Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany: Individual Fates and Global Impact

כריכה קדמית
Princeton University Press, 2009 - 471 עמודים
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The emigration of mathematicians from Europe during the Nazi era signaled an irrevocable and important historical shift for the international mathematics world. Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany is the first thoroughly documented account of this exodus. In this greatly expanded translation of the 1998 German edition, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze describes the flight of more than 140 mathematicians, their reasons for leaving, the political and economic issues involved, the reception of these emigrants by various countries, and the emigrants' continuing contributions to mathematics. The influx of these brilliant thinkers to other nations profoundly reconfigured the mathematics world and vaulted the United States into a new leadership role in mathematics research.


Based on archival sources that have never been examined before, the book discusses the preeminent emigrant mathematicians of the period, including Emmy Noether, John von Neumann, Hermann Weyl, and many others. The author explores the mechanisms of the expulsion of mathematicians from Germany, the emigrants' acculturation to their new host countries, and the fates of those mathematicians forced to stay behind. The book reveals the alienation and solidarity of the emigrants, and investigates the global development of mathematics as a consequence of their radical migration.


An in-depth yet accessible look at mathematics both as a scientific enterprise and human endeavor, Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany provides a vivid picture of a critical chapter in the history of international science.

 

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תוכן

Chapter
1
Chapter
4
The Notion of Mathematician Plus Quantitative Figures
13
Early Emigration
30
Pretexts Forms and the Extent of Emigration and Persecution
59
Obstacles to Emigration out of Germany after 1933
90
Alternative NonAmerican Host Countries
102
Diminishing Ties with Germany and SelfImage of the Refugees
149
Chapter 11
316
Appendix 1
341
Appendix 2
366
5
368
Translation of a Letter from Professor Karl Löwner
372
Richard Courants Resignation from the German Mathematicians
381
Appendix 6
394
Archives Unprinted Sources and Their Abbreviations
415

Help and Xenophobia
186
Acculturation Political Adaptation and the American Entrance
230
The Impact of Immigration on American Mathematics
267
Photographs Index and Credits
445
Name Index
461
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מידע על המחבר (2009)

Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze is professor of the history of mathematics at the University of Agder, Kristiansand, in Norway.

מידע ביבליוגרפי