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taught him, that a woman's affections may be gained after marriage, by any husband, who will be kind and attentive. I was informed that my amia ble friend was led trembling like a lamab to the altar ; and that, while the sacrifice was performing, her cheeks faded ; till at length the fell lifeless to the ground,
Evil thoughts, which I indulged with conscious guilt, began now to enter my mind. I wished for the death of Price. I even prayed my God in the agony of my soul, that he would blatt him with the lightning of Hea. ven. Is not Maria, I exclaimed, my kindred spirit ? It is subverting the decrees of Providence to separate us from each other.
Many months passed away ; and I beard nothing more of Maria. The torment, which I endured, at last grew intolerable. I die, raid I to my father, unless you permit my return to my native country. I have an indulgent parent. He saw my dir. tress, and was touched with pity. My mother interceded. He granted my request.
The journey was long; but as I rode night and day, I soon completed it. It is three weeks fince I arrived. I looked not to the right hand or to the left, till I saw the house of Maria's father. The east wind blew, when I alighted at the gate. The branches of two large elms, under the Diade of which I had often ruminated with delight, Mook with discord. A spaniel, a favourite of Maria, met me at the door. The poor creature's limbs trembled, as he leaped upon me. I entered the house ; and the first object, which presented, was Charles fitting before the fire, with a minia. ture picture of his sister in his hand. His eye was fixed upon it ; tears flowed down his cheek. I felt their cause immediately. Is Maria dead ? cried I in an agony. Charles, who knew 110t that I was in the room, till he heard my voice, started up, and prefling my right hand in both of his. Yes, faid he, te is relieved from all her
out her heart. She pined. Her hur band endeavoured to console her mind and to restore her health. His assiduities served only to embitter her anguish. She refigned herself to her grief. It continued to prey upon her conftitution, till at length the springs of life were totally destroyed. She died four weeks before I arrived. In her laft moments, Me called Charles to her bed fije. See, my brother, said the, the vidim of prudence. My beloved Frank, I truft, will be satisfied with this proof of my affections. Tell him, that however my person has been disposed of, my soul has not ceared a moment to be his. But you need not tell him this : I will declare it to him mysell in heaven. I know he cannot survive me long. I shall meet him soon.
Y es, amiable girl, I will follow you. I find my health begios to decline. I have just strength sufficient to carry me to the grave of Maria, where I Spend whole days in weeping over the rods, which cover her remains. My physician forbids me to indulge this Juxury any more. I will not obey his commands ; for why should I wish to live? No: I will suffer my life to waffe away.
Myftory will not intereft many; but as it may preserve some of feeling hearts from following too closely the di&tates of an exceffive prudence, I requeft, gentlemen, that you would publish it. Love is puerile and triAing in many intances ; but it fre• quently gains such posseffion of the roul, that it cannot, and ought not to be controlled by the cold maxims. of the prudent and the insensible.
FRANCIS COBHAM. April 22d.
To the Editors of the Boston MA
CAZINE, Gentlemen, The Aattering marks of your approbation bestowed, in your Magazine for March, upon my proposals for a poem, have encouraged me to send you the inclored,which, I hope, you will receive favourably, I am, your's &c.
SECRETUS, THAVE express'd to you my feellings upon reaching the coast of A.
I have but little more to add. The marriage of Maria gave a wound to her breaft, which dever could be healed. She confidered herself as a crimioal in bestowing her person with
merica after an absence of many served, each seeming absorbed in the months, Although above 300 miles dis. contemplation of the surrounding obtant from my native place, I fancied jefs. Upon reaching the tavern we myself at home ; and the prospect of could cot help congratplating each ro roon visiting my friends contracted other upon the foll completion of our the diftance between Philadelphia and most fanguine expe&ations. Bofton into a mere span,in comparison This building is neatness itself ; it of the vaft Atlantick, which had lepa is built wholly of fione ; even the rated me from them but a short time partitions between the apartments are belore.
of the same materials ; these are plafMy latt informed you that we should tered, and white washed fo exceedingproceed homewards by the forteftly white, as make the looking upon course ; but the pleasing accounts them painful to the eyes ; the house which we heard of Bethlehem, greatly is divided into a great number of excited our curiosity, and to gratily rooms for the accommodation of trathat powerful incentive we were in vellers i we were attended with a duced to alter our intended rout, and chearfulness extremely pleaficg, and vifit that terrefirial paradise. I thall had each wish gratified in ro obliging not take up your time in complaints a manner, as to fully compensate for of bad roads and worse accommodatie the bad entertaioment on the road... ons, but inform you, that on the after After a refreMing night's fleep and a noon of the second day from our set- social breakfaft, our whole party, conting out from Philadelphia, as we were duded by one of the minifters of the passing folitarily between two over place, went out to view every thing hanging rocks, we suddenly found our worthy of notice, of which I now selves on the banks of a winding river; mean to give you an account. and the beauty of the prospe at which T he towo contains about roo houses immediately presented itself to view, besides the public edifices, all built of left no room to doubt that we had ar: a very rough fone, in the fimpleft rived at the end of our excursion, in manner. The church, the fingle firfa&, Bethlehem was situated on the ter's house, the fiogle men's house and oppofite fide. The view of this place the minifter's house, are the moft firikes a traveller very agreably, it is Ariking objeds. We for it visited the in itself beautiful, and the pleasure fipgle filters. At the door of their arising from a view of its beauties is house we were met by the abbess, who not a little heightened, by the reflects with the truett politeness, conducted on, that you have a'tained to the end us into every chamber; we were much of a very disagreeable ride. The gratified at the right of this Temple of town is built in a verdant valley Induftry, each chamber, which is large plentifuly watered by <he Delaware, and commodious, is set apart for some
The banks of this fresh water river. branch of useful manofadures; in one afford a moft romantick fpe&tacle, as were five or six looms, at which the they are covered to the very waters fifters were weaving lionen of various edge with Shrubs of myrtle, and other qualities ; in others, numbers were verdure, which are suffered to thoot in carding wool, spinning, knitting, and all their natural luxuriancy. The al. making various parts of wearing apmost impenetrable woods on the rur: parel. After juft looking into these sounding hil's, serve, not only to give rooms we visited the kitchen and bed an idea of an entire feclusion from a room ; here their neatness is moft parwicked world, but reftrain the eye, ticularly observable. The kitchen and fix the attention upon the many where two young women were prebeauties brought into one point of paring dinner for the whole lifter hood, .view. I believe there are few who was perfeâly cool, clean and neat ; a reach this spot, but ftop rome minutes wumber of coppers built in brick, to regale the fight, that moft delicate serve to dress each days provifion, of the senses.
which are either boiled or baked, There refte Aions occur'd to me roaft dishes, I found, they were utter while crofling the river ; during this strangers to. The bed room extende Mort pasagethe ftri&eft Glence was ob over the whole house, and is it al
placed above 100 beds, regularly dif- This particolar account of the fiogle pored in four ranges, two on each Alters House has anticipated my obserfide, ro as to leave a clear walk in the vations upon that of the single men; middle ; this room has an open win- indeed they are both built upon the dow at each end, which serve as ven fame plan, and in general the same tilators ; a large lamp is sur pended economy observed ; what is most refrom the centre of the Cieling, with an markable in the latter, is the want of opening over it to let out its finoke. that extreme neatness so much adTwo young women watch here every mired in the former. This want of night; this duty is performed in ro Deatness in the men's apartments tation, so that each undergoes ao arises, principally, from a seclusion equal Mare of fatigue.
from the fernales, and I think proves "After your curiosity has been gra. the advantage, if not the necessity of tifed by a light of these appartments, a social intercourse between the sexes. it is their constant cuftom to lead yon We made but a Mort visit to the miniinto a room, where a number of wo- fter's house, there beiog nothing a. men are busied in embroidery, and bout it that merits particular attenother delicate work. Here they spread tion, except the garden ; which was before you many neat and curious laid out on the declivity of a steep bill, pieces of nun's work ; and so great is but has been made quite levei by the the general admiration of every thing industry and indefatigable persevebelonging to this enchanting spot, rance of the single sifers ; who, with that few depart without purchasing their own hands, raise the lower part fone tride or other, and are perfe&tly many feet. satisfied at paying double its value. Each of the public buildings has 2
Such is the fingle fifter's House ; large garden, where nature maintains neatoess and fimplicity are its peculiar her place, and fuffers no encroachcharacter ficks, and piety and iaduftry ment from her handmaid art. We atdiftinguish its inhabitants ; but not tended them at their devotions in the withstanding the pleasure received church. This is built with the from this vifit, I cannot say that I fame disregard to ornamental archiformed a fingle will to partake of such tecture as the rest of the town; abont a life; they do not appear happy. twenty paintings, representing the
To them the loxuriant valley and the principal passages of our Saviour's romantick river seem to have no life, are hung upon the walls ; but, charms; the want of exercise and a that ir mould not appear that they continual sedentary occuparion has were placed there rolely with a view given their countenances a most death to ornament the building, they are
Tike paleness. Their dress, though without frames, even of the simpleft 0:- perfectly neat, does not at all serve to kind. The service was in German,
adorn their persons. Their habit is a and you may suppore, not very edify. Thort waiftcoat which covers the neck, ing to me ; but the mosic was exceland a petticoat of white linnen ; their lent ; this being, if I may be allowed hair is carried back from the forehead, the expression, the language of nature, covered by a linnen cap of a moft on and addressed to the leelings, is intelbecoming form ;contrived to let close ligible to every nation. The church to the head, to cover the ears, and tye is built near the single filter's house, under the chin, their only ornament and the passage between them is inis a plain strip of mullin of about two closed with a very high wall, that the
inches wide, Turrounding the head and women may go into the church unBu fyed in a small bow behind ; this I call observed. Tue seats for the naen are
their only ornament, for though the diftin&t from those of the women, and * caps of the fingle women are tied un this attention to keeping the lexes a
der the chin with a red ribbon, and, part from each other is observed even those of the married women with blue, after death; for even the burying yet I found this was not intended as ground is divided into two pirts ; one an ornament, but merely as a difin for the males, and the olier for the gaishing badge.
females. This repofi:ory or the dead CAPO
is laid out with the most exact uni fion is made for them in the young formity, into beds of turi of about se- men's house. ven fett in length. It is the custom Industry is no less a chara&teriftic of upon the death of any member of the men th 10 of the women. They their society, to place the body in a have established a brewery for strong Imall building at the corner of the beer, which they sell to a profit, lower burying ground, 'till certain marke down the river ; they have a fulling of putrefaction take place ; then the mill, an oil mill, and most handicraft body is interred in one of these beds. trades are carried on here. They are The smallest infant is allowed the exceedingly ingenious, and well verfame space wito the tallest adult, to
red in the principles of Mechanicks ; avoid breaking in upon their much the water works are a proof of this. loved regularity. Perhaps you have A stream of water turns a large wheel no idea of childien in this fociety, or with great rapidity, which, working of the distinction between married and four forcing pumps, raises a body of single filters ; the keeping the sexes water into a reservoir more than 100 lo entirely seperate you look vpon as feet high; from this the water is conan insuperable bar to marriage, in. veyed, by leaden pipes, into every ceed this is one of their most peculiar house in the town. There useful works customs. Their ministers or priests were contrived and executed by a luie over them with an unbounded German, one of the society, and fo fway, and their decisions are regarded fimple is the machinery, that they as infallibly rending to the best. It is have continued free from obftruation, the custom for the abbess to inquire and without needing repair, upwards of the women if any of them with to of thirty years. marzy; the minister does the same Thus I have given you as accurate with the men. The names of the cao. and just an account of every thing redidates are placed on two lifts, and
markable in this place, as my short the first of each list proposed as com
acquaintance here will allow ; you panions for life ; if the parties do not
may depend upon it I have not exageapprove of the proposed match, they
rated in a fingle inftance, but have hiv a right to difient ; but have no
given you plain truths, with my real other choice till the next is formed. sentiments upon them. We expect This privilege of refusal is seldom ex- be detained here a few days longer ; if, ercised. So great is their veneration
during that time, I can colleat any of the commands of their fuperiors, particulars of the history of this settieand to form is their reliance upon ment, and of their principal tenets, you Providence, 'that they think the per
may depend upon my communicating fons thus pointed out must be, in eve them to you. ry respect, best suited lo them. I am informed there has never happened an infiance of an unhappy marriage.
I be following observations were This must arse, in a great measure written by a gentleman for from ineir high sense of duty; for we bis ocun inspection, without cannot suppoie, thai persons thus arbitrarily joined ca" feel any love for
any thought of their meeting each other. As soon as a couple is the cye of the public, and are inarried, the society build them a small houle, and advance Come money
printed at the request of the to enable them to maintain a family. friend, who desired him to 'Their children pass the first years of their lite with the r parents, and are
employ his mind upon the subinstructed at the public school. At a jezi. proper age the girls are admitted a
The author begs that they may be mong the fiogle rifera, and the boys are appienticed to various trades ; considered, rather as observa. bit, till marriagt, the greater pro tions upon the question, than portion of the fruits or their industry as added to the public funds, as provi a Juu anja
a full answer to it.
..... Nec fit terris
ture of sugars, indigo, coffee, &c. Ultima Thule. Seneca. and by the exportation of there, and Q. Has the discovery of America various other natural productions, with been useful or hurtful to mankind ?
which these fertile regions abound.
On the Northen Continent, the TN answering this question, man
English Celonifts have derived advanI kind must be considered either in
tages from the furs and fitheries of a general view, or as diftinguished
those immense regions, as well as by into several classes, viz.
the culture of corn, rice, tobacco, &c. The emigrants from Europe to.
the breeding of cattle, and the manuAmerica, and their pofterity.
fadure of iron. The inhabitants of the Old World.
It has been supposed that the trade The Aboriginal Americans, and
in lumber, has been greatly serviceable The Negroes of Africa and the
to the Northern Colonies, but except. advantages, or disadvantages, either
ing that which is cut and drawn in COMMERCIAL, POLITICAL ORMORAL,
the winter: the lumber trade has been which have arisen to each class, muft
rather a damage, as the spring, which be diftin&tly itated.
on account of the swelling of the rivers To mankind in general, considered
is the proper time for sawing boards, as subjects of their Creator, and ob.
is also the time for inclofing and pre. servers of his works, it may be said,
paring the fields for seed, the benefit that the discovery of America, has
arising from which, far exceeds that produced benefits of a philosophical from the exportatioo of lumber. Since kind. It has given them more, 1775, it has been found by experience sublime apprehenfions of the works of
that the Popping of the lumber trade, God, by, leading them the better to
has driven the people to the cultivationderftand the frame and balancing,
on of their lands, which has much im. of the terraqueous globe, by opening
proved their substance, and rendered to their view, many species of animiis
the necessaries of life more plenty. and vegetables,with which they were
Wherever the lumber trade is followed before unacquainted, with the wise
to the exclusion of the husbandry, the and bountiful provision, which the
people are more dependent for their author of nature has made for their
living, and more depraved in their preservation and defence. It has
morals, than where husbandry is the proved the source of many learned
principal employment. enquiries, in which the human under
The trade of America has been irftanding has been exercised and ing.
timately conne&ted with that of Europe. proved. It has also enriched the me
All the productions of America, have dical art with divers valuable acquisi.
brought COMMERCIAL ADVANTAGES tions before unknown. In a word, the
into the hands of the EUROPEAN8. The discovery of America has much enlarge
fisheries, the furs, the sugars, the toed the field of science, and there is yet
bacco, the indigo, the corn of the new ample scope for the fons of science to
world, have filled the European mar. ezpatiate in, and make new disco
kets; and the gold and silver drawn veries for ages to come.
from the mines of America, have cirBut let us attend to the abovemen
culated thro' Europe, and rendered woned diftintions.
thore precious metals more common The principal view of the EUR CPEAN
and easy to be procured. In some EMIGRANTS, is coming to America,
instances herhaps, there treasures have was to obtain COMMERCIAL ADVAN.
been misapplied. Charles 5th. by the TAGES, and they have in a great de.
aflftance of his American revenue, gree been successful. I'n South America,
extinguished the last gleam of liberty the Spaniards, and Portuguese have
in Caftile. Burgundy fell under the found immense mines of gold, silver
weight of the same power, in the hands apd diamonds, with which they have
of Philip 2d. The kingdom of Spain kreatly enriched themselves. In the has been drained of inhabitants, and islands and on some parts of the Con
its cultivation and manufactures greattinent, the English, French and Dutch ly impaired,by means of ita connexion bave raised ereat fortunes by the cul. with America, but the other maritime