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The Hon. James Boudoin, Presiden. the oth inftant, succeeded in his very The Rev. Joseph Wiliard, Vice Prefi- forft attempt, and brought up one of dent.
the larger chevaux de frize that was COUNCELLORS. The Hon. Samuel fuok in the deepest water. Adams, Esq ; His Honour Thomas Cushing, Erqi His Excellency John 21. Philip Scuyler, Erg; of the State Hancock, Erg;Hon. John Lowel, Erg; of Pensylvania, is appointed a commitHon. Robert T. Paine, Erg; The Rev. fioner, in addition to Benjamin Lin. Philips Payron. Hon. Cotton Tufts, coln and Arthor Lee, Esquires, who Efq; Dr. john Warren. Rev. Samuel are appointed by Congress, con miffiWilliams.
oners to treat with the Indians, in the Mr. Caleb Gannett, Recording Se- room of Mr. Higginson and Mr. cretary.
Green; those two gentlemen having Ebenezer Storer, Elg; Treasurer. declined serving in that bufoels.
Mr. Benjamin Guild, Vice. Treala. rer.
The hon. Legislature of the Com Mr. Caleb Gannett, Keeper of the mon Wealth of Virginia, have eropor. Cabinet and Librarian.
· ered the Executive to lay an embargo The following gentlemen were elect. on Indian Corn for a limited time. ed fellows ;. William Erving, L'q; of Botton, Samuel Hale, Erq; of Poria: - 24. At a town.meeting held at mouth, New Hampshire ; Mr. Sang - Faneuil Hall, on Thursday laft, for • uel Guravus Harmelin, of Sweden, the final decision of the business of inMember of the Royal Academy of corporating the town'; on a queftion Sciences at Stockholm ; John Spar- being put, it passed in the negative by hawk, Erq; of Portsmouth, New: a great majority. Hampshire.
The following very extraordinary 10. A Dublin paper of the 20th of marriage was celebrated on Monday April, has the following paragraph. the 24th of May, near Bordentown;
« The virtue of Ireland fall soon Mr. James Wood, to Miss Theodofia triumph over the enemies of liberty. "Thomas. What readers this connec
There are Gfreed thousand, patriots tion remarkable is, that the parties armed in Ulfter ready for the onset. were both deaf and durab from theio
The province of Connaught is also in infancy. array, and in Leinster and Munfter the hands of freedom will not be tardy; ! We are informed that the commitso that with a French fleet we may defy tee of the States have appointed Cator. Britain and the enemies of Ireland.” day, the 26th io ft. for their firft meet
17. The following gentlemen were ing at Annapolis, that city being fixed clected this day by the two branches on by the committee as the place for of the General Court, agreeable to their deliberations. the conftitut on, to serve as delegates. from this Commonwealth, in the 28. A late Paris gazette has the Noited States, in Congress assembled following paragraph.." 'The Counfor one year, viz.
cil of fate bave at last decided the great Hon. Elbridge Gerry,
question relative to the commerce of Francis Dana,
the Americans with the coast of BriSaowvel Holton,
tanny. The farmers general were for George Partridge,
having only one port opened for tradTristram Dalton, E'q'rs. ing with the United States, but the
Kng bas opened them ail; in confeWe hear the Chevaux de-frize quence of which all the ports of Briwhich have long obhiruded the na- tapoy will trade with America, and revigation of the Deltware, will mort ceive the returns, without any one l'y be removed. The ingenious me having the prelerence. Chall.c, Mr. Artbur Donaldson, have ing undertaken the Herculean tak, On the 19th inflant, the Congress aind prepared his vast apparatus, oa passed the following resolves : .
« That it be, and it is hereby re. commended to the legislatures of the feveral states, to vent the United States in Congress assembled, for the term of fifteen years, with power to prohibit any goods, wares and mer. chandize, from being imported into, or exported from any of the fates in vetfels belonging to, or navigated by, the subjeas of any power with whom there itates shall not have formed treaties of commerce. That it be,and hereby is, recommended to the legis tatures of the feveral fates, to veft the United States in Congress assembled, for the term of fifteen years, with the power of prohibiting the subjects of 2ny foreign state, kiagdom, or empire, voless authorised by treaty, im porting into there United States, aoy goods, wares or merchandize, which are not the produce or manufadure of the dorainions of the Sovereign whore subjects they are.
Provided, That all acts of the Uni. ted States in Coogress assembled, in pursuance of the above powers, the affent of nine States Mall be necessa
the quantity of land granted to, or furveyed for any person, and the build. ings and improvements thereon.
In April 1783, Congress recommended it to the several flates to change this rule of apportionment, for another, wbich was founded on the nomber of in habitants in each flate allowing hve flaves to be equal to three freemen: the expediency of adopting this recommendation was a subject of carly debate in the session, and on which we Mall ftate the arguments. Thore who were in favour of the alteration, urged the impracticability of the other mode. Valuations, they said, taken in that way were sufficiently known to be uníatisfactory and unjuft by those which were made to determine the relative worth of the towns in our own ftate. Who was there that did not complain ? And when inequalities were thought to be discovered, where was the burthen to be laid for the relies of the sufferers ? Never was there one that did not receive the real or pretended reproba. tion of a great part of the towns concerned. If there evils arose to such an height, on a small scale, would they not increase with the magnitude of the objects to be compared together. In this refpe&t the proposed method had a decided advaniage over the other, for, nothing was more easily obtained than the number of polls in each state. If gentlemen objected to the value of flaves compared with freeinen they ought to consider, that the benefit of a white man(and freemen were generally of this clars) in point of ability to pay taxes and to defend the state, was vastly raperior to that of a black one. The prime cost of flaves in the southern flates was high ; their lives of but Short duration ; and the proportion of able bodied men exceedingly small. Their comparative value with whites could not indeed be demonstrated, but, from such confiderations, it might reasonably be supposed, that it was not higher than the proportion of five to three. The house were assured that the requisitions in which this commonwealth had been most favoured,had been apportioned on the rule proposed. A very important confideration was to be
Proceedings of the General
Court. THE evils of a war are not closed with it's military operations ; they de.
the poiterity of the soldier, aud he wito knows of battles and devastations only by tradition, realizes many very serious effects from these events. To leifen such effects by an early provision for defreying the ex pences necessarily incidental io the belt conducted contests or this nature, moft be the object of every wise legisla. ture. This however, is always attended with difficulties ; and perhaps, no where with greater, than in the United Szatés. For, funds are not only to be provided, but the proportion of Tbir. teen different powers are to be ascer ta'gert. To do this, by any system thar fhall be consistent in principle, and reducibie to pratice, is an object as desirable as it is difficult to be attained.
The charges of the war, by the 8th article of the confederation, were to be defreyed out of the public cheft, to be fupplied by each date according to
taken into view, which was the rapid against the whole fyftem proposed; forn progress of liberty in America, Peno. One cause of any advantage we might fylvania had already adopted a lyf- have in that respect was, the obftitem for freeing her flaves. Virginia Tacy of our soil, wnich yielded only to was in the same laudable tract; and, laborious exertions, and the compana
to doubt could he entertained, the tively spontaneous productions of the humane and glorious measure theirs, which allowed them to indulge would spread ifelf to the utmost in many luxories that our yeomanrg, bounds of the union. If this thould were ftrangers to front neceffity. But be effected, the value of the polls the depreciation of the southero llaves, would be univerfally equal, and the was by no meana acceded to. Howadvantages resuhing to the eastern ever unequal they might be to our ftates too obious to be mentioned. Ag foil, they were well calculated for that to the operation of either plan in in which they served ; and if the whole jespect to the new states to be erected, number of them were not labourers, if this was not too remote an object to the reft confited of children and breed. have in Auence in the debate, gentle. ing womeo which were reckoned va. mea candidly confessed they had not luable eftate. formed a judgment. The expediency It was afferied that the buildings of the measure was urged. It was al. and improvements in the fouthera Terted, that the proportion of three ftates, were less conspicuous to the whites to five blacks was the best terms traveller than those at the eastward: that could be obtained in a matter it being the general practice here to which was the effect of a compromile. erect our buildings on the public road, The states supposed to be favoured by whereas, tbere the fears of wealthy this rule, were brovght into the re. men were commonly retired, and not commendation with equal reluctance seen in a general paflage through the as others; and, seeing it was the will country. This might tend to deceive of Mafsachusetts to have a settlement such gentlemen as had travelled but of the expences of the war, as one tranfiently. The old fyftem could not means of availing herself of the sums by any means be given up by its adfupposed to have been advanced to vocates as impracticable, and arguCongress beyond her proportion it meats of inconveniency, they thoughts molt be consentaneous to her wishes ought not to be conclusively orged as it moft certainly was to berinterest, against it, in a care where every postto adopt the alteration. Toinese ar- ble plan muft be subject to the same guments-it was replied, that the folof objection. As to the exped ency of the southern itates so much exceeded the proposed mode it was observed, our own in richoers, as to inake a com- thica final settlement of the public pliance with the recommendation charges was truly desirable ; but, to wholly unwarrantabie. Tihat this hazard anything for the lake of
18 fiirly deduced from the arguments diípitch in matters of such moment on the other side, if they were juftin was wholly Dopardonable. If the point of fact : for, is the prime cor Hates in an opposite interest were to and other difadvantages of llaves were find a Healy adherence on our part to to exceedingly great as was represent the article in the confederation as it ed, then the soul must be proportion stood, they mufi, from a consciousness ally fertile to defrey such charges and of the operation it would have again yeld a profit to the planter. But this them, be forced into better terms on iin portant fact was not lest to be estab. the new plan. Such is the subflance bished by others which were not ab- of the argumen s ured on this imporfulutely conceded. The proportion tant question, wh ch had been preate exports of the states long since viously determined in favour of the eliablilhed against us, proved it be proposed alteration by the repate , yond a queftion. Our inhabitants but when the sense of the House was might be bardier than those at the takes, there was found a large anajr fouthward, but if this pro ert any rity against it : and a bill was agreed thing in favour of the relative value of upon by both branches for ascerta. the poils, it certainly proved inne ing the lands, buildings and number of inbabitants in the fate in order to Late accounts from Europe say, enable Congress to estimate the quo- that the Dean of Glocefler gave it as tas of the respective ftates in the bis opinion, That by the great innounion,
vations now attempting to be introThe plan of the late Court for ob- duced into the conititution, the Bri. viating the British commercial system, tish empire will be as surely overturnhas been continued and ripened, and ed, and as truly set up to the highest a bill for vefting certain powers in bidder, within the walls of the House Congress for this purpose compleated. of Commons, as the Roman empire
The money matters of the Com. was by the Prætorian guards, during monwealth which met with so many the deciension of that unwieldly, fallunfortunate checks in the laft feffion, ing empire. have been taken up with better fuccers in the present, of these we shall A man belonging to Hopkington, rather give the result, than the detail. by the name of David Cutler, who It appearing that there were large ar- had been to Cambridge, to tranfaat rearages of taxes due to government fome business, stopped at the house of on old assessments, and Congress ha- Mr. Richardson, inkeeper, about thrço viog relinquished one half of their re- miles from the college; and having prequisition for eight millions of dollars viously, by his own confeffion, taken on the states, at least for the present, the resoiution to put an end to his life, a lucky occasion seemed to present it went into à pafture near the house for self for reducing some part of the pub. that purpose ; pulled off his coat, and lic debt. The army notes amounted then with a pen-knife cut his own to about 200,000 l. and were payable throat in a moft fhocking manner. It jo thirds.every year from 1784 fuccef- was in the evening, and he was obseryfively. On this state of fats a tax haged going into the pasture : His behavi. been formed for raising 140,000 l. for our occafioned some suspicion, and inthe purpose of paying such of them as duced Mr. Richardson to go afterhim ; are due in the years 1784 and 5 to on his seeing Mr. Richardson, he drew that amount and in discharge of which the knife froin his throat, and Atabed taole notes are to be receivable ; the himielf in the fide, and allo, cut bis remaining 60,000 l. are to be redeem- arm; he then defifted, and was carried ed with the public lands in the easiera into the house ; he is yet alive, but Counties. Thus in so early a stage of lies dangerously ill. the peace, Massachusetts will be able to strike off by a fingle tax that will An Obituary for June, 1784 scarcely be felt by the people, about
DI E D an eighth part of all her private debt. The fund for discharging the interest
3. At Burton very suddenly, Mr.
John Malden, founder, aged on the consolidated securities was not
* Miso. Ann Payne, fifter of Edward unattended too, and an Impoft and
74. Excise bill similar to that ill-fated one
4. Mrs. Mary Burroughs, wife of of which we gave an account in our last
Mr. William Burroughs, : 44. observations, has been nearly prepared
6. Mr. Peter Cotta, an attendant at for the approbation of the chair.
... the Poft Office, . The railing of taxes, ro necessarily
Capt. Samuel Downe,
63. connected with the valuation of the
8. Suddenly, Mrs. Eleanor Stephentowns, gave rise to a bill for taking
lon, a noted school dame,
64. a new account of the rateable polls, and estates within the Commonwealth,
? Mrs. Abigail Kiug, wife of Mr. woich without doubt will pass to be
Mrs. Fofter, wife of Mr. Abraham enacted.
Fofier. Many other matters of consequence 11. Mr. William Perkins, son of are now pending before the legislature, the late Mr. Houghton Perkins, 20. which being uncertain as to their issue, Mr. Join Corbet,
45 we conceive it not expedient to give 21. Mr. John Baker Brimmer, mer20 account of thom at prelent.
At At Salem suddenly, Mr. Josiah At Ipswich, Mrs. Elizabeth HofPeele, ton of Mr. Robert Peele, 20. kins, formerly of this town, 50. His death was occafioned by drinking
ng Buried in the town of Boston, in too great a quantity of cold water. 26. Ac Bolton, M:. Morre, rope.
June 1784.39 whites, 5 blacks. la
all 44. maker. He died very suddenly from the same cause.
Meteorological Observations, for June, 1784.
(Weather. 1129.71 29.71 29.71159 1621 ) E.
I S . I cloudy. 66 61158
S. 2 foggy, fair, hower. 74 og
168 IN W. 1 E. I fair. 4130.00 30.09 98165 76 73 73 S 24
fair. 5129.9529.90 78,5 II SW. 4
lair. T 86 at 4P.M. 751 21
SW. z W. I E. Il fair. Th.
64,5 UNE.2 E. 93 93 00 63 68 00 (NE. 2
Ildo. 68 66 SW.4
do. cloudy, rain. 10 28 39 54 1167 68 65 NW.4 I 54 48 401158 63 67 I w. i
Icloudy, fair. A Bor. E.2
fair, cloudy. 13 160 156,5 E. 2
cloudy, rain. 14 82154 157 157
do. fair, id 86 871 92156 161, 5160
Ifair. 16 30.02 30.05130 051158 166 166 | E.
ido. fo 121 09 00 02 1165 00 171 1829.98 29.91 29.85 170 175 171
E. 1978 721 61
2 4 S. 20 591 691
ISW.4 zil 76 72 74
176,5 I SW.4 W. da. 22 95 30.01 30.01
IN W. 2 23/30.01 01 29.93
do. 2429.8829.82 851173
fog. fair. T 37,5 25 94 95 94 179
fair. T 87 26 92 851 8083 193
S.4 SW.4 I do. T 94 27 731 73 9183
SW.2 NW.4 Hovercaft. 2830.00 30.01 30.0367,5173
fair. 29 06 00 29.991,66,577 Ne. SW.
do, 3029.99'29.87 85 70 80 74 SW.