Confronting Genocide

כריכה קדמית
René Provost, Payam Akhavan
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 בנוב׳ 2010 - 374 עמודים
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“Never again” stands as one the central pledges of the international community following the end of the Second World War, upon full realization of the massive scale of the Nazi extermination programme. Genocide stands as an intolerable assault on a sense of common humanity embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other fundamental international instruments, including the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the United Nations Charter. And yet, since the Second World War, the international community has proven incapable of effectively preventing the occurrence of more genocides in places like Cambodia, Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sudan. Is genocide actually preventable, or is “ever again” a more accurate catchphrase to capture the reality of this phenomenon? The essays in this volume explore the complex nature of genocide and the relative promise of various avenues identified by the international community to attempt to put a definitive end to its occurrence. Essays focus on a conceptualization of genocide as a social and political phenomenon, on the identification of key actors (Governments, international institutions, the media, civil society, individuals), and on an exploration of the relative promise of different means to prevent genocide (criminal accountability, civil disobedience, shaming, intervention).
 

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תוכן

1 Moving From Repression to Prevention of Genocide
1
Part I Reconceptualizing Genocide
11
NineteenthCentury Roots of International Human Rights Law and Activism
13
Genocidal Theory and Practical Atrocities
44
4 Sovereignty as Responsibility for the Prevention of Genocide
57
5 Citizenship National Identity and Genocide
81
6 Incitement Prevention and Media Rights
96
Part II UnPrevented Genocide
104
12 Expectation of Prosecuting the Crimes of Genocide in China
173
Part III Prevention Beyond the State
192
A Program for Resistance to Genocidal Law
195
14 Privatizing Humanitarian Intervention? Mercenaries PMCs and the Business of Peace
238
CitizenDriven Political Will for Genocide Prevention in the US Context
269
16 The Role of the International Community in Assisting the International Criminal Court to Secure Justice and Accountability
279
From the Twilight to the Dawn? International Criminal Court Prosecutor Luis MorenoOcampo at McGill University
290
18 The Politics of Legal Accountability and Genocide Prevention
295

7 Some Problems of Genocide Prevention
105
Peacekeeping Troops in the Responsibility to Protect Era
117
A Legal and Moral Imperative
130
Denial and the Turkish National Security Concept
151
South Africa Iraq and Darfur
159
19 A Psychological Investigation of Individual and Social Transformations in PostGenocide Rwanda
305
Using Media to Enhance Tolerance and CoHabitation in Africa
318
References
333
Index
355
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מידע על המחבר (2010)

RENE PROVOST is Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Law and the Institute of Comparative Law, McGill University. He has published in such journals as British Yearbook of International Law, Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, and University of Miami Inter-American Law Review.

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