bees. Like the common work. pectation; having continued to take ing bee, the is armed with a fting, but from them, every summer since, one never makes use of it unless greatly or two hives, well filled ; in fort, ic irritated. Without a queen the bee's has more than doubled the profits, can never prosper, as me alone is the had they continued as they were. Had breeder ; * and there is seldom more I not raised this bive, I make no than one of there in a bive, at the doubt but that two of the queens same time, except in the breeding would have been killed, as soon as season. If two swarms are purpose the weather became milder, and the ly united, one queen is always lacri- breeding season commenced ; but ficed to the peace of the hive. But that not one of them was killed is

evident from their great increase af

terwards, and which one queen could . Some writers, on this subject,

not support, or any thing equal to affirm to the contrary ; and Fancy

their numbers. 4 the working bees equally breeders. But these assertions are manifeftly absurd, and contradi&tory to the obfervations of the best naturalists. with another, the hive, or colony, is When the queen bees are defeated, roon annihilated ; the bees being senthere is always found in them anОva fible, by an uncommon inftina they ria replete with a multitude of eggs, possess, that without ber their gene. romewhat for number like the roe of ration ceases. Warps, hornets, buma fih ; but never any thing similar to ble bees, are also bred from one moao Ovaria was ever found in any, ther, or queen ; and they alone, other sort of the bees which compose amongst there laft, survive the win. the hive. If the common working bees ter; and is one of them is killed in bred equally with the queen, what use April or May, a whole neft is dethen can we suppose the queen to be ftroyed. of, or why Mould they not be able to exist without one ? It is notorious + Since the above was written, I that if the queen dies, unless replaced have proved it beyond a doubt, that


It appears evident to me, that it is The ovaria of a queen bee contains only for want of room, that the bees some thousands of eggs, somewhat dispatch their supernumerary queens. fimilar to the roe of a fimh. The great İn lupport of this opinion, lobserve naturalift, Swammerdam, relates that it often happens, that two queens, be discovered in the ovaria of one when they lead (warms from a hive,at queen, ready to lay, five thousand the same time, generally seille toge. one hundred vifible eggs. ther without the least commotion. It is commonly supposed that the Now it is well known that bees al. Tays nearly two hundred eggs every ways provide themrelves an habita. day, in the height of the breeding tion before they leave their old bive, season. She sometimes begina laging and that it is only from the queen's so early as the latter ead of January being unable to fy far at a time, that but this depends entirely on the for. tbey To olten alignt on the branches wardness of the season. The moft of those trees that grow near them. certain rule to know this is, that It may realouably be supposed, there whenever the bees are obrerved to fore, that as rey fwarm together, collect from the early flowers it is without the left difturbance, and then a sure indication of the queen's both of them very amicably alight breeding, and beginning to lay her on the same brancn, that they are egge. both I kewire destined to the same place

(To be continued.) and that the place they have provided is sufficiently large. It is only then after they are hived, that, hod. * I have been assured by the most ing the habitation too small for the refpe&able authority, that Mr. W. offspring of both queens, hoftilities having doubted whether all the commence, and one is sacrificed to the young ones bred in a bive proceeded welfare of the colony.

from the queen bee, made the fol• The attachment of bees to their lowing experiment. He caught a queen is very wonderful ; be but por. queen, and tied her by a thread fa Sessed of her, and you may lead them that fhe could not wander but a few where you please. If by any acci. inches ; he found, notwithftanding, deot the dies; the others immediate eggs soon afterwards deposited ia ly cease to work, and only consume cells to which she could not reach : what ftores they have, and perith. this seemed decisive again it the one However, this attachment is by no mother bee. But a day or two after ineans conftant to any one particular more parrowly observing what paffed dueen ; for if a hive, which has lost in the hive, he saw the working bees its own, can by any means be provid. carrying the eggs from the said mo. ed with aoother, the same attach- ther, or queen bee, and depositing ment to her will be observed as to them for her in the diftant cells. This the former : order and regularity curious fa&t is recommended to the will be immediately established, and notice of such bee-mafters, as have a they will resume their labours with facility in catching the queen at all their former activity and deli. pleasure. gence. It is remarkable that when you

· The Mijer's Prayer. are possessed of the queen from any hive, the rest become more gentle,

. From a British publication. and seldom make use of their fings.

n LORD, thou knoweft that I The queen bee scarce ever leaves a bà ve nine houses in the city of hive, unless when the leads a swarın. London, and likewise that I have

lately purchased an eftate in fee fim

ple in the county of Ellex : Ibe. more than one queen bee will live in eech thee to preserve the iwo Covothe same colony, or raised boxes, by tjes of Effex and Middlesex from fre the many experiments I have idade, and earthquakes. And, as I have a of dividing collateral boxes to increase mortgage in Hertfordshire, I beg of their number.


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See likewise to have an eye of com. abundance of leisure for improvement afion on that county. And for the by conversation. Our laborious eft of the counties thou mayeft deal manner of life compared with theirs, rith them as thou art pleased,

they esteem Navith and bare ; and Enable the bank to answer all their the learning on which we value ourills, and make all debtors good men. selves, they regard as frivolous and rive a prosperous voyage to the useless. An inftance of this occurKermaid floop, which I have in fored. ed at the treaty of Lancaster in Penniod, thou haft said that the days of filvania, anno 1744, between the he wicked are but Mort: I trust in Government of Virginia and the fix hee, that thou will not forget thy Nations. Alter the principal busi

romise, having purchased an eftate ness .was settled, the commiflioners n reversion of Sir J. P. a profligate from Virginia aquainted the Indians young man. Keep our friends from by a speech, that there was at Williinking, and if it bethy will, let there amsburg a college with a fund, for

e no linking fuods. 'And keep my educating Indian youth; and that if
og Caleb out of evil company, and the chiels of the fix nations would
gaming houses. And fanctify this send down half a dozen of their fons
aight to me, by preserving me from to that college, the government
chieves and fire. And make my rer. would take care that they should be
varts honest and careful, whilft I, thy well provided for, and instructed in
faithful servant, lie down in thee, all the learning of the white people,
Lord. Amen.

It is one of the Indian rules of polite-
ness not to answer a public propofiti-

on the same day that it is made ; they Remarks concerning the Savages

tbiok it would be treating it as a

light matter; and that they thew it of Norib- America. refpe&t by taking time to confider it,

as of a matter important. They [By Dr. Franklin.) therefore deferred their answer till

the day following ; when their speakAVAGES we call them, because er began, by expreffing their deep

their manners differ from ours, sense of the kindness of the Virgioia which we think the perfe&tion of ci goveromeat, in making them that vility ; they think the faire of theirs. offer; "for we know,"says he, that

Perhaps if we could examine the “ you highly esteem the kind of learnmanners of different nations with im- "ing taught in those colleges, and partiality, we should find no people " that the maintenance of our young To rude as to be without any rules of " men, while with you, would be ve. politeness ; nor any lo polite as not "ry expensive to you. We are conto have some remains of rudeness. « vinced, therefore, that you mean to

The Indian men, when young, are “ do us good by your proposal, and hunters and warriors; when old, . " we thank you heartily. But you counsellors; for all their government " who are wise must know, that difis by the counsel or advice of the fag. « ferent nations have different cones; there is no force, there are no "ceptions of things ; and you will prisons, no officers to compel obedi. " therefore not take it amids, if our eoce, or infid punishment. Hence "ideas of this kind of education hapthey generally Audy oratory ; the " peg not to be the same with yours. best speaker having the most infu- “ We have had some experience of it : ence. The Indian women till the “ Several of our young people were ground, dress the food, nurse and “ formerly brought up at the college bring up the children, and preserve "es of the vorthern provinces: They and hand dowa to pofterity the me “ were infructed in all your sciences; mory of public tranfa&ions. These “but when they came back to us, employments of men and women are « they were bad runners ; iguoraoc accounted natural and honourable. " of every means of living in the Having few artificial wants, they have « woods; unable to bear either cold XXX

“ or


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