תמונות בעמוד

MTATURE stands ready to strike the Lyre, while

I the Genius of Liberty presents a medal of the illustriOUS MAN who hath defended ber standard in this new World.Fame blows her trumpet, and Astrea finds a part of the earth where she may fix her residence,

Acknowledgments to Correspondents.

THE Editors of the Magazine are fenfible of the reo I gard paid to them by their Correspondents. The author of the Free Republican, and the very refpectable gentleman, who favoured us with his sentiments upon the question of the Academy of Lyons, Whether the discovery and settlement of America, hath tended to the advantage and happiness of the World? And others, whose speculations would have done horour to our publication will excuse our not inferting them this month: Due respect shall be shown to them in our next.

Erratum. Page 25.1, før “Matin's; to Mutius.

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On the Love of Fame. the most indolent creatures existingi

were he to be directed by reafon aHonos alit artes, omnesque incendun- lone; the flow progressive steps of this 'tur ad ftudia gloriæ.

faculty, would retard action, and freTulc. Queft l. 1. quently while he was contemplating HE vast variety that pres the means to obtain any end, while he

fents itfel, upon the nighiert was examining every objection that * reflection, to our minds ; could be made to each different mode endeavouring to raise, to dispense hap ences. The lawyer muft be acquain, piness to his country, and to leave ted with his profession, the physician lasting monuments of his and her must be skilled, before either can have fame. The Divine finds in this,full any confidence placed in them. Ba: compensation for his toilfome hours in this order, learning is negle&ed, of study, to render pleasing the divine the person who is possessed of peither truths. The scholar, as a reward for knowledge, nor any aitractive virtue, all his researches, alks but Rame. except one, will as probably meet with

the different sources from of action, the opportunity for exertion whicu a&tion appears to origioate, and would be loft. This can only be rethose lo compounded, are frequently.. medied by a sudden impulse, which be productive of an opinion, that the may feel upon presenting the proper miad is incapable of being analyzed, object to excite it. This useful im. But however complicated in its modes pulse is wisely made a part of our of activity, there are still fome strik conftitution. Among the strongest in *ing trails, which upon a nearer view its operations, and, moi beneficial may in a degree tent to develope the parts of our nature, is the Love of subject. The different paflions by Fame to be ranked, 'is chiefly to this which men are agitated, are some of we are indebted for all those noble Cthe mod remarkeble: To pretend to tions, which have so nighly benefited reduce the!e to one source would be man in different ages of the world; nugatory. They appeario be a. Ainct the cold view or intention of doins, and original principles of action though good to mankind, how pra se wortry claffed under the general teron PASSI- foever it may be, would operate wit'i ON3. With various and aintoit in- but (inall force, were it not for ik s finire diferences, do they appear in frong incentive to adion, a londotis dirferent persons; and to their are we for praise. 'Tis from this principle in debet for the largél portions of the warrior encounters dangers and our bapp ací3. Mon, as is observed destruction without dirmay. Tie by a great writer, would be one of salesmen, the patriot is un wearied in


Tis the same in every other employ. Tuccess, as the most dererving. And ment, if any thing excellent is pro- in general, there is but one point neduced. No person perhaps felt ceflary to render a mao successful ; this pafli yn in greater force than that he adheres (the most proper word the author of the extract I have cho. I can get) to a particular system of sen for the head of my piper ; indeed , opinions. Is it posible for an enlightin general we may find it frongest in ened mind to possess the same notions minds the moit noble and of greatest with the man who never enquired?. ability. Cicero possessed of the acute- A father, when his son was just go: ness of the metaphyfician, with all the ing to set out in the world, fays, my enthufarm and imagination of the o- boy, you are poffefsed of good sense, valor and the poet, and certainly, at I know, but as you are unexperienthe same time, with the strongeit judg. ced, a word or two will be useful. ment, roundly declares 'tis from glory, The term Orthodox will frequently be fame alone, arts and (ciences are pur- founded in your ears, 'tis of almost un sued or carried to any extent.

niversal vie ; but remember the meanLet us take a review of our own ing is prejudice, and direct op poộtion country, and endeavour to find if to liberal enquiry. there is not a deficiency in this refpe At- 'Tis from this caure, “That true in some instances. In the political merit is no recommendation," that world, the theatre is large, the bags ro the number of learned Divines is daily hroad, that each one is in some mea- decreasing nothing points out more sure gratified in the universal paflioo; Arongly the necessity of admitting difone can scarcely be so low as not 'to, ferent degrees in this order, than the be able to say, I have some share in non attendance of honour or fame, the direction of public affairs; or, if with the greatest merit ; and this (difhe is so lov in life as not to possess the 'ferent degrees among the clergy) muft qualifications necessary to poflers we suppose be admitted in time, to them, becomes the object of this am preserve the order any way, refpe&a. bition'; and by that ineans the state ble; or perhaps what is better suited is vaftly benefited, as there is a much to the genius of the people. A tranlarger quantum of property than there Qation from one church to ano. would be, if such qualifications were ther, which in effect would-nearly anot required,

mount to the same thing. When a to the higher orders rewards are gentleman fits bimself for the desk, by so well dillributed as to be sufficient inat unwearied application which to keep the mind energetic.

seems particularly necessary in that In civil life, the lawyer, the phyft- walk of life, if he succeeds in gaining cian is prefented wi:h'objects worthy any parın, 'tis as likely he will get one and such as will almoft necessarily ek of the moft insigo ficant living as the çite his ambition..'

contrary ; and when fixed in that fiBut if we consider the fate of ano- tuation, what motive is there for ex. ther moft important order of men, we, traordinary exertion ?here he must mall find their condition greatly differ. remain for life ; no chance for escape. ent ; doomed to drag out life in the until he is relieved by the kind hand fame dull, wearifome track, they and of death, which, I belleve, in secret he very little to raise this boly fire, to frequently wishes for ; but was there urge on to noble endeavour. The before him the noble prospea of rising clergyinan of, merit, when he looks in fame and efteem in the world by round him, and compares his ftuati- great learning, when a living of imon with a man of merit in any other portance became vacant, was it allew. order, fuds the most inortifying differ ble for a man of learning, politeness


On Making Bricks.

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and good fenfe, who was recreted in monwealth for regulatiug the size of fome obscure corner, to be called froid. bricks, &c. Thiele bricks, being ra che cave of reclusion, and inducted to much below the standard, are made this one of eminence;. roine, obje&t with lers clay in proportion than the worthy ambition would be presente larger Cort; for the mould is Glled and ed; the fire would communicate; and struck off, without any pressing of the the order would be filed with m'a of clay 10to the mould, which cannot be merit; and the press would not so fre. done wich a larger rort; and, when queolly groin , with abortions engen. they break into bats, they appear to dred by ignorance and prejudice be honey-combed and porous, receive

. N. E. the weather much sooner than larger

ones, and lead the rains into the recondjisint ; so that some walls, inuch exposed, receive the forms through

them in a very hort time, and often To the Priaters of the Boston MA

furo part of the mortar out of the

VA joint, and what mortar remains in peGAZINE.

rilhes, and turns to a kind of sand, to THE time being now at hand for the great damige of the building:

the making of Brick, it may not clay for making of Brick PROPERbe thougiit wholly useless to make a LX, should be dug up in the fall of few oblervations on that subject in the year, and thould lay in a body the old countries there is a great vari. all the winter, for the froits and raios Ety of bricks, as grey stocks, red to break the lumps and unincorporaftocks, place bricks, red bricks, cut ted particles, and to meliorate and ting bricks, &c. In this country, we prepare it for the working and temperhave but two forts, the one called the jag into montar.. If the clay is temlaod bricks for arches, facia's, &c. pered in the spring by oxen treading Toe other, the common red brick. it, the particles are better broken,and As these latter sort are made at one the mortar mide much tougher, by time, and in such a quantity as to being better prepared thin is commake up what is commonly called a mouly done by labourers turning it kiln, and are then burnt aod sent to over and over, and softening with toa market, it may be of advantage to be great a quantity of water. The morsomewhat particalar abou: them, tar, being well tem pered for the Bricks have been commonly made in moulds, is put into them. The moulds the following method. Sometime in hould be co made, as to turn out a the spring a quantity of clay is dug brick that will measure, after being up, and thrown into a heap for the burned to a cherry red, eight inches, receiving the rain and dew; and, four and two. This fize is the best when the weather permits, it is made and most profitable for the builder, up into what is called by the brick and will take inore of the clay mortar makers a mortar, and put into moulds in proportion to make them, than the prepared for the purpose; then turn. Imall sort that is commonly made ; ed out upon the foor, and when suf, because the mould cannot be filled ficiently dried, piled up in a kilo ; and without prelung or kneading the morthen burnt and made ready for sale, tar into the mould. The bricklayers Some of thern come out of the kiln, will very roon, by frequent using this called by the brick-nakers cherry. Ezé, lay them at the same rate as they red; some hard burnt with glazed, now do the smaller fort; and a saving ends are called clinkers ; others, but will be made on one fifth of the LIME ferle burned are roft, and called chim. MORTAR, Some persons may objeet ney bricks. When a kiln of bricks, to this fize for laying, what is called by confiling of, say, one hundred thou- bricklayers, flemish band, or headers land, is purchaled, the purchaser must and itretchers, but from a little expeexpect the above mentioned three forts rience, they will noon find a sufficient of bricks. There bricks are made number for the outfide, that will preagrecably to the will of the maker, vent the over running the joint. A Bot withstanding a lary of the Com brick and half wall of these fized

bricks, bricks, is better than a two brick proach nigh to that term of time. The wall of the small size ; and a raving renovation of life was attended with also will be made of a perpendicular the moft exquisite pain, scarcely conjoint, in addition to the one afore- ceivable. mentioned. When the bricks are small, the proportion of the lime mor. tar neceffary for laying them, is too Mefli'rs Printers, great for the advantage of the building. If brick walls built in the fall months Being much pleased with some were covered the following winter,


criticisms, in your Magazine, the mortar would adhere much better to the bricks, and would be more firm

upon English authors, from and durable, and not turn out of the Dr. Blair's LeEtures. I beg joints, as is too often the case by being exposed to frequent storms, while in a

that some remarks made by green ftate, and before they are pre- an equally polite writer, the pared to make the relistance neceflary late Dr Goldsmith. upon the for their preservation.

Z. French, may be inserted.
Bolton, April, 1784. '

TT is indeed a misfortune for a fine
I writer to be born in a period lo en.

lightened as ours. The harvest of wit To the Printers of the Boston Ma is gathered in, and little is left for him GAZINE,

except to glean what others have

thought unworthy their bringing a. The following inftance is one from

way. Yet, there are ftill come among many ofthe like nature, which the Frencb, who do honour to the

age, and whole writings will be transsnight,without doubt,be ascer

mitted to pofterity with an ample, tained. It may be relied upon, though a subordinate share of fame: and tends to-illujiraie. Some

some of the most celebrated, are as.

follow; sentiments in philofopby, beld Voltaire, whose voluminous, yet " forth by the author of Obfer- spirited productions, are too well

known to require an eulogium ; does vation, on Maller and Spi- 'lie not resemble the champion mention110

P. ed by Zenophon, of great reputation in

all the gymnastic exercises united, but 2 FRIEND informs me of a inferior to each champion singly, who A fadi waich he had from the excels only in one? person who was the subjeći, that Moviesquieu, a name equally de-. he engaged in some labour upon serving time with the former. The a sandy huli, by the side of a ri. Spirit of Laws is an inftarce, how ver or pond ; his foot unfortunately much genius is able to lead learning. Nip'd, and he fell into tbe water,where Is Systein has been adopted by the it was much deeper than his beigth ; hieruti; and yet is it not poffible for he rose, as is common, once or twice, opaloos equally plaufble to be formand then went to bottom, where he ed upon opposite principles, if a ge. lay upon his back in this situazioni, nius like his could be found to attempt he was sensible for sometime, and says such an undertaking ? He seems more his mind was perfectly calm and un- a poet thau a philosopher. disturbed by the thoughts of approach Rousseau of Geneva. A professed ing diffolution ; his feelings, tie fuys, man hater, or more properly speakwere finilar to those of a person when ing, 4 philosopher enraged with onc upon the poiat of falling into a fine, half of mankind, because they una. found sleep; he can by no means af.' voidabiy make the other half uphap. certain the continuance in this state ; py. Such sentiments are geperally the but he was taken up in about half an result of much good nature, and lithour; and fuppofto, it did not ap. tle experience.


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