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impress mankind with the charms of serves, « that the same principle acvirtue, and to convince them that the "counts for the remarkable fertilityin path of duty was the pat's of honour, " ground after repeated frofis ; proand real happiness. To effe&t this, « vided they are not contioved too bis good fenre told him, nothing " late in the spring. A division ofthe would have a readier tendency than " particles of the earth is necessary to give life to a system of morality. « thar the roots of the plants may " He saw (says a modern writer) that " seek their way through the soil, man was composed of paffions and "and may spread round to a sufficiu imagination, as well as understand "ent extent, to collect their nourish“ing. And farther, that example "ment. “ was the great point which formed It leems to be the intention of your “ the young. There were his general correspondent to establish an idea, that “ principles; and upon there princi- the fertility of the ground depends " ples he reasoned thus. A young on a separation of its particles, and “ person coming into the world wishes that the plant fourses in proportion "io be perfect. But how fhall he to the ease, with which its roots find “ learn? The world is a bad school; their way through the soil. “and precept will not engage his at. Being persuaded, that he was in. “tention. An example would forin

Auenced to offer his sentiments to the him ; but where is it to be found ?

poblic, from the best of motives, “ Nope exists. I will then create one

the cause of truth, I Aatter myself " for him. I will let before him a

that he will not be displeased with the “ model of perfcation. The more he

following observations, which I am "imataies it, the more perfet he will

sure flow from the fame good intentia “be; the more perfect he is, the hap

ons, though in some degree they may pier he will be.” Tois reasoning

seem to militate with his own opiniSurely, cannot be condemned by those

ous. who exhort us to imitate the divine

Although a search into the princiauthor of our religion ; and to be

ples or vegetation is among the most perfect as our Creator is perfect. interesting and plearing enquiries, Convinced therefore, of its great

which have happily fallen to our lot ; efficacy in forming the heart of a

yet from their intricacy, the queftion young person, I cannot but recommend

remains involved in obscurity, and it the frequent and serious contempla is quite uncertain, at this day.wherber

guste uncertam, at this day, whether sion of this character and thank te tion of this character, and thank the the plant is fed solely, either from the author of the parody for his encomi- earth or atmosphere, or jointly from um opon it. Thus employed, a youth both. will have the best security for his mo Your correspondent fuppofes, that rals. He will dare to be virtuous at the plant is fed from the former, for a season of life, when others are de- he rells us, that the frofts cause a divoted to forbidden pleatures. The vision of the particles of the earth, empty coxcomb, and the professed that the roots of the plants thereby libertine will excite his contempt. and Moo: around, with ease. fufficient to he will obtain universal applause by collect their nourishment. That the nobly aspiring to deserve it.

frofts do pulverize the earth, and that T. P.

the roots afterwards thoot with more eale, none I suppose will decy. Bot

it may be questioned whether this mug To the Printers of the Boston MA tation of the earth, merely as it affords CAZINE.

an easy progress to the roots, adds YOUR correspondent A. A. has much to the luxurient growth of the

given us some very useful obrer plant, or we find it true by every vations on the effe&ts of lieu zivig of day's experience, that soils the moft water, which when congealed, and has open and the most easily perforated become icę, occupies more space than are not the moft fertile. betore ; hence he jusly observes, our Ą judicious farmer will plow his vellels are burfted, our pavements clayey and stubborn ground in the become loose, &c. He farther ob. fall of the year, that its tenacity may

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be fubdued by the frosts, during the certain qualities nécessary to vegita. fucceeding winter. This will not only tion, upon which the plant may conmake it easy of culture, but it will stantly feed. If from the atmosphere prepare it to receive, and unable it to those same particles in the manure retain the dews and rains, with which serve to attract like particles floating bodoubtedly, fall a large proportion in the air, upon the principle that siof those qualities necessary to vegeta milar bodies attract each other, and tion. Were not the particles thus in their way to the earth, fall upon separated, the rains, which fall upon and being drunk in by the plant serve the carth, would not penetrate with to nourish it. the saine ease, or in the some propor If the observation be just that there tion, but the greatest part would run are those attra&tive qualities in differo# and sweep away with them that ent kinds of manure, we see the advanfood for the plant which always falls tages which are reaped therefrom by with the dews and rains.

the attentive and industrious husbandmu To plow open and randy lands in

man, more than are enjoyed by the

inaltentive and indolent. the fall of the year, would be as inju. dicious as to leave the clayey and

• Much depends on the time when Stubborn ones unplowed; for a coat of

our lands are manured. If in the grass on such lands is highly to be va

{pring, unless it may be very early,

the manure Tould be plowed in,otherJued, not only for its atiradive qual. ities, but becaure a body of grass with

wise it will be exposed to the heat of

the run, which will cause an evapo. its roots serve to retain the rains and dews, while the soil of itself without

ration of the dampness in the mapure, this coveriog, would be too open,

and exhaufit of many of its vegetaand like a fieve, let everything

ting qualities.

Alihoogia fewer evils will be expe. through.

rienced by covering the manure in the Clayey Coils should be intermixed spring, than will be suffered by its with those of this kind, for thereby remaining on the surface, yet I am they will become more compact, and fully of opinion, tha: it cannot be will, in tim”, contra a degree of te ured with equal advantage in the Dacity fufficient duly, to reclaim the spring as in the fall, and that it ought waters, which fall upon them. The to be spread on our land, the latter undge cohesion of clayey and fub- end of O&ober, however they are born foils may, with the fame ease, to be improved the next year ; at this be reduced by intermixing fand with reason the sun will have but little efthem. An attention to these things feet upon the manure, the attrading thould be among the just cares of the quality will be great through the winhulbandman. He may affea, in a ter, and the ground, by the spring, degree, this defirable obje&, by high- be greatly impregnated with nutrily manuring his lands, if regard is tive particles. had to the different kinds of manure. While I am considering the advanThose which are heayy, such as tages which result from frofts, I may marl, wood ashes, before and after not omit to mention that our grain is toe lees are drawn off, &c. must be often injured thereby. Hard frofts laid upon open and sandy lands, while continuing for a considerable time maures of a different and lighter without rain, prove very injurious to kind, Mould be reserved for his heavy our grain, on dry sandy open soils, foils. A practice of this kind will which very soon loose the little cogreally avail him, and inattention hefion, they acquire by frequent thereto will as certainly deprive him rains, this being deftroyed, they are not only of the beoefits of his manure, blown off by hard gales of wind, and but in some cases will really injure the roots being left bare, the grain his Coil.

foon withers and dies. Maouring our lands is indispenfible Frofts of this kind do not injure the whether the plant is fed from the graiu on our clayey and ftubborn foils. earth ar atmospbere. If from the in such lands it is only injured when tartis, we add thereto in our manures the (roft takes immediately after hea.


vy rains, which being retained gear dam is fituated on the river Amfiel, the top of the ground are prevented and an arm of the sea, called the Y, by the tenacity of the earth from pe at the mouth of the Zuyder-sea; and netrating, loon, far into it. If in this is built in the form of a crescent. It ftare there happens a hard froft, it is Atrongly fortified with a foffe of muft destroy the roots of the grain, great depth and width, with a ram. because the waters so retained in the part of carth faced with brick, carto occupy, when frozen, more Arengthened witb twenty-fix baftions. Space than before, which causes the Io all the chief ftreets are canals thaded body embracing the roots, greatly with trees ; the grandeft is heereto expand, to the deftru&ion of their graft, or canal of Lords. This city fibres, which proves fatal to the contains upwards of 26035 houses ; grain.

and it is supposed about 250,000 inFrom there observations, if true, habitants. The curiofities of this place another may be drawn in favour of are not very striking. The princiintermixing our soils, and thereby pal obje&t which engages the atrepri. deftroy in a degree, the tenacity of on is the stadt houre. It is a moft Ruthe one and increase it in the other. pendous building, erected on 13659 When this is done, one will not be piles of timber, and was finished in blown oft in dry frofty weather, the the year 1655. The pillar cof one other will not retain such quantities of hundred thousand pounds The water as, when frozen, may prove whole expence is computed at 2,000, ruinous to the grain.

000. Versailles coft only eight huo. To avoid many of the ill effeAs of dred thousand pounds. The escurial frofts on our grain (all perhaps never one million. St. Paul's one million, will be avoided) the seed should,when five hundred thousand. St. Peter's, sown, be plowed in, the roots being at Rome, 13,000,000. Norbing pleases deep they will not fo roori be left bare a Dutchman more than to praise this in our light (andy foils, nor so soon building; he confiders it a compliment thrown out by the frofts, in our hard to his ancestors. This building is and clayey grounds. Besides these peculiarly calculated for public utility. heavy tenacious lands should be All public offices are under this roof. plowed in small divifions, so as to The paintings in the several rooms leave a middle or hollow furrow every are excellent : The sculpture admira. four feet. By this mode of plowing, ble. You enter by seven {mail porour lands will be thrown into very ches, in allusion to the reven ftates, Darrow beds, and the waters be drain. But this ruins the front profpe&. Ined into these deep furrows. From Atead of seven small entries, which them they muft fall into ditches, appear in proportion to the building which must be made in different parts only like port holes, it would have of the field, and from them into the made a much nobler appearance, had neighbouring vallies. This mode I there been a rise of Aeps and spacious have seen practised with great fuc- doors. It now appears very lieficient cess.

in point of archiie&ure, and magniA COUNTRYMAN. ficence. Opposite the fladt-house is

the weigh house, a place where all ar

ticles are weighed by the city. scales. To the Editors of the Boston MA The exchange is much larger than GAZINE

the royal exchange in London, and Gentlemen,

more crowded. The number of mer. The following description of Amster. chants, and the business traníacted

dam, the Exchange, &c. was taken here, are, incredible. It appears the from the journal of a yourg gen. grand receptacle of trade. The com. tleman belonging to this town. If merce of the world here seems bro't you think it would entertain the to a center. The negociations on this public, you inay give it a place in spot operate fo extenfively, as to efyour Magazine.

re&t the whole system of commerce in X E arrived at Amsterdam on the all parts of the globe. By the appear. Igth of September. Amster.' ance of the countenances, one would



Suppose every man an Ambaffador, lowing their fashions ; but keep up a settling the preliminaries of their re- national charafter. A very Atriking veral courts. Nothing irifiing or proof of their judgment and conflighty is admitted within there walls. Atancy. None but the attentive, considerate We visited the poor house, a large and cautious. A smile here would brick building mort commodiously calbe as preposterous as tears at the pan- culated to accommodate a large numtheon. No mao seems an indifferent ber of the poor. Also, the spin-house, fpe&ator, but every one looks with an where are employed those poor unfore earneftness, as if waitiag an event on tunate girls, whose affability has prove which his whole fortune depended. ed their juin. The common girls are The greatest regularity is pursued,and disgustingly ugly. I could not but piponctuality observed. Every tranf. ty the poor wretches, as oature had action is on the stricteft principles of been so unkind, that they could nehonour. The least failure in any of ver expect marriage, unless beauty there points would destroy the best was considered as an antidote to love : eftab Ished reputation in the city. It was rather unfortunate they were Honour is LAW ; and the word once born in this country, where Venus has paffed is a decifion from whence there not been lavish of her graces and is no appeal.

charms. In America, ro peculiarly The play house is much larger than the favourite of this goddess, they the hay market, and prettily faith would have escaped the snares of reed. The seats are numbered to pre. duction : Their ugly appearance vent crowding, as each person has a would have been the guardian of their right to fill up the pace of his num chaftity. ber. The actors were tolerable ; but we went through the mad houses, not understanding the language, the where are objects which excite tho performance was but indifferently keenest reflections. There is also an entertaining to me. A Dutch come- hospital, where poor Arangers are ea. dy, to a person unskilled in their lan tertained gratis for three nights. Or guage, is really a farce on comedy ; Friday evening, we went to the Jews. toe language being no more calculat- fynagogue. Such a rabble, and such ed to excite any thing of the agreea- confusion, are a burlesque upon relible, or jovial, than the found of a gion. The rarp house is a prison for broken bell. It may aniwer for tra- criminals, who are con fined for a numgedy, to raise ideas of the melancholy ber of years, and employed in fawing aid difreiling. It is a perfect farce brazil wood. Whatever may have to see a number of Dutchmen at the been their crimes, I could not but theatre ; the English are constantly in pity their unhappy lot. Their pu. a loud laugh, but the Dutch hear a nishment however, is more eligible comedy with as much folemnity as a than DEATH, fo often inflied in funeral dirge. It is indeed very laugh- England. able to hear lovers, in all the extasy of transport, converfing in a language the very found of which would dif. To the Editors of the BosTON MAgoft an English prostitute.

GAZINE We were ertertained in Amfter- Gentlemen, dam with the greatest gentility. The IT has long been a subje&t of dir. merchants live in the highest tafie. pute, whether the male or female Their entertainments are rich and rex be most rernarkable for confancy Splendid ; their houses and furniture in love. For my own part, I am in. very elegant. This elegance within clined, from observation and experitheir families, muft arise wholly from ence, to give my opinion in favour of the ladies, who are very industrious, the ladies. I am far from thinking, polite and social. They cangot boast however, that inconftancy is any ve. of beau'y, but this deficiency is made ry great crime in the men. The laup in affability and sincerity. Though dies may be astonished at this afferti. To near France, they do not, like Eng- 00; but I affure them, that it is to be land, compliment that nation, by fol. imputed entirely to them, that we are


so changeable in our affe&ions. Na- the happiness of finding, from the dë. ture has made women so charming, licacy and ingenuity of my conversa. that it is impoflible, wien we see her, tion, that I exceeded her expeâati. not to love her. But the caureol fick ons. I answered her in some very leness is, tirat nature has made too ma. warm expressions. Never were ka. ny women. This is peculiariy the dred souls so enamoured of each misfortune in this capital, where other, as we were in three mioutes. beautiful ladies are scattered with such I had just begun to make an offer of profusion, that I defy any man, who my person, when we arrived at the walks the streets with his eyes open, door of her house. I entered without to be constant a month. The impres. ceremony ; for coquettes prevent all fon,made by the lovely complexion of ceremony. “My dear Eliza, said one lady, will infalliliy be obliterated Belada to a young lady who arose by the (parkling eyes of another. Ma- to receive us, this is Mr. Inconftant, ny inftances, which prove the truth of of whom you have heard so much." these observations, might be produ. I faluied her, and Belinda escaped ced. Some particulars of my own hil. me. , tory afford one.

Eliza's mouth ! Never was such an A few months ago, by the death of exquisite lip formed. Belinda peran old aunt in the country, an estate ceived the change of my affection, and worth three thousand pounds fell into discharged a freth artillery of glances my possession. As I have long cater from her eyes ; but Eliza's lip render: tained a very romantic idea of the plea- ed them all ineffetual. I continued fores of matrimonial life, the first thing the humble flave of this lady near a I determined to do, upon hearing the month ; during which, though the good news, wag to look out for a wife. spoke not a word, I conceived her to An eary cuilibility of difpofition be the most accomplished of WOwhich I posless, I thought, would qua. men. lify me to make a very good hur- Delia however, at length convinced band

me that Eliza was deflitute of every Mrs. Arrabella, an affable widow, attraction. This is a young lady of who lives opposite to my lodgings, was fixteen, who to a most beautiful face the first object of iny affection. She and elegant person has added great told me, tbat it was a Mame a young ingenuity, fenfibility, and delicacy. fellow of iny accomplishments should Alas! That Sophia Mhould be en: live fingie; ant that the knew many dowed with more knowledge and ladies who would be very happy to wisdom. Intelligent Sophia, how give me their hands. In short, the wretched am I, that Maria's wit fiattered me so agreeably, that, in mould have power to obliterate the less than three weeks acquaintance, impresion made by the good sense of I fell deeply in love with her.

your conversation. I went to drink tea with her one af. Maria (miled so bewitchingly, reternoon, fully determined to make a parteed to satirically, and repeated declaration of my pallion, when it un poetry of her own so gracefully, that fortunately happened, that Belinda, a Íconcluded I had now found the pa• dear little coquette, was paying her ragon of perfection. a visit. This lady, who possesses spright. In there sentiments I should have liness, wit and politeners, directed her ftill remained, had I not seen at her eyes at me, as soon as I entered the house, one day, the amiable Candiroom. I forgot Arrabella immediate- da. ly. The afternoon palled away I But I bad scarcely discovered that know not how. All I know is, that, Candida was all affability, fincerity, at cae end of it, I waited upon Belin. and good nature ; I had but twice al da home. She allured me, in our fured her, how much I eleemed, loved walk, that the bad long wilhed for and adored her,when ber lovely friend the pleasure of my acquaintance ; for Fanny, caught my attention. She the had heard that I was a gentleman possesses all the amiable properties o of a refined taste and molt benevolent Candida, is two years younger, 200 heart. She added, that the had now much more beautiful.

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