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At Cambridge, Miss Polly Wig ble, drowned near the common, 73 glerworth, daughter of the Rej. Mr. Mr. Thomas Snow, Wigglesworth, Professor at the Uni Mr. Charles Geyer, versity of Harvard College.
14. At Sandwich, the Rev. AbraAt Lancafter, Elitha Mirth, Ergi ham Williams, of Walpole, New Hampshire, one At Providence, Mys. Amy Rufof the Juftices of the Common Pleas, sell, the amiable consort of Mr. Jofor the County of Chethire.
fepli Russell, of that tona mercbant. At Portsmouth, New Hampinire, 18. At Bofton, very fudaen, Mr. Mr. John Turner, dancing.mafier, Thomas Amory, diftiller, 62. late of this town,
Mrs. Saranda County, widow, 75. Aug. 1. At Boston, Mrs. Allice 21. Mr. John Hurd, jun. late a Burton,
69. cfficer in the Continental Army, 24 8. Mrs. Mary Chapman, 46. Mr. John Corbet, Mr. Etienne Savann, a French Mr. Ralph Morgan, gentleman from the West Indies, 42. 25. Mrs. Abigail Lowd,
At Andover, Deacon Isaac Ah. Buried in Bofton, in Augot, bot,
86. 26 Whites, 2 Blacks. Total, 28. At Boston, Mr. Frederic Confta. Baptized, 34.
Meteorological Observations, for August, 1784.
Barometer. Thermometer. 11 Wind. A Weather. 1|29.93|29.90;29.90171 77 175 sw.
cloudy. - fair. 89 89 891173 184 184 is. w. 801178,5 82,579 w. E. S.
fair. 651176,58515179 is w. NW.
Icloudy. fair. T. 8. 801172,5 72,5 59 IN W.
hazy. fair. (thund. 84 85 881165 168 52 2 IN W.
cloudy. rain. th. ni. 611 57 70174 177
O fair. 001169 175,575 lks w.
fair. 78 174 183,579 ldo.
fair. thond. o'ght. 731177 182,5175 'S W.
fair. th. Now, 82 169,574,572 MW.
Mower. 92 ||70,5 73,572 NW. Ne. fair. cloudy. 761170° 72,5170 Is. w.
cloudy. rain th. ai.
fair. 2294 921 901167 72,572 s. S.E." cloudy. rain. 731 84 168 71 70 SE.
cloudy. rain. clo. ni. 9530.02|168 67,5 66 N E.
cloudy. 9929.84 63,565 62 NE.
cloudy. 2629.871 781 831160 161 162 kw. sw.
cloudy. 92166 173 170 's w.
fair. 951166 170 168 sw.
cloudy. 95 1165 174 175 1sw.
fair. T. 79. 72 81,5' Sw.
fair. 31 96
76 80 78 W. E. N. fair. T. 48. ch. sain.
cloudy. rain. fair.
, The Observations are taken at 8 o'clock, at i, and at 9, in the evening: The Thermometer ; Faren heit's Scale, is suspeoded in a fair cald by the fide of a North Window. The Figures, annexed to the Winch, denote the force ; 4 a trong galę, 6 a ftorm.
C ο Ν Τ
Drawing of Water,
Waters of St.Petersburgh, 460 Memoirs of the Life of Voltaire,
461 An Effay on Beauty, 463 Loves of Ludovico and Hono* ria,
466 Narrative of a Shipwreck, 468 Description of the Royal Palace
of Versailles, 11. Mr. The. Cibber,
474 If Ideas of Honour,
-475 IP Aerial Navigation,
Explanation of the Plate, 478
479 l On Pleasure,
482 Mathematical Questions in our laft, Answered, wered,
483 New Questions Proposed, 484
Ι Ν Ι Ν G,
Page. PORTICAL ESSAYS. The Conteft of the Seasons : or
Winter triumphant, 485 The Cork Screw, Letter from a Grandlop to his Grandpa requeting a Name,
ibid. Verses to a Lady with a present of a Knife,
487 Epitaph on a Sailor, ibid. On the Death of an Infant, 488
STATB PAPERS. Report of a Committee of Con
gress containing a plan for a
Military Eftablishment, 489 MONTHLY CHRONOLOGY Foreign News,
497 American News, Bill of Mortality,
ibid. Meteorological Observations,
for September, 1784. 502
With the following E MBELLISHMENTS, viz. No. I. A Likeness of the Honourable HENRY LAURENCE, Efq;
No. II. The Descent of the AIR BALLOON.
B 0 S T 0 N : Printed and Published by GREENLEAF and FREEMAN,
At their Printing Office, North fide of the Market,
Where Subscriptions continue to be taken in.
T HE Kiss --- with a Song by a young Mifs of B. which 1 came too late, will be inserted in our next.
The Piece of Poetry to Miss ****, on the return of her Silter ---the Ten Commandments;.--a Story of Milia, &c. &c. are under consideration.
The Piece from N. H. on the Shaking Quakers, is rather too indelicate for a chalte Ear.
APOLOGIE'S to our R E A D ER S.
A NECDOTES of the Life of the honourable Henry A Laurence, Efq; did not come to Hand, to accompany the Engraving, as was expecteil,
The Printers find it imposible to begin upon the Geographical Gazetteer the present Month. They have collected Many Materials for Buton, with which Town they propose to begin ; but as they are not yet complete, chey judge that
it will be better co poftpone the Work for one Month than to ' lend into the World an inaccurate Description. , . ? . .
extract of a Letter from an
Eminent Phyfician in "England, to his very particular Friend, the Rev. William Hazlict, now residing in this Town.
DISCOVERY was made some time ago, by meer ac. cident, which deserves uni
versal attention ; because it comes to be universally useful, articularly in America. A parisian fa mechanical turn, whose window appened to be immediately over the eine, generally raised what water he ianted from that river, in two small uckets faftened to a rope, the ends of hich were (pliced together, and paffe d over two equal grooved wheels, ne at the window and the other in be water : and he gave motion to this nachinery by turning a winch fastened
the upper wheel. At one time, Then the buckets were reperated from be rope, the French man, not attend. id to that circumstance, and wanting ame water, but the machine in motiol, nd found that coe rope alone would alle a small quantity of the fuid; and
on giving it more velocity, he was surprized to observe, that the quantity brought up was considerably increased. From this time he supplied himself with as much water as he wanted, by the motion of the rope, without any buckets,alter he bad formed a proper ciftern round the upper wheel, to receive the water.
A gentleman in this town has made one of these machines, on a small scale, with a horse hair rope half an inch in diameter, and two leven inch wheels ; with which he can raise fix gallons and an balf of water, to the beight of nine feet in two minutes. I have frequently observed the working of this machine, and cannot help thinking, that these experiments may help to improve Doctor Franklin's theory of Waterspouts. A considerable body of water rises on every side of the ascending rope, particularly on the outside, and becomes visible the whole way from the lower to the upper wheel, where it is Thrown off by the centrifugal force, which attends every circular motion. The Mape of the rising column is near. Jy cylindrical, from the top to, within a few inches of the bottom, where it has a conical form, the wideft part being on the surface of the water. if the motion be moderate, a trickling
down of the water is obfervable, over water. The box and tower' wheel, the surface of the rising column, for by thus haoging loosely in the water, about two feet from the top, where will be always accommodated to the this superficially descending water is different length of the rope, which Loft, and perhaps carried up again by muft vary, as it may happen to bu the ascend ng rope : but, if the moti. wet or dry i and will at the latdi on be made qu:ek, the rope“ is then time keep the whole fufficiently most loaded with water, aad the whole fteady. A common winch turos the furface of the column appears while,upper wheel; and one man with bu and covered over with foam. It is simple machinery, has frequenti very remarkable, thar grasping the raised'a bog íhead of water fifty feet rope in the band will not prevent the high within five minutes. ascent of all the water; unters it be The case is fo new,that it might para grasped hard enough, fo Atop the moti.. zle even a systematick philofopher on of the machine. After the wheel how to clats it. Can it be laid wie had been turned long enough, and propriety, to belong to hydraulick, with that velocity which was neceffary when no pipe or tube is employed,nor to load the rope with water,op letting any thing like it, unless it be the (pad go che winch, there did not appear to occupied by the rope and afcending be the least motion of the wheel back water. Besides, the whole matter wards, as might reasonably have been appears to be contrary to the bed expected, from the water being whol. eftablished priociples ; for in the Jy on one Sde. The water also for ft present care, gravity is counteracted: disappeared from the upper part of and the water ascends: but accordthe rope, then from the part immedi. ing to the great law of hydraulicks ately below the top, and ro on gra. water can not be conveyed in piper * dually to the bottom ; and it was at higher than the place from whence i . }ittle more than one fecond of time, comtes, and the whole efteå is probefore it disappeared from the whole duced by gravitation aging on water,
sine fedt. It appears from the two' Again, thirty five feet is the greater · Jaft ohlervations, that the weight of altitude; to which the utmost pretiure
the column was Tupported, fome Mort of the air can raise water, in a fiogle time after the motion of the machine pump ; but the rope machine tas was over. At my define the rope was actually raised water fifty feet, and ' changed for a frong iron jack chain, how much higher, it may be capa which uron op the water nearly as well ble of raibog it, remains ftill to be de as before as far as coold be judged termined. from obrervation alone, for the qual. According to the best'idea I can Tity was not measured. On replacing form on this subject, at present, tot The laine rope and employing an ad. efted's produced may be ascribed to
ditional wheel to increare the veloci. four different causes. I. The wate! • ty, the quantity of water raffed was adheres to the rope by attraction, la
confiderably increased. The winch the same manner as it will to any was now (aftened to the additional other body, that is capable of beide wheel, which was fo large, that one wettedt. A kind of proje&tile mo: revolution of it turned the other tion upwards teems to be given to the wheel five times and an hall ; and the adhering water ; which, by its tenden
Tope with this velocity bragghit up cy to perfevere in the same directions • twenty nine gallons and one fittis may help to form the cylindrical bopart, in two minutes.
dy of water round the ascending rope. . This method of railing Wafer is g. Every ring of this cylindrical boy · actually employed, at a gentleman's dy of water appears to be fupporten Yeat about nine miles from Maid itone, by the ring iminediately below ! and supplies the family very well, and that by the next, and so on to with only air inch horfe hair rope, the loweft riog: so that what pe and a pair of wheels, two feet in di. mains of the weight of the column to ameter. The lower wheel moves ini be supported inoh reft on the surface a box, and a weight is fanened to the of the water in the well, or river. bottom of the box, to keep it under The lateral pressure of the surroute