« הקודםהמשך »
the duty, of all men in society,pub. here, that this sentiment opposes it. & licly, and at Aated seasons, to wor. Tell to the monatural zeal of those re" ship the supreme Being, the great ligionifis, who talk of going out of « creator and preserver of the uni- themselves, and tell of martyrs who & verse. And no subject shall be died without any view to their own "hurt, molested, or reftrained, in his happiness, and also to the favour of “ períop, liberty or eftate, for wor patrio's, who dwell on tbe death of " thipping God, in the manner, and the Decii, and the history of the Ro" season, moft agreeable to the dic. man,who filled the chalm in the earth "tates of his own conscience ; or for to fave his country. But could I « his religious profellion, or senti once persuade myself, that those suf« ments; provided he doth not disa ferers were pot instigated by a regard “ turb the public peace, or obftru&t to themselves, considering their rela
others in their religious worship.” tion to their God, and their coun
The first sentiment in the article try, I should no longer believe them above recited is, that it is the right, as to be martyrs or patriots, but should well as the duty of all men in society, be led to conclude, that they fell the to worship God. The idea intended victims of their own madness and to be conveyed, I take clearly to be folly. If the martyrs of the chriftithis ; that it being the duty of all men an religion believed the doctrines they publicly to worklip, it is therefore taught, they were not to fear hira their unalienable right to perform it. who could only kill the body, but For the duty being founded in the na him who could both kill, and caft ture of man, and resulting from his into bell; they contemplated the thortrelation to his Creator and Preserver, ness of life, the duration of another it is an indispensible duty. Mau can. ftate, where, if they denied their Dot lawfully withold it, nor can the faith here, they would be rewarded government, unless they usurp the with shame, apd infelicity. The valprerogatives of the Mon High,release, ley of death they knew they had soon or forbid it,
to pass in some way or other, and Although this duty does not refult while they loved their divine Mafter, from man to man, or from an indivi who died for them ; and loved themdual to a fociety of men, yet it is felves, seeking their own final hapa matter wherein civil society is much piness, they could not hesitate wheinterested, because, where tbere is an ther to die, or to deny their religion. entire neglect of this, there remains They could not have loved their Malbut little hopes that the citizen will ter for dying for them, unless they pay a proper regard to those of social had loved themselves ; and the affur
ance they had of being made happy in As words which for a long time the world of spirits, by layiog down have been used, are by the changes their lives at that time,affords us eviincident to language, often affixed to dence, that their profeffion was fincere. ideas with wbich they originally had I need not dwell longer on the no relation, and too often convey a thought of an individual, of a haughniere found to the ear, withou? giy- ty ambitious pation, falling a willing ing the mind a precise and perfe&t facrifice to his country's salety, wheu idea ; it may be necessary to pay a the consequence of his not doing it, particular attention to the word would be the involving himself in a WORSHIP
common ruin, where the moft barMan being a rational, intelligent barous cruelties would be exercised, creaiure, and having a greater inter « Self-love and social are the same,” eft in himself than in any thing else, saysPope ; for one to love a heing bemust ferk his own happiness as the cause he has a relation to him & not to
firft object, and love and adore him love himself,or for one to love alyftem moft,'on whom he feels the greatest wliereof he is a part, and to exclude dependence, and from whom he sups himrell, is impoffible. When we reposes that he receives the greatest be alize our relation to the supreme-Benefits. It is not however forgotten iog, we remember that each one of
the human race is entitled to the same' in private or public, is the dress, ty pe, bleffings we ask for ourselves. There- or form of it, and when ever it alfore, to defire more for ourselves than sumes a form of expression, that form for others, would be an oppofition to is denominated either public or prithe government of the universal Pa- vate worship. It is therefore a confurent. But still, our interest in our fion of language, or at least a want of own felicity, is a primary cause of precision in expression, to say there is the benevolent emotions of our a false religion, and a true religion. It hearts.
might with as much propriety, be That affeAion of the heart, which,
said, that there is a false truth, and a when exercised towards a man, as a
true truth ; for religion is truth itself, heaefaftur, we call gratitude ; when
and any thing besides truth is no reexercised towards the supreme Be
ligion. Nor can I conceive that there iog, I call devotion ; in the first case
is a false and a true MODE of worship. the feeling produces a simple princi
There may be a false worship, and a ple ; but in the second, there is a
true worship. Whenever a man affe&s sense of adoration, necessarily arising
to worship, and is not fincere, his from the idea of transcendent majera
form contains a falfhood. And every ty, which, mixing itself with, heigh
form, where the man means to exteos, and makes exquifte the sublime
press the feelings of his heart without affe&tion of the heart. This affection
hypocrisy, is true ; for whatever has its origin in man's regard to his
truly represents its conftituent muft own happiness, and his relation to
in itself be true. Dean Tucker, and God, as his cieator, preserver, &c.
some other supporters of a national This is religion, and the only founda
church, have contended against the tion of all true worship. Says Mr.
British as of toleration, because, fay Wollafton, in his religion of nature
they, there can be but one true redelineated, “Rational creatures ought
ligion, and therefore to tolerate seveu to keep it well impreft upon their
ral, is to tolerate a false one. Their « minds, that he is the Being, upon
miftake is very evident, they call that u whom their very existence depends,
religion which is only the effet of it ; " that it is he who superintends and
they call articles of faith and codes " adminifters the affairs of the world
of worfiip religion, when in fa& there « by his providence, that the effects
is nothing but the devotion of the 6 of his power, and influence are vifi
heart, which can claim or deserve « ble before their eyes, and round
that appellation. The same men w about them in all the phænomena
will contend agaioit the worship of " of nature, not one of which could
images in a Romißh church, which « be without him. If they do this it
are perhaps, only intended by leofi« is easy to see what effe&t it must have
ble obje&is, to encrease the religion “ upon all their thoughts, words and
of the heart, and fall into the same * adtions."
error themselves, which they sup
pofe in others, by believing the rites This affe&tion which I call devoti. and ceremonies of their own church on, arises from a combination of ideas to be religion. Thus men deceive already mentioned ; it cannot be con- and suffer themselves to be carried cealed as a latent spark, but will kin away by words. Was I called upon dle into a flame, and form Come ap- to define or describe the chriftian repearance or other. If man in his ligion, I should say, That it is a most solitary retreat, conte.nplates grateful affection of the mind towards the benefits received from the author the Supreme Being, for the revelatiof his gature, he forms and arranges on of himself in the gospel, and for his ideas by some language or other, sending his Son into this perishing with which he is acquainted. Should world, to die, that he might in his there breathings be kept within his own way, beftow happiness on the owo breaft, or Diould they break out human race. If the contemplation into woispers only, it would be folita. . of such boundless goodness, does not ry worship, for as the devotion of the fill the believers mind with devotion heart is the only true religion, so the I know not what will do it. arrangement of it in the mind, whether
(To be continued.). To
To the Editors of the BOSTON MA- vations. Nobody doubts, gentlo-
men, that all of you are endowed Gentlemen,
with wit ; but I would advise you to
dispose of what you have to spare, in TAM happy to find, by the spirit
pieces of your own compofition, to 1 of your publication, that it is your
be inserted in the body of the Madesign to pay fome attention to the
gazine, where it will make a much ladies. They certainly form a very
better appearance, and be more ac. respectable as well as amiable part of
ceptable to your readers. the community ; and every man of
OBSERVATOR. Sense will be industrious to please
Boston, February 18th, 1784. them. Few materials, however, seem to be furnished for the execution of
Mefl'rs Printers, your purpofe : For, excepting a let
CEVERAL wise criticks, not with. ter from Susanna, and two enigmas,
U ftanding Susanna's (prightly letter nothing has yet appeared with a fe
in your last,
ftill continue to treat male signature. And even the former of these I fufpe&t to be the pro
enigmas with great severity ; and are
determined, they say, to darn your duction of a male hand; for though
whole compilation, unless, in future it must be allowed not to be deftitute
all this kind of false wit be excluded of ingenuity, it wants that delicacy
This reduces you to a very disagreea• and easy Aow of expression which dil.
ble dilemma ; for, by complying with tinguish the style of a lady. If your female readers are solicitous that the
the opinion of these gentlemen, you
will not fail to displease your female Magazine should be adapted to their
readers, whose taite, dear creatures ! tafte, it is their duty to make it lo.
ought, in some meafure, to be conThe men cannot so easily please them all
sulted. To order, therefore, to preby their writings as they can please
serve your reputation and your subeach other. As our ideas are con
scribers, I will propose an improveceived with coldness aod formality,
ment in this (pecies of composition. it is impoffible that we should be
Let no enigmas hereafter be admitable to produce many pieces, which
ted into the Magazine, unless, in adwill delight their fancies. I would
dition to the knot of difficulty, they therefore request your fair subscribers
be either descriptive, complimentary to take up their pens, and to embel
or satirical. By these means false and Rifh the Magazine with their elegant
true wit will be so blended together, and animated performances. It is not
that both the ladies and the criticks enough for them to admire the works will become
will be gratified. of others: We have a right to ex:
A few examples will explain my peet some of their own invention.
meaning. Suppose an enigmatical lift Many young ladies in this and the
of young ladies were to be framed, maneighbouring towns, particularly in te
terials might casily be colleAed from Balem, Worcester and Braintree, com.
the beautiful objets of nature : Pinks, pofe with ease and grace. Some of
lillies, roses, tulips ; doves, lambs, ertheir private letters would be suffici.
mines ; clouds, the rain bow, and the ent to efablish the reputation of your
moon ; would furnih letters to comMagazine.
pose the games. Old mads might be As I have thus urged the fair sex
made out of daffodils, poppies, cats, to become candidates for literary
vinegar, and wormwood. The names. ame, in order to remove an obftacle
of fops and coxcombs would spring hat may ftand in their way, I would
from butterflies, magpies, feathers, Jequest you, gentlemen, to be more
bubbles, and fummery. Even the landid in your acknowledgments to
chara&ers of grave lawyers, divines, Correspondents. Several of my fe
and physicians, might be described in hale friends, who can write very
an enigma : Lawyers, by quibbles, Healingly, are deterred from sending
demurrers, and barratry ; divines, heir performances to the press by an
by gravity, brimstone, and tithe-pigs; bprehension of your sarcastic obser
and physicians, by gallypots, cathar-
Poetical Effays, &c. for February, 1784.
The peaceful fellows of the college be following Parody, I believe,
. The tinkling bell proclaiming earbas been seen by very few of
ly pray’rs, your readers; your publishing The noisy fervants rattling o'er their it, iberefore, may afford an · The calls of business, and domeftic
head, agreeable entertainment to cares, many of tben, as well as**
well as Ne’er rouze these sleepers from their
downy bed. to your bumble servant,
No chatt'ring females crowd their HARVARDIENSIS.
No dread have they of discord and An Evening Contemplation in of firife ; & College, being a Parody Unknown the names of husband and
of fire, on Gray's Elegy, in a Cours. Únfelt the plagues of matrimonial try Church-Yard.
life. THE Curfex tolls the hour of
hour of Oft have they balk'd along the sunclofing gates,
ny walls, With jarring sound the porter turns
turns Oft have the benches bow'd beneath
i the key,
their weight : Inen in his dreary manfion Numb'rips How joeund are their looks when din
ner calls ! And fowly, feroly quits it ... thol
Is enite it hoe How smoke the cutlets on their crowfor me.
ded plate ! Now Tipe the foires beneath the Oh let not temp'rance too-disdain. paly moon,
ful hear and through the cloyfer peace and How long our feafts, how long our
dinners laft: ve where some' fiddler scrapes a Nor let the fair with a contemptuous copious bowls inspire a jovial
ire a jovial On these unmarry'd men reflexions
caft! Save that in yonder cobweb-man
The splendid fortune and the bau
teous face here lies a student in profound re
idre (Themselves confess it and their fres
bemoan) ppress'd with ale, wide echoes thro
hoes thro Too roon are caught by scarlet and the gloon
These sons of science fine in black Within those walls, where thras
alone. the glimm'riog Thade
Forgive, ye fair, th' in voluntary prpear the pamphlets in a mould!
Ifthere no feats of gaiety display,
The droning mulic
ring heap, lach in his narrow
Some once the d
Melodious Frasi erills her quav'ring Negle&s to hold Mort dalliance with Jay.
a book? Say, is the fword well suited to the Who there but withes to prolong hi
band, Does broider'd coat agree with sable And on those cases cafts a ling'ring gown,
look ? Can Dresden's laces hade a church- Reports attract the lawyer's parting man's hand,
eyes, Or learning's vot'ries ape the beaux Novels Lord Fopling and Sir Plame of town?
require ; Perhaps in these time tott'ring For songs and plays the voice of beauwalls reside
ty cries, Some who were once the darlings of And sense and nature Grandison de
to the fair ; Some who of old could tastes and from thee, who mindful of thy fathions guide,
lov'd compeers Controul the manager and awe the Doit in their lines their artless tales i play’r.
relate, But science now has fill'd their va- If chance, with prying search, in fucapt mind
ture years, With Rome's rich spoils and truth's Some antiquarian fhall enquire thy exalted views ;
fate. Fir'd them with transports of a no: Haply some friend may shake his bler kind,
hoarý head, And bade them Night all females .... And say, " Each morn, unchill'd by ; but the muse.
Afrofts, he ran Full many a lark, high-tow'ring to " With hose ungarter'd, o'er you the sky,
turfy bed, Unheard,yaheeded greets th’approach " To reach the chapel ere the Psalm **of light;
began, Full many a ftar, 'voseen by mortal « There in the arms of that lethar eye,
gic chair, With twinkling lufre glimmers thro' « Which rears its moth devoure - the night.
back so high, Far from the giddy towa's tumul. “At noon he qaffd three glasses B tuous ftrife,
the fair, Their wishes yet' have never learn'd "And por'd upon the news with a to Aray;
rious eye. Content and happy in a single life « Now by the fire, engag'd in set They keep the noiseless tenor of their
rious talk way.
" Or mirthful converse, would E'en' now their books from cob. . loit'ring stand; webs to protect,
“ Then in the garden chole a fun Inclosd by doors of glass, in Doric
“ Or launch'd the polish'd bowl w On Auted pillars rais'd, with bronzes · Aeady ftand; deck'd,.'
« One moro we miss'd hina at They claim the paffing tribute of a
hour of pray't, smile. a
« Beside the fire, and on his fav? oft are the author's dames, tha' green ; richly bound,
lAnother came, nor yet within Mil-Spelt by blundring binders'want
chair, ofcare ;
6. Nor yet at bowls, nor chapel And many a catalogue is Arow'd he seen, Taround,
« The next we heard that To tell th' admiring gueft what books, neighböring thire 1. are there.
" That day to church he ledi a bl For who, to thoughtless ignorance ing bride ;