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111. It may eally be imagined, that sudden gust of wind, while it was inthese brilliant fucceffes aopimated the dating, made two rents seven feet long zeal of all the curious in the metropo- near the top, which could not but in lis; and that many efsays were made to some measure prevent the promised repeat the same experiments upon a effe&. It swelled, however, in 11 mismaller scale. Our author, accord. nutes sufficiently to raise it above 240 ingly, in a third chapter, men tions a toises; it floated to the diftance of nearnumber of these secondary attempts ; ly, 1700 toises; and, after having been in upon which we fhall dwell no longer the air about eight minutes, it subsided than only to observe, that they fuc- gradually in the wood of Vaucreffon. ceeded with globes made of gold-beat. The annimals in the cage were safely er's skin ; and only 12 inchesin diame- landed. The sheep was found leeding; ter, which being thought the least that the cock had received some hurt on could be made to ascend, considering one of his wings, probably from a kick that the proportionate weight of the of the sheep: the duck was perfealy materials increase as the bulk is dimi: . well. pilhed, were called minimums.
VI. M. Montgolfier determined IV. M. Montgolfier junior, having now to repeat the experiment under arrived at Paris a few days before the more favourable circumstances, and experiment at the Champ de Mars, more at his leisure. He, therefore, was desired by the royal Academy of made a new balloon, in a garden, in Sciences to repeat the experiment of the Fauxbourg St. Antoine, which Annonay. He accordingly confru& measured 70 feet in height, and 46 ed, in a garden, in the Fauxbourg St. feet in diameter. A gallery of wicker Germain, a balloon of an elliptical was contrived round the apperture at form, 70 feet high and 40 feet in dia. the bottom ; under which an iron meter. It was lined both inside and grate or brazier was suspended, and outside with paper. Its power ofar. port.holes opened on the inside of the cenfion was found, upon calculation gallery, towards the aperture, through to be about 1250 lb. it was filled in which any person cui robur et as triten minutes by the burning of solb. plex circa pe&us fuerit, who might of Atraw and 10 lb. of chopped wool. venture to ascend, might feed the fire It was loaded with a weight of soolb. on the grate, and thus keep up the and ascended, faftened to ropes on the vapour, smoke, or as we rather ap. 12th of September, in the presence of prehend, the dilitation of the air, in the deputies of the Royal Academy. this vast cavity. But it proving a very rainy day, the On the igth of O&tober, M. Pilatre whole apparatus was so eflentially da: de Rosier, no doubt the moft intriped maged, that it was not thought.proper philosopher of the age, placed himself to set it loose.
in the gallery, ascended about so feer V. We come now to the experi. from the ground, and there kept the meut made on the roth of September, balloon afloat for some time, by rein the presence of the King and Queen, peatedly throwing straw and wool the Court, and all the Parisians who upon the fire. In this experiment it could procure a conveyance to Ver. was found, that the descent of a globe sailles.' This bailoon was 57 feet high (provided no extraordinary-accident and 41 in diameter. Its power of happeoed to it) muft necessarily be afcenfion, allowing for a wicker cage, gradual; and that it will always light containing a sheep, a cock, and a duck, softly upon the ground, fince, in fact, which was suspended to it, was equal in every part of its descent it enters a to 696 lb. As only four days had been denser medium ; whence its velocity allowed for making this machine, it in-falling, will rather be retarded than could not, therefore, bé lined with accelerated. On the 19th of October, paper. M. M. had predicted, that it M. P.de R. asceoded a second time, would remain in the air about 20 min about 250 feet. After continuina lianates; and, with a moderate wind, tionary about eight minutes, a gust of mig'it Roat to a diftance of about 2000 wind carried the balloon among come toises. But, helides fome imperfection trees, where it intangled itself so as to in the constructida, owing to the great in danger is being torn to pieces. But. hurry in which it had been mads, 1
on M. R. throwing fome fresh ftraw fant destruction. He then became upon the fire, it immediately reascend-i outrageous ; quickly clapped wet ed,amid the loud acclamations of a vast sponges to the burning holes ; and multitude of people, who little expect. vowed that, if his companion would ed to see lo sudden a recovery. The now descend, he would take upon balloon was then hauled down, and M. himself the whole blame of having Giron de Villette placed himself in the 'thus shortened their navigation. M. gallery opp lite to M. R. They were P. de R. at length listened to his ur. once more let up; and, for some time, gent solicitations ; but on approachhovered over Paris, in the light of all ing the earth they found that they its inhabitants, at the height of 324 were descending immediately over the feet
Seine ; and fearing least they might VII. Matters seemed now ripe for ' be carried away by the current of air i a free aerial navigation. A finoke that generally attends Areams of wa.
balloon, very Amilar to the one last ter, the Marquis was glad to affift in descr: bed, was prepared to go off at torowing fresh ftraw upon the fire ; la Muette, a royal palace in the bois and thus they rose again to a consi de Boulogne, where, we are informed, derable height. On their next ap. the King's children now usually reside. proach to the earth, the Marquis see All things being ready, on the 2ift of ing the danger they were in of being November, M.Pilatre de Rozier took spitied on the weather.cock of the his post in the gallery, and the Mar. Invalids, haftily threw a freth bundle qu.D'ARLANDES, a major of infan- of straw upon the fire, and even spread try, placed himself on the opposite side it, in order to raise a greater blaze..-of this gallery as a counterpoire to The carried them over a great part preserve the equilibrium of the ma- of Paris, where they iook care to clear chine. After repairingiome' damage all the steeples, &c. and paffiog the done to the balloon in a firft efíay, Boulevard, they landed safely in a it was, at 54 minutes after one, abro field near Bicetre, without having lutely abandoned to the element; and experienced the leaft real inconveniit ascended with great rapidity. ency. The diftance they went was
When there bold anventurers were between 4 and 5000 toises. They were about 250 feet ju the air they waved in the air about 25 minutes. The their hats to the astonished niultitude; collective weight of the whole appabut they foon after rose too high to ratus, including that of the two travel. be dißinguilhed, and are thought to lers, was between 16 and 1700 lb. and have soared 10 an elevaticu of about when they landed, they had twogooo feet. The viitory of this navi. thirds of their combustibles ftill left gation (as we collect, not from this in fore. book, but from private information VIII. The book we are here rewhich we have reason to think au. viewing, was, no doubt, printed, and thentic) is, in fact, the hiftory of the perhaps publifhed, before the exhi.. dlarins of the Marquis D'Arlandeş. bition of a second aerial navigation When he found himself so high that (which may more properly be termed recould oo longer dutinguish the ob a voyage), since the author makes no jcits upon earth, he thought both his mention of it. As we wish to lay beami tion and his curiofit y fufficiently fore our readers a complete summary gratified, and desired his companion of all that has been hitherto done in to cease laying firaw upon the fire, this extraordinary business, we shall that they might descend. M.P. de here collect, from asiavits, and other Rozier, forever, deaf to these re. authentic aocounts, the most friking mod frances, continued his operations, circumstances of this bold enterprize. and the Marquis continued murmur. The globe prepared for this expe. ing. At length, being at the higheft dition, was made like that of the elevation above mentioned, the latier Champ de Mars (No. II.) of gore perceived some holes burnt in the of riik, alternately red and white, and rices of tire balloon, and likewise heard glazed with some sort of gum. It fony (126snang ire top of ihe man was spherical, and measured 26 feet C..!e, 1.okä tiili. tu wiewace in. in diameter. It was filled with infiam
.mable air, the making of which alone toises. No acclamation, no sound was, coft gooo livres The expence of the heard, for the multitude stood filent whole apparatus amounted to po less with fear and amazement. The nathan 10,000 livres. A net was spread vigators, however, gave signals of over the upper hemisphere, which their security, by frequently waving fu? ported a hoop that surrounded two pennaits ; and M. Charles apthe middle ; to this hoop was suspend. prized his friends below that they ed, by means of several cords, a boat, were easy and happy, by a note he that swung at a small distance below threw down among the crowd. After the bottom of the globe, and which continuing a thort time stationary, was so finely ornamented, as to de they perceived themselves moving a serve, in this refpe&t, the name they nearly horizontally, in the direction gave it at Paris of a TRIUMPHANT of N. N. W. Finding ihat some of CAR. In order to prevent the burit. the in Aammable air evaporated, they ing of the globe in a rarefied medium, discharged some ballast, and soon after an opening had been left with a valve observing that the heat of the sun dilat. to it, which gave vent to the interior ed the inflammable air, they suffered air, but suffered none of the exterior some of it to escape; and thus they to enter. A long tilken pipe or gut kept pretty nearly in the same level. proceeded from this aperture, the far In this manner they foured twice ather end of which one of the naviga cross the Seine; and over many towns tors held in his hand, and thereby and villages, the surprize of wbore inobtained a considerable command habitants can more ea lily be conceivover the inflammable air. The car' ed than described. About 56 minutes was ballafted with fand bags. By after their departure, they found' these means they hoped, and in fact themselves out of fight of Paris ; they they succeeded, to guide themselves then descended so low as to skinn in point of elevation, for, by letting along the surface of the ground, and some of the air escape, they naturally conversed with several labourers descended, and on discharging some in the fields : seeing a hill before them of their ballait they were sure to as they caft fome of their fuperfluous cend.
clothing out of the car, and thus clearThe ift of December last was fixeded the eminence. They now made a upon for this pompous display. Two comfortable meal. Finding themselves hundred thousand people affembled in near the Ine D'Adam, where the and gear the garden of the Thuille. Prince of Conti has a Palace, they aries. The apparatus flood on a scaf. gain approached the ground, enquired folding raised for the purpose, in the after the Prince, and were told that middle of a piece of water, to prevent he was at Paris. At forty five minutes its beiog approached by the multi. after three they found themselves 0rude. Upon this it refied, merely by ver Nefle, a small town about nine the weight of the ballast in the car. leagues (twenty seven English miles) The friends of the navigators had from Paris. And there, after sliding fiored it with plenty of provision and a little way along the surface of the clothing ; besides which, proper in- ground, they alighted gently, and ftruments were also embarked. A without the least fhock or concuffion, small balloon, which had been pre in a field. pared for the purpose, was offered to Of a great number of those who had M Montgolfier, who, at the request galloped after the balloon from the of M. Coarles cut the string by which Thuilleries, only the Dukes de Charit was heid, and by this allegory fa tres and Fitz James, and Mr. Farrer, citly received the tributary homage an English gentleman, who had relays due to him and his brother as the au posted in the dire&tion of the wind, arthors of the invention,
rived a few minutes after the landing. At 40 minutes after one Messrs. The others either lamed or killed their Ciarles and Robert ascended the Car. horses or grew tired of the pursuit. They threw out 19 lb. of bullast, and After the warmeft congratulations, an inftaotly rore, with an accelerated ve. affidavit was drawn up, and ligaed by locity, to the height of about 300 all the parues present.
M. Charles now declared his inten. promile to the Duke de Chartres, he tion to reascend alone; but to this the resolved to defcend,--.he suffered. Duke de Chartres consented, only on some of the inflammable air to escape, condition that he would return in and he was moreover afined by the balf an hour. M. Robert alighted, coolgess of the evening which conand by the diminution of his weight, deosed that air. The globe was about che machine acquired a power of half emptied when it settled geatly in ascenfion equal to about Toolb. a lallow, about three miles from the
M. Charles made a signal to a place from whence it had afcended Dumber of peasants wholeaned against The second time. This second Right the edge of the car to keep it down to lafted about 35 minutes. All the inAwithdraw ou a sudden, which being convenience ne had experienced in done, he rushed into the air, with that elevated region, was a dry, Harp great velocity. In ten minutes he cold, with a pain in one of his ears, thought himself at the elevation of and a part of hs face ; wbich he about 1500 toires. The globe being ascribed to the dilatation of internal pow in lo rarefied a medium swelled air. We must here observe, that the confiderably, but fome of the infam. (mall balloon let off by M. Mont. miable air being let out, it rose Aill golfier was found at Vincennes, in a higher. The barometer which besore direction opposite to that taken by the his departure ftood at 18 inches 4 lines, great balloon. A circumstance which had now fallen to 18 inches 1o lioes. proves the different directions of wind The thermometer from yd sabove o, at different elevations, whence na or the freezing point ou Reaumur'a: finall advantages may probably be scale, had funk to sd. below o.. A dif- derived, Qould aerial navigation ever ference of about 28d. of Farenheit's be reduced to pradlice. Thus far the fcale. From these data the elevation experiments hitherto made.id of the globe was eft.inted at 1524 coises. * The scene that here presented itself, mud so doubt have been aw. í vetera pars Anima per totum difta ful and sublime beyood description.
Luc. M Charles had seen the sun setting IT is a fine entertainment to take Llore lie left the land, but it soon
la view of the human soul, as she is rose to him again, and not long after seated in all her grandeur ; dispenses he saw it let a second rime. Tre va. her orders to the various members ; yours rising iron the ground colle&t.
and prefides in the court of the seoses. ed clouds under his feet, covered the
The soul of man, as it labours under entil, and concealed it froin bis light:
many inconveniences and dishonours The moon mone, 2.d its pale light from its present union to the body; so pread various hues over the fantar.
it also enjoys come dignities and satisBaiornis of these accuinulated mai
factions, of which a created (pirit un. fes. No wonder that the first mortal
embodied is, per haps, utterly incapa. ose who ever, in such circumstances,
bie. On the one hand, innumerable" btheid so majestic a cene, could not
parus aud laoguors bang like so many refrain from medding tears of joy and acimitaiiont. But recollecting now his from the fleth : on che contrary, a thou* Ve fufpect rome error here. Bv.
iaud delights (pring up in the senses, ite Formula we can make :0 niore
glide (moothly into the brain, paint anan 8000 ltet, or about one bile sari
Tut imagination, and (male upon the
louis inli of this elevacioni.
+ This part or our narrative is It is a pleasant speculation, to reprechielly extracied from the accuoi sent the miad as the fits retired in her M. Charles bas himself given to the sucrer apartment and collected in herself Koyal Academy of his various feelings judges o! the severaldifferent reports of during this extraordinary navigat . inere;fcs. Nomonarch on his throne Pew tb ngs, in our opinior, are lefar is alteaded by rervants so diligent, expitturart than the ingrellions he de act and numerous. Tne eyes waken Tived from time magnificent di.piny and roll about for her recreation and di (bu hirp, hd the norels of his impiortiment ; infarin ber of the pro
miscuous colours of objects; and fill · Sight is the most neceffary of all the preleut her with some fine and elegant senses, for the well-being of the living mature. The ears open to entertain her world. However difficult it may seem with the miftery of lovods, warn her to determine, which of the senses is of discords and a harsh qoise, or trans most necessary for the individual, it is purt her with the heavenly Atraius of very plaio, fight is of the greatett imbarmony. She determines upon rastes portance to the species. All mankind by the various reports of the palate ; might, perhaps, Atill live in communithe olfactory perves regale her with ties, and maintain their forms of goincense and perfume ; and the ideas veroment, without the senses of smell, of touch travel up to her throne or taste, or hearing, but it would be through a million of different roads. next to impoffible for them to fubfift By a single act of her will, she can com were an universal blindness scattered mand an army of bones and tendons through the race. and at least afty complaisant muscles The several senses in the pofseflion land ready to fatter her whenever of man, appear to me to observe the the is disposed to laugh.
following order and method, as they Among the numerous organs of the
ascend gradually one above another.
The lowest of all is that of smelling, body, pone entertaios the foulin a more agreable manner than the Eye. All
Next above, and of a very near alnature is covered with charms ioallure
finity to this, is the taste. As the and transport the lacuity of reeing. For
hearing is a much nobler power than this, the light plays about the fields of
either of them, so it employs more orther, and paints the earth about
gang, acts in a ftronger manner, and us with its various landscapes. The
enjoys a much wider compass of opeglow of blosioms in the spring, the
ration. The fight crowas the wbole: changing verdore of the summer groves
It is of more importance in its uses; the bluth of the autumnal fruits, or the
more various in its pleasures ; more vofullied luftre of the snows in winter,
arbitrary in its action, and as much are owiog to its promiscuous rays. It
quicker in dispatch, as it commands is to this that even the lovely fex owe
a larger sphere in which to exert it. their moft refflers eraces. It scattere ell. My reader will observe, that I the fair temple, and the rosy cheek
bave left the feeling egtirely out of this with its blended colours ; lights up a
scale of sense, as it possesses no parti. circle of beauties round the exa&t form;
cular place of excellence, but is a kind and kindles a rapture in the heart
of general medium to them all. Or, to of the spectator.
[peak more intelligibly, the imell, the
tafe, the hearing, and the light, are all If the delights of the eye are very but so many different modes of seeisuperior, no less wonderful is its struc
iog. ture, and manner of operation. Thos If the fight claims the precedence of the theory of founds is perplexed with the other senses, how great should be greater mysteries than that of vision, Our commiseration to those few unhapand there have been more nice ad. py parts of our species, who from vances made in the knowledge of the their birth are loft in a total blindness. eye than of the ear : yer the visive fa. They can form no idea of the most culty still remains full of curiofities and beautiful scenes in nature ; and are in wonders, to amule the ingenious, and a manner dead to the sublimeft (atis. puzzle the inquifitive. The several fadioas of life. They wander in Mades humonts that refract and rein per the' and darkness, among all the glories of rays of light, as tney pass througir to colour and light. Neither the delicagild the retina ; the several tunicles cy of blush in the skies, nor the glow of that invest and seperate them ; toge the weftero heavens in the evening, ther with the muscles that give them can give one single joy to dawn upon their sudden and easy roll, and the their fancy. The gloom of midnight, nerves which propagate the sensation and the blaze of noon are alike to to the brain, are so many demonstra. them ; and they are equally inseosible tions of ap All wise Creator ; and of the fierce (plendour of the fun, and firike the admiring philosopher into a the folter lights of the less, or more Profouad revereace and devotion. difant luminaries.