Notable Women in Mathematics: A Biographical Dictionary

כריכה קדמית
Charlene Morrow, Teri Perl
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - 302 עמודים

This volume features substantive biographical essays on 59 women from around the world who have made significant contributions to mathematics from antiquity to the present. Designed for secondary school students and the general public, each profile describes major life events, obstacles faced and overcome, educational and career milestones--including a discussion of mathematical research in non-technical terms--and interests outside of 2 promotics. Although the collection includes historical women, the emphasis is on contemporary mathematicians, many of whom have not been profiled in any previous work. The work also celebrates the contributions of minority women, including 10 African-American, Latina, and Asian mathematicians.

Written by practicing mathematicians, teachers and researchers, these profiles give voice to the variety of pathways into mathematics that women have followed and the diversity of areas in which mathematics can work. Many profiles draw on interviews with the subject, and each includes a short list of suggested reading by and about the mathematician. Most mathematicians profiled stress the value, importance, and enjoyment of collaborative research, contradicting the prevailing notion that doing good mathematics requires isolation. This collection provides not only a substantial number of role models for girls interested in a career in mathematics, but also a unique depiction of a field that can offer a lifetime of challenge and enjoyment.

מתוך הספר

מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת

לא מצאנו ביקורות במקומות הרגילים

עמודים נבחרים

תוכן

Maria Gaetana Agnesi
1
Andrea Bertozzi
6
Lenore Blum
11
Sylvia Bozeman
17
Marjorie Lee Browne
21
Leone Burton
25
Fan King Chung
29
Ingrid Daubechies
34
Emmy Noether
152
Karen Parshall
157
Bernadetter PerrinRiou
161
Harriet Pollatsek
164
Cheryl Praeger
169
Mina Spiegel Rees
174
Ida Rhodes
180
Julia Bowman Robinson
185

Emilie de Breteuil du Chatelet
38
Etta Zuber Falconer
43
Joan Feigenbaum
47
Elizabeth Fennema
51
Herta Taussig Freitag
56
Sophie Germain
62
Evelyn Boyd Granville
66
Mary Gray
71
Gloria Conyers Hewitt
76
Grace Brewster Murray Hopper
80
Rhonda Hughes
85
Joan Hutchinson
90
Hypatia
94
Nancy Kopell
98
Sofya KorvinKrukovskaya Kovalevskaya
102
Christine LaddFranklin
107
Anneli Lax
113
Gilah Chaya Vanderhoek Leder
118
Emma Trotskaya Lehmer
123
Ada Augusta Byron Lovelace
128
Vivienne MaloneMayes
133
Dusa Waddington McDuff
137
MarieLouise Michelsohn
142
Cathleen Synge Morawetz
147
Judith Roitman
190
Mary Ellen Rudin
195
Mary Beth Ruskai
200
Cora Sadosky
204
Alice Turner Schafer
209
Doris Wood Schattschneider
214
Charlotte Angas Scott
219
Marjorie Wikler Senechal
225
Lesley Milman Sibner
229
Mary Fairfax Grieg Somerville
233
Pauline Sperry
238
Alicia Boole Stott
242
Olga TausskyTodd
246
Jean Taylor
252
ChuuLian Terng
257
Karen Uhlenbeck
261
Marion Walter
267
Sylvia Young Wiegand
272
Grace Chisholm Young
277
Dates of Birth
283
Countries of Employment and Origin
285
Index
289
About the Editors and Contributors
295
זכויות יוצרים

מונחים וביטויים נפוצים

קטעים בולטים

עמוד 62 - ... it. But when a person of the sex which, according to our customs and prejudices, must encounter infinitely more difficulties than men to familiarize herself with these thorny researches, succeeds nevertheless in surmounting these obstacles and penetrating the most obscure parts of them, then without doubt she must have the noblest courage, quite extraordinary talents and a superior genius.
עמוד 39 - It may be that there are metaphysicians and philosophers whose learning is greater than mine, although I have not met them. Yet, they are but frail humans, too, and have their faults; so, when I add the sum total of my graces, I confess that I am inferior to no one.
עמוד 131 - ... introduction into it of the principle which Jacquard devised for regulating, by means of punched cards, the most complicated patterns in the fabrication of brocaded stuffs.
עמוד 131 - Supposing, for instance, that the fundamental relations of pitched sounds in the science of harmony and of musical composition were susceptible of such expression and adaptations, the engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent.
עמוד 156 - In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians, Fraulein Noether was the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began.
עמוד 130 - ... which might be injurious to a person whose bodily health is not strong. I have therefore contented myself with very good, quite right, and so on. But I feel bound to tell you that the power of thinking on these matters which Lady L. has always shown from the beginning of my correspondence with her, has been something so utterly out of the common way for any beginner, man or woman, that this power must be duly considered by her friends, with reference to the question whether they should urge or...
עמוד 72 - A research physicist at the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) from 1951-1969, he was its director from 1 969- 1 972.
עמוד 42 - ... style were clearness, precision, and elegance. If it be ever possible to give the semblance of truth to the ideas of Leibnitz, it will be found in that book : but at present few people trouble themselves to know how or what Leibnitz thought. Born with a love of truth, she soon abandoned system, and applied herself to the discoveries of the great Newton; she translated his whole book on the principles of the mathematics into French; and when she had afterwards enlarged her knowledge, she added...
עמוד 42 - [May 20th.] " My departure hence does not depend absolutely upon me, but upon Clairaut and the difficulty of my work. I sacrifice everything to it, even my shape, and I beg you to remember it if you find me changed. Do you know the life I have led since the departure of the king ? I get up at nine, sometimes at eight ; I work till three ; then I take my coffee ; I resume work at four ; at ten I stop to eat a morsel alone ; I talk till midnight with M. de Voltaire, who comes to supper with me, and...
עמוד 281 - On the solution of a pair of simultaneous diophantine equations connected with the nuptial number of Plato.

מידע על המחבר (1998)

CHARLENE MORROW is Co-Director of SummerMath, a six-week program for high school girls at Mount Holyoke College, past president and current co-Executive Director of Women and Mathematics Education, and Chair of the Comprehensive Mathematics Education for Every Child Committee of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. She has presented and written extensively on effective learning approaches and educational environments for girls and women.

TERI PERL is a consultant in education and technology with Teri Perl Associates. She is the author of two highly acclaimed books on women and mathematics, Math Equals (1978) and Women and Numbers (1993), and has also written a number of other educational books and materials for teachers. As co-founder of The Learning Company, Dr. Perl helped create several award-winning software packages in mathematics education and continues to be involved in teacher development at both the pre-service and in-service levels.

מידע ביבליוגרפי