The Making of Urban Japan: Cities and Planning from Edo to the Twenty-first Century

כריכה קדמית
Psychology Press, 2004 - 386 עמודים
During the twentieth century, Japan was transformed from a poor, primarily rural country into one of the world's largest industrial powers and most highly urbanised countries. Interestingly, while Japanese governments and planners borrowed carefully from the planning ideas and methods of many other countries, Japanese urban planning, urban governance and cities developed very differently from those of other developed countries. Japan's distinctive patterns of urbanisation are partly a product of the highly developed urban system, urban traditions and material culture of the pre-modern period, which remained influential until well after the Pacific War. A second key influence has been the dominance of central government in urban affairs, and its consistent prioritisation of economic growth over the public welfare or urban quality of life. André Sorensen examines Japan's urban trajectory from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, paying particular attention to the weak development of Japanese civil society, local governments, and land development and planning regulations.
 

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תוכן

The legacy of the Tokugawa period
11
The Meiji period establishing modern traditions
45
Taisho period urbanisation and the development of the 1919 planning system
85
Japans first urban planning system
114
Postwar reconstruction and rapid economic growth
151
Environmental crisis and the new city planning system of 1968
200
Implementing the new city planning system
224
From planning deregulation to the bubble economy
256
The era of local rights master plans machizukuri and historical preservation
288
Japanese urbanisation and planning
333
Bibliography
358
Index
376
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