תמונות בעמוד

the more nice discriminations which a mathematical demonftration ; buc deep inveftigation may discover. A known to be true only to those who great deal however, of this difference ftudy these things. vanithes, when each opinion it tolerably explained and understood by conftancy and precision in the use of A description of different terms. We apply the term Tafte to

Snakes found in the southern that ad of the mind by which we like or dislike, whatever be the subject. States. From a late publiOar judgment upon an airy nothing,

carion entitled Letters from z fancy which has no foundation, is called by the same name which we

an American Farmer. give to our determination concerning T HE southern ftates (of America) those truths which refer to the most are the countries where nature general and moft unalterable princi- has formed the greatest variety of alples of human nature, to works which ligators, (nakes, serpents, and scorpiare only to be produced by the greatest ons, from the smallest lze up to the efforts of the human understanding. PINE BARREN ; the largeft fpecies However inconvenient this may be, known here. We have but two we areobliged to take words as we find whore ftings are mortal, which de. them; all we can do is to diftinguish serve to be mentioned. As for the the things to which they are applied. black one, it is remarkable for noe We may let those things pass which thing but its industry, agility, beauty are at once subjects of taste and sense, and the art of enticing birds by the and which having as much certainty power of its eyes. The moft dangers as the senses themselves, give no occa- ous is the PILOT or COPPERHEAD, fion to enquire or dispute. The natu. for the poison of which no remedy ral appetite or taste of the human has been discovered. It bears the mind, is for truth, whether that re first name, because it always precedes fults from the real argument or equal- the rattle-snake ; that is, quits ita ity of original ideas among them. torpidity in the spring a week before selves, from the agreement of the the other. It bears the second name thing represented, or from the cor. on account of its head, and being a. respondence of the several parts of dorned with many copper coloured any arrangement with each other. It spots. It lurks in rocks near the wais the very fame taste which relishes a ter. Let man beware of it! I have demonftration in geometry, that is heard only of one person who was pleased with the resemblance of a pic Aung by a copper-head in this counture to an original, and touched with try. The poor wretch inftantly the harmony of music. All these have swelled in a moft dreadful manner. unalterable and fixed foundations in A multitude of spots alternately apnature, and are therefore equally in- peared and vanished, on different veftigated by reason, and known by parts of his body. His eyes were filftudy ; fome with more some with less led with madness and rage, he caft clearness, but all exactly in the same them on all present with the most way. A picture that is unlike is vindictive looks. He thrust out his false. Disproportionate ordonnance tongue as the snakes do; he hiffed of parts is not right because it cannot through his teeth with inconceivable be true, until it ceases to be a contra ftrength, and became an obje&t of di&tion to affert, that the parts have terror to all by-ftanders. To the line relation to the whole. Colouring vidness of a corpse, he united the is true where it is naturally adapted desperate force of a maniac. And af.. to the eye, from brightness, from soft ter che space of two hours, death re. ness,from harmony,from resemblance, lieved the poor wretch from his ftrugbecause these agree with their object gles, and the Spe&tators from their NATURE, and therefore are true, as fears.

The : poison of tho' rattle soake is and sometimes to the left, but Aill not mortal in so fort a space, and with their fight invariably direded to hence there is more time to provide the objet. The diftraded vidim, relief. There are several antidotes inftead of Aying its enemy, seems to with which almoft every family is be arrefted by some invincible powprovided. They are extremely in er ; it screams; now approaches,and active, and is not touched are perfe&t. then recedes. And after skipping Jy inoffensive. I once saw, as I was about with ubaccountable agitation, travelling, a great cliff which was full finally ruflies into the jaws of the of them. I handled several, and they snake, and is swallowed as soon as it is appeared to be dead ; they were all covered with a Nime or glue to make entwined together, and thus they re. it Aide easily down the throat of the main until the return of the sun. I devourer. found them out by the track of rome . One anecdote I must relate, the wild hogs which had sed on them ; circumftances of which are as true as and even the Indian's often regale on they are fioguiar. As I was one day them. When they find them aneep, sitting in an arbour, my attention they put a small forked fick over was engaged by a frange sort of ruft. their necks, which they keep im ling noise at some paces diftance. I movably fixed on the ground, giv- looked all around withour diftinguithing the (nake a piece of leather to ing any thing, until I climbed one bite. This they pull back several of my great hemp Atalks; when to my times with great force, untill they ob altonishment, I beheld two (nakes of serve their two poisonous fangs torn confiderable length, the one pursuing out. Then they cut off the head, skin the other with great celerity,ihrough the body, and cook it as we do eels; a hemp Atubblefield. The aggressor and their flesh is extremely sweet and was of a black kind, fix feet long : white. , I once saw a TAMED ONE, as the fugitive was a water-snake, neargentle as you can possibly conceive a ly of equal dimenfions. They foon reptile to be. It took to the water, met, and in the fury of their firft enand fwana whenever it pleased. And counter, they appeared in an inftant when the boys. to whom it belonged firmly twifted together ; and whilft called it back, their summons was their united tails beat the ground, readily abeyed. It had been de pri- they mutually tried with open jaws ved of its fangs by the preceeding to lacerate each other. What a fell method ; they often ftroked it with a aspect did they prelent! Their beads foft bruth, and this friction seemed to were compressed to a very small fize, cause the most pleasing sensation, their eyes Aashed fire; and after this

The black faake always diverts me confid nad lafted about five minutes, because it excites' no idea of danger. the second found means to disengage Their fwiftness is attonishing. They itself from the first, and horried to will sometimes equal that of a horse; wards the ditch. Its antagonift inat other times they will climb up ftantly assumed a new pofture, and trees in queft of tree-toads, or glide half creeping and half ere, with a on the ground at full length. On majestic mein, overtook and attacked fome occafions, they present them the other again, which placed itself felves half in the reptile ftate, half in the same attitude, and prepared to erect. Thein eyes and their heads in relift. The scene was uncommon the ere& pofture, appear to great ad. and beautiful; for thus opposed they vantage. The former display a fire fought with their jaws, biting eacb which I have often admired, and it other with the utmoft rage ; bot notis by theie tliey are enabled to farci- withstanding this appearance of munate birds and squirrels. Wnęn they tual courage and fury, the waterhave fixed their eyes on an animal, Snake ftill seemed defirous of retreatthey become immovable ; only turn- jug towards the ditch, its natural eleing their head sometimes to the right ment. This was no sooner perceived


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

AN ECDOTE. that lies between the skin and the A Stwo young officers were drinking Aeth. Immediately on their arrival n aglassina tavern,a dispute arose re they calf, and ingender again about lative to a young lady, whom one of two months after ; so that they carry them paid his addresses to, and involve their young about nine months. ed in a quarrel, which, by the inter. They never had more than two at a position of a gentleman present, was time, and seldom more than one. at that time compromised; but the The echouries are formed princinext morning one of them sent a chal pally by nature, being a gradual flope lenge to the other, who, instead of ac of soft rock, with which the Magdacepting; returned the following an leo islands abound, about eighty or

an hundred yards wide at the water SIR,

fide, and spreading so as to contain, k" I reckon it my peculiar happiness near the summit, a very considerable that I can produce officers and rol number. Here they are suffered to diers, who witnessed my behaviour in come on shore and amuse themselves America during the late war, as evi. for a confiderable time, till they acdence of my courage. You may en quire a boldness, being at their first deavour, if you please, to propagate landing ro'exceedingly timid as to my refufing your challenge, and brand make it impossible for any person to me with cowardice ; but I am fully approach them. In a few weeks they convinced that nobody will believe me affemble in great numbers; formerguilty... and every body will see you ly, when undifturbed by the Ameri.' are malicious. The cause in which we cans, to the amount of seven or eight quarrelled was a trife; the blood of thousand ; and, the form of the a soldier Mould be reserved for nobler echourie not allowing them to remain purposes -- love is blind.-- resentment contiguous to the water, the foremost mean, and taste capricious--and it ones are insensibly pushed above the ought to be considered, that murder, Nope. When they are arrived to a though palliated by a false of honour, convenient distance, the fishermen, is murder still,and calls for vehgeance." having provided the neceflary appa.

ratus, take the advantage of a rea Account of the SBA.Cow, and the Use wind, or a breeze blowing rather obo - made of it : By Molineux Shuld. Iiquely on the shore, to prevent the ham, Esq;

smelling of these animals (who have THE Sea-Cow is a native of the that sense in great perfe&ion, contri

1 Magdaleo islands, St. John's, buting to their safety) and, with the and Anticofti, in the gulph of St. affiftance of very good dogs, endeaLawrence. They resort very early vour in the night time to separate in the spring to the former of these those that are the fartheft advanced places, which seems to be by nature from those next the water, driving particularly adapted to the wants of them different ways. This they call there animals, a hounding with clams, making a cut, and is generally looka thell-fith resembling a scallop, of a ed upon to be a moft dangerous provery large fize, and the moft conveni. cers, it being impoffible to drive them ent landing place, called Echouries. in any particular direction, and diffi. Here they crawl up in great numbers cult to avoid them; but, as they are and sometimes remain for fourteen advanced above the slope of the echoudays together without food, when the rie, the darkness of the night deprives weather is fair ; but, on the first apo them of every dire&ion to the water, pearance of rain, they immediately re- so that they Áray about and are killtreat to the water with great precipi. ed at leisure, those that are neareft tation. They are, when out of the the shore being the first viAtims. In waters very unweildy, and move this manner there have been killed with great difficulty. They weigh fifteen or fixteed hundred at one cut. from Efteen hundred to two thousand They then skin them, and take off , pounds, producing, according to their coat of fat that always surrounds lize, from one to two barrels of oil, them, which they diffolve by beat which is boiled out of a fat substance into oil,


[ocr errors]

An Eray on the Right to a he rejoices, he associates with those

who have pleasure in his felicity,whea free Exercise of Conscience in he is in a fate beyond the conReligious matters.

trol of human legislation, in the vale

of 'natures fimplicity, and his under(Continued from page 149). ftanding Comprehends the existance of DUBLIC worship was not original. a Deity, and his grateful leart overr ly the creature of government, flows with a sense of his gooi gers, to it was the necellary effect of true re. be Silent then would speak him Jers ligion, and therefore government, al.

Cal. than man, and fhew an inconfiftency though it can, like the King of Baby. in bio nature. This would therefore loo, raise an image, and command urge him with more force than could men to bow the body, yet it can ne- arise from the obligation of human ver compel them to mental, which is laws, to give form to his religion, tbe caly true worthip, while they ab and to break out with those who porhor the ed:et, nor give form to religi. rofled fimilar feelings, in acts of adoron which men's hearts do not ap. ation, or public worship. As there prove To protect every form which can be but one object of the supremo in jares not the person or property of affection of the heart, there could be another, is all the civil power can do. no contention arifing among ft men For if devotion to God is the only true from the nature of religion. For the religion, surely every man without Mof High, being the Supreme, and the bounds of civil fociety if he has common Benefaétor of all, every one it in his heart,is by his nature obliged

comowe obliged who has a seose of his goodness, mult to evidence the exiftence of it by ruch delight in hearing his praises exprell expreffions, either in words or actions, ed, and seeing his Majesty adored in as appear to him moft suitable, and every language, and in every possible the manner in which it is performed, form. But the powers of the earth, can no more be the subject of contro princes and poteotates, have, in the verly, than it is that all men do not pride of their hearts, arrogated to speak the same language, or convey themselves the prerogatives of deity, fimilarideas by the came words. This and by the policy of fates have too appears, I think, reasonable, fair and long concealed the truth, under the caly, and yet by the want of acknow. fplendid rubbish of their own wicked ledging this truth, the world has been devices. readered miserable for many ages. The article under consideration,

It is said above, that every man is says, that it is the duty of all men inte by the constitution of his nature, society, publicly to worship the Suobliged to give a form to his devotion, preme Being. If this is a duty in a and to make that form public. But ftate of nature, or arising from natulois has been denied by several among ral obligation, it is clearly heightened, whom is the author of the epiftles and not dispensed with, in civil comphilosophical and moral, He

munity ; because the refraining from

atts of worship there, would have a " Unawed by tenet, text or tale, tendency to eradicate devotion from " Erets his altar in the vale." the heart, and to injure society by

increasing immorality and vice. But the obligation to social wor. There is nothing more certain than hip, I suppose to result from the na that frequent conversations upon m lure of man, and there is no necessity subje&t will deeply impress the mind of buoian penalties, to oblige bim to with it, while ceafing to converra overt ads of religion, if his heart is upon another, will end in a forgetproperly affe&ted. Manjby his natu- fulness of it. The man then, who ral constitution, is obliged to complain confiders himself a member of that whea in diftress, and to rejoice when society, from whom he expects a perho is happy ; when he suffers, he al., formance of all the duties ftipulated ways complains either to those from by the convention, and has contra&t. whom 'he expects relief, or to those ed for a reciprocity on his own part, who will sympathize with him. When is obliged in conscience to do all thore


« הקודםהמשך »